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Old 04-07-2011, 03:56 PM   #1
whycali
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Question tar.bz2 exception to --exclude?


I'm writing a script to backup a joomla site. I'd like to exclude every file EXCEPT the index.html file in the /cache /tmp and /administrator/cache directories, but can't figure out how to do it. Here's my command line:

Code:
tar -cjf test.tar.bz2 joomla_16 joomla_16/cache/index.html joomla_16/cache/index.html joomla_16/administrator/cache/index.html --exclude "cache/*" --exclude "_*" --exclude "administrator/cache/*" --exclude "tmp/*"
This creates the archive, excludes the three directories but does not include the index.html files.

Thanks!

Mike

Last edited by whycali; 04-07-2011 at 03:58 PM.
 
Old 04-07-2011, 04:28 PM   #2
Snark1994
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Well, a simple way would be to add the line

Code:
tar -Ajf test.tar.bz2 /cache/index.html /tmp/index.html /administrator/cache/tmp/index.html
 
Old 04-07-2011, 04:52 PM   #3
whycali
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That makes sense, but I got this error when I tried it:

Code:
tar: Cannot concatenate compressed archives
Try `tar --help' or `tar --usage' for more information.
 
Old 04-08-2011, 01:32 PM   #4
Snark1994
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Ah, okay, what you can do is this (just tried it, so it definitely works... at least on my PC):

Code:
tar -cf test.tar joomla_16 joomla_16/cache/index.html joomla_16/cache/index.html joomla_16/administrator/cache/index.html --exclude "cache/*" --exclude "_*" --exclude "administrator/cache/*" --exclude "tmp/*"
tar -Af test.tar /cache/index.html /tmp/index.html /administrator/cache/tmp/index.html
bzip2 test.tar
This separates the two stages - one creates the test.tar file, the next appends the files you want added to it, and then you compress the completed archive
 
Old 04-08-2011, 06:23 PM   #5
whycali
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Wonderful, thanks for all your help. I'll give it a shot, but wanted to thank you first.

Mike
 
Old 04-09-2011, 04:25 AM   #6
Snark1994
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If the problem's been solved, it's considered polite to mark the thread as 'SOLVED' (there's a link at the top of the page)

And posting a thank post like you did / clicking the reputation buttons is definitely good kudos, so well done for that :P
 
Old 04-11-2011, 01:39 PM   #7
whycali
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All appears to work correctly, but it's not. When I try to open the tar.bz2 file I get this error:
Code:
tar: Skipping to next header
tar: Exiting with failure status due to previous errors
This happens on the tar -Af phase when we're adding the index.html files. What could be causing this?
 
Old 04-12-2011, 11:02 AM   #8
Snark1994
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*headslap*

So sorry. -A is appending tar files to an archive, but -r is appending files to the end of an archive. So -A would add two .tar files together, but -r would put the next file into the archive.
 
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Old 04-12-2011, 11:10 AM   #9
whycali
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[SOLVED] tar.bz2 exception to --exclude?

TYVM! That worked like a charm.... rep+++
 
  


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