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Old 09-01-2004, 11:22 PM   #1
Registered: Aug 2004
Location: Atlanta
Distribution: Slackware
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Question xterm, rxvt, aterm, eterm, profiles? colors?

Hello all.

I am using slack10 with blackbox. When I am not in X my terminal displays directories in blue and other files in different colors. When I run X and blackbox, and then open up an xterm it only displays black and white. No color difference in files listed. All files are listed in black, but when I su to root, It uses a color scheme or profile or something like that. I would like to change the profile so that my user also displays files with different colors. I am suer there has to be a profile or something that I cany edit, or copy the root profile. I have read the man page for rxvt which I have been using. (I guess its supposed to be a little faster than xterm) How can I edit the profile for my user.

I would also like rxvt or xterm to open with the above plus a different fg and bg. (something easier on the eyes than black on white...) :-)

If I can I will install aterm or eterm, for the transparency, but I have tried in the past and I could never get it to compile transparency into it. Which do you prefer and why? Aterm or Xterm?


Old 09-02-2004, 04:20 AM   #2
Senior Member
Registered: Sep 2003
Location: Sweden
Distribution: Debian
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Try opening an xterm and type alias ls='ls --color -F' and then do a regular ls command. Chances are you have colors set in your ~/.bashrc but it is not used since the terminal isn't a login shell. Open up ~/.bash_profile (create it if it doesn't exist) and add the following lines:
if [ -e ~/.bashrc ]
    source ~/.bashrc
This will make sure your ~/.bashrc is always parsed no matter how you start the shell, and if you have listing colors set in your ~/.bashrc these will be activated when you start an xterm for instance.
An alternative would be simply adding the alias command I used above to your ~/.bash_profile.


Last edited by hw-tph; 09-02-2004 at 04:22 AM.
Old 09-02-2004, 05:54 PM   #3
Registered: Aug 2004
Location: Minneapolis, MN, USA
Distribution: Slackware 13.1
Posts: 82

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Out-of-the-box, my Slack 10 installation was setting ls_colors from /etc/profile ...

gplacek, I found this post useful for the same problem:

So, created a ~/.bashrc with this line:

alias ls='/usr/bin/ls $LS_OPTIONS'

and got colors everywhere.

My question is: where is LS_OPTIONS being set? I don't see it being set in /etc/profile, and I don't have any of the other rc files which would be run by bash according to the bash manpage.
Old 09-07-2004, 10:08 PM   #4
Registered: Aug 2004
Location: Atlanta
Distribution: Slackware
Posts: 56

Original Poster
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I created a .bashrc file with the alias line you suggested, and it worked. Just like you said "colors everywhere" :-)


I first tried creating a .bashrc file with the code you suggested, however when I did this it did not work. (might have been my fault. (by the way are there any "--> tabs" in your code? I might have typed it wrong. I used a tab in there once. After I created the .bashrc file with your code and tried to open xterm, it gave no $ and closed or killed itself right after I start typing in anything. Puzzling, but if I typed some of your code wrong then that might be the problem.

Thanks for all the help guys... :-)

Well Well Well... I SEE WHAT I HAVE DONE WRONG, Guess it pays to read things twice... HW-tph, I'm sorry It was totally my error. I tried to create a .bashrc, when if fact I should heve been creating a .bash-profile . Well thats what I get for not reading... Ok, I tried your first idea correctly this time but I had no luck, no color. however using your second Idea will most likley work just as well.


I have to ask the same question as Skazi "where is LS_OPTIONS being set?" Also can I add something to my .bashrc about using -fg and -bg colors. I know I will have to tweak it a little bit because some of the colors in the LS_OPTIONS might be hard to see on a black backround.

Once again.. You have all been LOADS of help... Thanks millions
Old 10-24-2004, 09:01 PM   #5
Senior Member
Registered: Nov 2002
Location: pikes peak
Distribution: Slackware, LFS
Posts: 2,577

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Originally posted by Skazi
My question is: where is LS_OPTIONS being set? I don't see it being set in /etc/profile, and I don't have any of the other rc files which would be run by bash according to the bash manpage.
Originally posted by gplacek

I have to ask the same question as Skazi "where is LS_OPTIONS being set?"
man ls shows this...........
The variable POSIXLY_CORRECT determines the choice of
unit. If it is not set, then the variable TABSIZE deter-
mines the number of chars per tab stop. The variable
COLUMNS (when it contains the representation of a decimal
integer) determines the output column width (for use with
the -C option). Filenames must not be truncated to make
them fit a multi-column output.

SAGES and LC_TIME have the usual meaning. The variable TZ
gives the time zone for time strings written by ls. The
variable LS_COLORS is used to specify the colors used.
The variable LS_OPTIONS gives default options.

The variable QUOTING_STYLE is used to specify the default
value for the --quoting-style option. It currently
defaults to literal, though the authors have warned that
this default may change to shell in some future version of
the man pages are your friend...............


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