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Old 06-14-2005, 07:30 PM   #1
cccc
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Registered: Sep 2003
Distribution: Debian Squeeze / Wheezy
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replace exim with postfix on sarge ?


hi

howto replace exim4 with postfix on sarge ?

I have removed exim4:
# apt-get remove exim4

installed postfix:
# apt-get install postfix postfix-tls postfix-doc

but I'dont have any main.cf in /etc/postfix
# cd /etc/postfix
# ls -la
insgesamt 76
drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 2005-06-15 02:02 .
drwxr-xr-x 99 root root 4096 2005-06-15 02:08 ..
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 385 2005-06-15 01:14 dynamicmaps.cf
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 6604 2006-03-16 23:10 master.cf
-rw-r--r-- 1 root root 16114 2005-03-01 02:05 postfix-files
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 5800 2005-03-01 02:05 postfix-script
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 21207 2005-03-01 02:05 post-install
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 2005-03-01 02:05 sasl

OK I've created main.cf
# /etc/init.d/postfix restart
Stopping mail transport agent: Postfix.
Starting mail transport agent: Postfix.

but is not listening on 25 port:

# telnet localhost 25
Trying 127.0.0.1...
Connected to localhost.localdomain.
Escape character is '^]'.

knows someone, what's wrong ?
 
Old 06-15-2005, 08:51 AM   #2
Andronik
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Registered: Sep 2003
Location: Estonia Tartu
Distribution: Debian, edition depends on what i run it, wheezy on main box.
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first postfix on debian runs chrooted by default. unless you installed it from source.

you can check it main.cf values by issuing "postconf -d" command

now it depends what way you like to configure postfix main fails > main and master conf.
for example you can do its conf by webmin or by hand.
i suggest to start from www.postfix.org reading documentation and links.
MAN postfix helps too.

if you want quick hint why it doesn't work or listen > tail -f /var/log/mail.log
postfix complains there.
don't be afraid, it is easier than you think.


wait:
i reread your post.
you said:

"Connected to localhost.localdomain.
Escape character is '^]'."

so you get answer, but what did you expect?
if your main.conf doesn't tell smtpd to say exactly something more about himself, it just said what you see.
now you must proceed to smtp conversation with introducing yourself with helo or ehlo command.

i thought you did "netsat -la" command and there wasn't smtp or 25 port listed.
mis-configured smtpd deamon will hang quickly after smtp session starts and you can see reason in mail.log.

Last edited by Andronik; 06-15-2005 at 09:06 AM.
 
Old 06-15-2005, 01:08 PM   #3
cccc
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Registered: Sep 2003
Distribution: Debian Squeeze / Wheezy
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telnet localhost 25
doesn't get any answer and console is hanging.

I expect the following answer:

# telnet localhost 25
Trying 127.0.0.1...
Connected to localhost.localdomain.
Escape character is '^]'.
220 localhost.localdomain ESMTP Postfix (Debian/GNU)
 
Old 06-15-2005, 01:14 PM   #4
Andronik
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Location: Estonia Tartu
Distribution: Debian, edition depends on what i run it, wheezy on main box.
Posts: 91

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Quote:
Originally posted by cccc
telnet localhost 25
doesn't get any answer and console is hanging.

I expect the following answer:

# telnet localhost 25
Trying 127.0.0.1...
Connected to localhost.localdomain.
Escape character is '^]'.
220 localhost.localdomain ESMTP Postfix (Debian/GNU)
then check first half of my 1 post.
 
Old 06-15-2005, 01:23 PM   #5
cccc
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Registered: Sep 2003
Distribution: Debian Squeeze / Wheezy
Posts: 1,623

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thanks,

I solved this problem !

I have removed postfix.

# base-config
-> install packets -> install mail server

I've installed postfix again

removed following links:

update-rc.d -f exim remove

and configured:

# dpkg-reconfigure --priority=low postfix


p.s.
Code:
# tail -f /var/log/mail.log
helps a lot

greetings
cccc

Last edited by cccc; 06-25-2005 at 10:24 AM.
 
  


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