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Old 04-20-2007, 01:38 PM   #1
armandino101
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Registered: Oct 2006
Distribution: Ubuntu
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Bash question


Hi,

say you have a file like this:

Code:
-- comment 1
This
is
the first
line

-- comment 2
This is the
second line

-- comment 3
And this is the third
and you want to generate this


Code:
-- comment 1
This is the first line

-- comment 2
This is the second line

-- comment 3
And this is the third
What's the easiest/shortest way to do this?

Thanks advance,
A.
 
Old 04-20-2007, 02:27 PM   #2
druuna
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Hi,

Don't know if this is easy or even short (enough), but it works:
Code:
#!/usr/bin/perl
# splitter.pl
# Usage: splitter.pl <infile>

use strict;
use warnings;

my $inFile="$ARGV[0]";

open(FH,$inFile);
while (<FH>) {
  chomp;
  print "$_\n" if ( /^-- comment/ );
  print "$_ "  if ( !/^-- comment/ );
  print "\n\n" if ( /^$/ );
}

close FH;
I could not come up with a one-liner.........

Hope this helps.
 
Old 04-20-2007, 03:03 PM   #3
drawde83
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Location: New Zealand
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ok this almost works

Code:
cat comment.txt|sed '/^[[:alpha:]]/N;s/\n/ /'

Last edited by drawde83; 04-20-2007 at 07:33 PM. Reason: idn't use code tags before, sorry
 
Old 04-20-2007, 03:57 PM   #4
druuna
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Hi again,

Here's a (semi) one-liner:
Code:
cat infile | tr "\n" " " | sed -e 's/\(-- comment [1-9][0-9]* \)/\1\
/g' -e 's/  -/\
\
/g'
I like the perl script a lot better, but this one can be executed from the command line......
 
Old 04-20-2007, 03:58 PM   #5
drawde83
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It's not pretty and it can probably be made simpler but it's all on one line and it works.
Code:
cat comment.txt|tr '\n' ' '| sed -e 's/--/\n\n--/g' -e "s/\([[:digit:]]\)/\1\n/g"
 
Old 04-20-2007, 04:02 PM   #6
druuna
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ROFL

Almost the same solution within the minute

drawde83's version using \n in the sed statement could fail on certain platforms, that's why I choose the 'multi-line' one-liner....

If it works on your platform, use that one.
 
Old 04-24-2007, 12:18 PM   #7
armandino101
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Registered: Oct 2006
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Thanks for the replies!

drawde, your first script almost works like you said..

druuna, I should have also mentioned that comment 1, 2, 3 can be anything and doesn't have to end with a digit. Basically if a string starts with '--' it's a comment.

The file actually represents a long sql script where i need to strip off the formatting, ie the new lines. If you have any other ideas please post!
 
  


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