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Introduction to Linux - A Hands on Guide
This guide was created as an overview of the Linux Operating System, geared toward new users as an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter.
For more advanced trainees it can be a desktop reference, and a collection of the base knowledge needed to proceed with system and network administration. This book contains many real life examples derived from the author's experience as a Linux system and network administrator, trainer and consultant. They hope these examples will help you to get a better understanding of the Linux system and that you feel encouraged to try out things on your own.
Click Here to receive this Complete Guide absolutely free.
#Please note these are #
#very basic commands and #
#are shown to help the new #
startx: loads the GUI
cp: used to copy files
ln: used to create symbolic links
rm: used to remove files
mv: used to move and rename files
pwd: used to show the directory in which you are
ls: used to list files in a folder
ls -a: used to list files in a folder, including hidden
cd: change directories
cd ~: change directories to your home directory
touch: used to create
umount: used to unmount hardware such as floppy
mount: used to mount hardware such as floppy
gedit: a very easy text editor
vi: a stantard Unix text editor
pico: another text editor
tail: follow a file as it grows, good for tracing errors
w: used to look at whos logged in
mkdir: makes a directory
rmdir: removes a directory
adduser: add's a user
deluser: deletes a user
wget: get something off the web
lsmod: list's loaded modules
su: Log into root if you are on a normal user
shutdown -h now
shutdown -r now
#First you must uncompress it, for the following example I#
#use a .tar.gz#
#Please note you must be root to do this, if you are not, use the#
tar -xzvf file.tar.gz
#Please note it might be a good idea to see if there is a readme#
#and install, if you are unfarmiliar with what you are installing#
#there may be arguements of which you need to know.#
#If you are trying to get something like a driver off of your floppy here#
#is an easy way how to:#
1. Have the floppy drive empty
2. Run the command: umount /dev/fd0
3. Insert the floppy
4. Run the command: mount /dev/fd0
5. cd /mount/floppy