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Old 08-28-2018, 10:28 AM   #1
kjhambrick
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The Latest Intel Microcode Update


All --

Intel released an updated microcode set at: Linux* Processor Microcode Data File ( 20180807a )

I can't tell what if anything is different from 20180807.

Maybe it was released simply to release a newer, more liberal license ?

HTH.

-- kjh
 
Old 08-28-2018, 10:41 AM   #2
ponce
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I have expanded the two tarballs and run diff on the content
Code:
diff -Naur 1/license 2/license
--- 1/license   2018-08-07 16:35:44.000000000 +0200
+++ 2/license   2018-08-23 21:34:09.000000000 +0200
@@ -1,332 +1,37 @@
-SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT
+Copyright (c) 2018 Intel Corporation.
+All rights reserved.
 
-DO NOT DOWNLOAD, INSTALL, ACCESS, COPY, OR USE ANY PORTION OF THE SOFTWARE 
-UNTIL YOU HAVE READ AND ACCEPTED THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THIS AGREEMENT. BY 
-INSTALLING, COPYING, ACCESSING, OR USING THE SOFTWARE, YOU AGREE TO BE LEGALLY 
-BOUND BY THE TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF THIS AGREEMENT. If You do not agree to be 
-bound by, or the entity for whose benefit You act has not authorized You to 
-accept, these terms and conditions, do not install, access, copy, or use the 
-Software and destroy all copies of the Software in Your possession. 
+Redistribution.
 
-This SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT (this "Agreement") is entered into between 
-Intel Corporation, a Delaware corporation ("Intel") and You. "You" refers to 
-you or your employer or other entity for whose benefit you act, as applicable. 
-If you are agreeing to the terms and conditions of this Agreement on behalf of 
-a company or other legal entity, you represent and warrant that you have the 
-legal authority to bind that legal entity to the Agreement, in which case, 
-"You" or "Your" shall be in reference to such entity. Intel and You are 
-referred to herein individually as a "Party" or, together, as the "Parties".
-The Parties, in consideration of the mutual covenants contained in this 
-Agreement, and for other good and valuable consideration, the receipt and 
-sufficiency of which they acknowledge, and intending to be legally bound, agree 
-as follows:  
-
-1. PURPOSE. You seek to obtain, and Intel desires to provide You, under the 
-terms of this Agreement, Software solely for Your efforts to develop and 
-distribute products integrating Intel hardware and Intel software. "Software" 
-refers to certain software or other collateral, including, but not limited to, 
-related components, operating system, application program interfaces, device 
-drivers, associated media, printed or electronic documentation and any updates, 
-upgrades or releases thereto associated with Intel product(s), software or 
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-2. LIMITED LICENSE. Conditioned on Your compliance with the terms and 
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-7. CONFIDENTIALITY. The terms and conditions of this Agreement, exchanged 
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-11. TERMINATION AND SURVIVAL. Intel may terminate this Agreement for any reason 
-with thirty (30) days' notice and immediately if You or someone acting on Your 
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-termination, You will immediately destroy and ensure the destruction of the 
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-this Agreement, all licenses granted to You hereunder terminate immediately. 
-All Sections of this Agreement, except Section 2, will survive termination. 
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-12. GOVERNING LAW AND JURISDICTION. This Agreement and any dispute arising out 
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-
-13. EXPORT REGULATIONS/EXPORT CONTROL. You agree that neither You nor Your 
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-in 48 C.F.R. 2.101) consisting of commercial computer software and commercial 
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-You will not provide the Software to the U.S. Government. Contractor or 
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-
-APPENDIX A
-INTEL END USER SOFTWARE LICENSE AGREEMENT
-
-IMPORTANT - READ BEFORE COPYING, INSTALLING OR USING.
-THE FOLLOWING NOTICE, OR TERMS AND CONDITIONS SUBSTANTIALLY IDENTICAL IN NATURE 
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-ensure that the distribution and export/re-export or import of the Software 
-complies with all laws, regulations, orders, or other restrictions of the U.S. 
-Export Administration Regulations and the appropriate foreign government.
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-APPLICABLE LAWS. This Agreement and any dispute arising out of or relating to 
-it will be governed by the laws of the U.S.A. and Delaware, without regard to 
-conflict of laws principles. The Parties to this Agreement exclude the 
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-Sale of Goods (1980). The state and federal courts sitting in Delaware, U.S.A. 
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-identified in this section may enforce that judgment in any court that has 
-jurisdiction over the Parties.
-
-Licensee's specific rights may vary from country to country.
+Redistribution and use in binary form, without modification, are permitted,
+provided that the following conditions are met:
 
+1.  Redistributions must reproduce the above copyright notice and the
+    following disclaimer in the documentation and/or other materials provided
+    with the distribution.
+
+2.  Neither the name of Intel Corporation nor the names of its suppliers may
+    be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software without
+    specific prior written permission.
+
+3.  No reverse engineering, decompilation, or disassembly of this software
+    is permitted.
+
+
+"Binary form" includes any format that is commonly used for electronic
+conveyance that is a reversible, bit-exact translation of binary
+representation to ASCII or ISO text, for example "uuencode".
+
+DISCLAIMER.
+
+THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND CONTRIBUTORS "AS IS"
+AND ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
+IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
+ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE COPYRIGHT OWNER OR CONTRIBUTORS BE
+LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR
+CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF
+SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS
+INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN
+CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE)
+ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE
+POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
so, yes, it looks like only the license file changes.
 
5 members found this post helpful.
Old 08-28-2018, 12:39 PM   #3
jchris93
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I appreciate this subject/topic. I did some searches but could not find a definitive (well, understandable to my feeble brain) answer.

My laptop has a AMD Quad CPU. I am being prompted to install the intel-microcode, but am unsure about this. Linux Mint 19.

Other chips on the motherboard? It's a Pavilion-g6 Notebook.

Thank you all, and I do appreciate your knowledge of these matters.
 
Old 08-28-2018, 12:40 PM   #4
abga
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There were some tensions recently related to the microcode license Intel pushed out:
https://www.theregister.co.uk/2018/0...ocode_license/
"Intel's gagging order came in the form of this license clause: "You will not, and will not allow any third party to … publish or provide any Software benchmark or comparison test results." That made it impossible for free-software bastion Debian to push Intel's microcode to its users as a security update."

Last edited by abga; 08-28-2018 at 12:59 PM. Reason: typo
 
3 members found this post helpful.
Old 08-28-2018, 07:48 PM   #5
55020
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Quote:
Originally Posted by jchris93 View Post
My laptop has a AMD Quad CPU. I am being prompted to install the intel-microcode, but am unsure about this. Linux Mint 19.
You posted this in the Slackware forum. Thanks for the laugh. It won't make any difference at all whether you install it or not.
 
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Old 08-28-2018, 07:56 PM   #6
jchris93
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So how does this apply to Puppy Linux? Thanks!
 
Old 08-29-2018, 02:00 AM   #7
55020
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Quote:
Originally Posted by jchris93 View Post
So how does this apply to Puppy Linux? Thanks!
Please don't start asking about your random distros in here. I already gave you the answer that applies to all of them. It won't make any difference at all whether you install it or not, except maybe your stupid distros will stop moaning.
 
1 members found this post helpful.
Old 08-29-2018, 04:17 AM   #8
jchris93
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Unhappy Ruh roh!

The question was as to the micro code. The distro reference was tongue-in-cheek. Please accept my utmost apologies.

But as a gentleman and a scholar, no sense of humour, going rate for your nuts via Tor? Priceless.

Last edited by jchris93; 08-29-2018 at 04:33 AM.
 
Old 08-29-2018, 04:56 AM   #9
fatmac
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Ha, ha, some Slackers can get annoyed at others who don't conform, but this is the Slack thread.

Check to see if your distro has any patches for your distros kernel.
 
Old 08-29-2018, 05:15 AM   #10
brianL
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Quote:
Originally Posted by fatmac View Post
Ha, ha, some Slackers can get annoyed at others who don't conform, but this is the Slack thread.
Yeah, typical Yorkshire response.
We're a bit more civilized o'er tops.
 
Old 09-01-2018, 07:31 PM   #11
kjhambrick
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Original Poster
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Greg KH discusses how Intel Borked the disclusure of S&M in this eWeek Article: Linux Kernel Developer Criticizes Intel for Meltdown, Spectre Response

Most interesting / important is the last section Fixing the Flaws where he Greg KH says to not run untrusted code on 4.4.y

Maybe it's time I bumped my Slackware 14.2 Kernels to 4.9.y, 4.14.y or 4.19.y ... ?

-- kjh
 
1 members found this post helpful.
Old 09-01-2018, 08:43 PM   #12
abga
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Wondering why is the article only focusing on Intel? The Spectre class of vulnerabilities are affecting pretty much all modern CPUs.
When these vulnerabilities went public I remember writing in the Slackware security thread that I was hoping all of them will get mitigated on microcode level.
Now, with the latest developments including compromises related to performance implications related to microcode-only mitigations, I feel like this has turned into a bad joke :

You upgrade the hinges (microcode), change the lock/cylinder (kernel) and leave a sticker on the door reading:
"Dear thieves, I have improved hinges and a new lock, please do not come with an older key, one that will make all these improvements useless. Instead, why don't you try my neighbor's door, he has a new lock but I know he hasn't improved his hinges. Buy me a beer for the tip!"

Last edited by abga; 09-01-2018 at 09:16 PM. Reason: firmware = microcode
 
Old 09-01-2018, 10:10 PM   #13
abga
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@kjhambrick
But he talks about the kernel releases in his own blog post, the one you presented recently in the Latest Kernel Release thread, remember?
https://www.linuxquestions.org/quest...ml#post5895890

4.4.y is Older LTS release and he writes about it:
"
There is one huge caveat when using a kernel like this. The number of security fixes that get backported are not as great as with the latest LTS release, because the traditional model of the devices that use these older LTS kernels is a much more reduced user model. These kernels are not to be used in any type of “general computing” model where you have untrusted users or virtual machines, as the ability to do some of the recent Spectre-type fixes for older releases is greatly reduced, if present at all in some branches.
"

According to that blog post, the 4.9.y is also "older LTS releases that are still being maintained" much like 4.4.y, in the same category, which leads me to believe that he's proposing the use of:
- 4.14.67 is the latest LTS release
 
Old 09-02-2018, 02:11 AM   #14
drgibbon
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Quote:
Originally Posted by jchris93 View Post
But as a gentleman and a scholar, no sense of humour, going rate for your nuts via Tor? Priceless.
This is not easy to understand!
 
Old 09-02-2018, 02:55 AM   #15
Petri Kaukasoina
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Quote:
Originally Posted by abga View Post
leads me to believe that he's proposing the use of:
- 4.14.67 is the latest LTS release
Read again. (The right answer is the latest stable release 4.18.5)

Quote:
Summary

So, here’s a short list of different types of devices, and what I would recommend for their kernels:

Laptop / Desktop: Latest stable release
Server: Latest stable release or latest LTS release
Embedded device: Latest LTS release or older LTS release if the security model used is very strong and tight.

And as for me, what do I run on my machines? My laptops run the latest development kernel (i.e. Linus’s development tree) plus whatever kernel changes I am currently working on and my servers run the latest stable release. So despite being in charge of the LTS releases, I don’t run them myself, except in testing systems. I rely on the development and latest stable releases to ensure that my machines are running the fastest and most secure releases that we know how to create at this point in time.
 
  


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