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Old 03-21-2008, 06:08 AM   #1
breiko
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Problem with Postfix (process smtpd exit status 1)


Hi there,
I'm going crazy trying to run a mail server on my slicehost server.
I have followed this how to [link]

but I have problems accessing with squirrel and I thought something was wrong.

Looking at /var/log/mail* I have these errors every action I do with postfixadmin or squirrel:

Code:
Mar 21 11:03:37 rory postfix/smtpd[29308]: fatal: need service transport:endpoint instead of "inet"

==> /var/log/mail.info <==
Mar 21 11:03:37 rory postfix/smtpd[29308]: fatal: need service transport:endpoint instead of "inet"

==> /var/log/mail.log <==
Mar 21 11:03:37 rory postfix/smtpd[29308]: fatal: need service transport:endpoint instead of "inet"

==> /var/log/mail.warn <==
Mar 21 11:03:37 rory postfix/smtpd[29308]: fatal: need service transport:endpoint instead of "inet"

==> /var/log/mail.info <==
Mar 21 11:03:38 rory postfix/master[29286]: warning: process /usr/lib/postfix/smtpd pid 29308 exit status 1
Mar 21 11:03:38 rory postfix/master[29286]: warning: /usr/lib/postfix/smtpd: bad command startup -- throttling

==> /var/log/mail.log <==
Mar 21 11:03:38 rory postfix/master[29286]: warning: process /usr/lib/postfix/smtpd pid 29308 exit status 1
Mar 21 11:03:38 rory postfix/master[29286]: warning: /usr/lib/postfix/smtpd: bad command startup -- throttling

==> /var/log/mail.warn <==
Mar 21 11:03:38 rory postfix/master[29286]: warning: process /usr/lib/postfix/smtpd pid 29308 exit status 1
Mar 21 11:03:38 rory postfix/master[29286]: warning: /usr/lib/postfix/smtpd: bad command startup -- throttling
I can't figure out what is wrong.. All my config files seems ok but I maybe did some mistake somewhere..

Cheers!
 
Old 03-21-2008, 06:09 AM   #2
breiko
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https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Po...temHowto%29%29

.. the how-to I followed..
 
Old 03-21-2008, 06:20 AM   #3
billymayday
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It's probably something in master.cf. Can you post /etc/postfix/master.cf and also the output of sudo postconf -n
 
Old 03-21-2008, 08:21 AM   #4
breiko
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Of course..

Code:
breiko@rory:~$ sudo cat /etc/postfix/master.cf 
#
# Postfix master process configuration file.  For details on the format
# of the file, see the master(5) manual page (command: "man 5 master").
#
# ==========================================================================
# service type  private unpriv  chroot  wakeup  maxproc command + args
#               (yes)   (yes)   (yes)   (never) (100)
# ==========================================================================
smtp      inet  n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
#submission inet n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
#  -o smtpd_enforce_tls=yes
#  -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
#  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
#smtps     inet  n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
#  -o smtpd_tls_wrappermode=yes
#  -o smtpd_sasl_auth_enable=yes
#  -o smtpd_client_restrictions=permit_sasl_authenticated,reject
#628      inet  n       -       -       -       -       qmqpd
pickup    fifo  n       -       -       60      1       pickup
cleanup   unix  n       -       -       -       0       cleanup
qmgr      fifo  n       -       n       300     1       qmgr
#qmgr     fifo  n       -       -       300     1       oqmgr
tlsmgr    unix  -       -       -       1000?   1       tlsmgr
rewrite   unix  -       -       -       -       -       trivial-rewrite
bounce    unix  -       -       -       -       0       bounce
defer     unix  -       -       -       -       0       bounce
trace     unix  -       -       -       -       0       bounce
verify    unix  -       -       -       -       1       verify
flush     unix  n       -       -       1000?   0       flush
proxymap  unix  -       -       n       -       -       proxymap
smtp      unix  -       -       -       -       -       smtp
# When relaying mail as backup MX, disable fallback_relay to avoid MX loops
relay     unix  -       -       -       -       -       smtp
        -o smtp_fallback_relay=
#       -o smtp_helo_timeout=5 -o smtp_connect_timeout=5
showq     unix  n       -       -       -       -       showq
error     unix  -       -       -       -       -       error
retry     unix  -       -       -       -       -       error
discard   unix  -       -       -       -       -       discard
local     unix  -       n       n       -       -       local
virtual   unix  -       n       n       -       -       virtual
lmtp      unix  -       -       -       -       -       lmtp
anvil     unix  -       -       -       -       1       anvil
scache    unix  -       -       -       -       1       scache
#
# ====================================================================
# Interfaces to non-Postfix software. Be sure to examine the manual
# pages of the non-Postfix software to find out what options it wants.
#
# Many of the following services use the Postfix pipe(8) delivery
# agent.  See the pipe(8) man page for information about ${recipient}
# and other message envelope options.
# ====================================================================
#
# maildrop. See the Postfix MAILDROP_README file for details.
# Also specify in main.cf: maildrop_destination_recipient_limit=1
#
maildrop  unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=DRhu user=vmail argv=/usr/bin/maildrop -d ${recipient}
#
# See the Postfix UUCP_README file for configuration details.
#
uucp      unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=Fqhu user=uucp argv=uux -r -n -z -a$sender - $nexthop!rmail ($recipient)
#
# Other external delivery methods.
#
ifmail    unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=F user=ftn argv=/usr/lib/ifmail/ifmail -r $nexthop ($recipient)
bsmtp     unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=Fq. user=bsmtp argv=/usr/lib/bsmtp/bsmtp -t$nexthop -f$sender $recipient
scalemail-backend unix  -       n       n       -       2       pipe
  flags=R user=scalemail argv=/usr/lib/scalemail/bin/scalemail-store ${nexthop} ${user} ${extension}
mailman   unix  -       n       n       -       -       pipe
  flags=FR user=list argv=/usr/lib/mailman/bin/postfix-to-mailman.py
  ${nexthop} ${user}
Code:
breiko@rory:~$ sudo postconf -n
alias_database = hash:/etc/aliases
alias_maps = hash:/etc/aliases
append_dot_mydomain = no
biff = no
broken_sasl_auth_clients = yes
config_directory = /etc/postfix
home_mailbox = Maildir/
inet_interfaces = all
mailbox_command = 
mailbox_size_limit = 0
mydestination = 
myhostname = localhost
mynetworks = all
myorigin = /etc/mailname
recipient_delimiter = +
relayhost = 
smtp_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${queue_directory}/smtp_scache
smtpd_banner = $myhostname ESMTP $mail_name (Ubuntu)
smtpd_recipient_restrictions = reject_unauth_pipelining, permit_mynetworks, permit_sasl_authenticated, reject_non_fqdn_recipient, reject_unauth_destination, check_policy_service inet
smtpd_sasl_auth_enable = yes
smtpd_sasl_local_domain = 
smtpd_sasl_path = /etc/postfix/sasl:/usr/lib/sasl2
smtpd_sasl_security_options = noanonymous
smtpd_sender_restrictions = permit_sasl_authenticated, permit_mynetworks, reject_non_fqdn_sender, reject_unknown_sender_domain, reject_unauth_pipelining, permit
smtpd_tls_cert_file = /etc/ssl/certs/ssl-cert-snakeoil.pem
smtpd_tls_key_file = /etc/ssl/private/ssl-cert-snakeoil.key
smtpd_tls_session_cache_database = btree:${queue_directory}/smtpd_scache
smtpd_use_tls = yes
virtual_alias_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql_virtual_alias_maps.cf
virtual_gid_maps = static:5000
virtual_mailbox_base = /home/vmail
virtual_mailbox_domains = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql_virtual_domains_maps.cf
virtual_mailbox_limit = 51200000
virtual_mailbox_maps = mysql:/etc/postfix/mysql_virtual_mailbox_maps.cf
virtual_minimum_uid = 5000
virtual_transport = virtual
virtual_uid_maps = static:5000
 
Old 03-21-2008, 02:35 PM   #5
billymayday
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I'll have a more detailed look a bit later, but most importantly, are you trying to ruin Postfix chrooted? If not, you need to put "n"s in the relevant column in master (take a backup first please).

Eg change

Code:
# ==========================================================================
# service type  private unpriv  chroot  wakeup  maxproc command + args
#               (yes)   (yes)   (yes)   (never) (100)
# ==========================================================================
smtp      inet  n       -       -       -       -       smtpd
to

Code:
# ==========================================================================
# service type  private unpriv  chroot  wakeup  maxproc command + args
#               (yes)   (yes)   (yes)   (never) (100)
# ==========================================================================
smtp      inet  n       -       n       -       -       smtpd
Also, myorigin should be a domain such as example.com.

As I said, I'll have a better look later. Don't forget to restart Postfix after changing master.cf.
 
Old 03-21-2008, 05:54 PM   #6
breiko
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What I am trying to do is to create a Virtual Mail System.. this is the howto I followed (previous one was wrong, sorry about that): https://help.ubuntu.com/community/Po...ailSystemHowto

Quote:
are you trying to ruin Postfix chrooted?
Yes, I'm trying to run postfix chrooted.

Quote:
Also, myorigin should be a domain such as example.com.
I found something here, myhostname was localhost instead of mail.domain.com .
I have done this but still the same results:

Code:
==> /var/log/mail.err <==
Mar 21 22:44:57 rory postfix/smtpd[32331]: fatal: need service transport:endpoint instead of "inet"

==> /var/log/mail.info <==
Mar 21 22:44:57 rory postfix/smtpd[32331]: fatal: need service transport:endpoint instead of "inet"

==> /var/log/mail.log <==
Mar 21 22:44:57 rory postfix/smtpd[32331]: fatal: need service transport:endpoint instead of "inet"

==> /var/log/mail.warn <==
Mar 21 22:44:57 rory postfix/smtpd[32331]: fatal: need service transport:endpoint instead of "inet"

==> /var/log/mail.info <==
Mar 21 22:44:58 rory postfix/master[32312]: warning: process /usr/lib/postfix/smtpd pid 32331 exit status 1
Mar 21 22:44:58 rory postfix/master[32312]: warning: /usr/lib/postfix/smtpd: bad command startup -- throttling

==> /var/log/mail.log <==
Mar 21 22:44:58 rory postfix/master[32312]: warning: process /usr/lib/postfix/smtpd pid 32331 exit status 1
Mar 21 22:44:58 rory postfix/master[32312]: warning: /usr/lib/postfix/smtpd: bad command startup -- throttling

==> /var/log/mail.warn <==
Mar 21 22:44:58 rory postfix/master[32312]: warning: process /usr/lib/postfix/smtpd pid 32331 exit status 1
Mar 21 22:44:58 rory postfix/master[32312]: warning: /usr/lib/postfix/smtpd: bad command startup -- throttling
 
Old 03-22-2008, 07:31 AM   #7
billymayday
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I still think it's a chroot issue. Looking at the chroot troubleshooting at www.postfix.org, they suggest taking of copy master.cf and de-chrooting the working copy. I'd certainly give that a go first - if it works great, if not, at least you've ruled out a possible cause.
 
Old 03-22-2008, 07:50 AM   #8
billymayday
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Stupid question, but you did populate all the mysql tables referred to by postfix didn't you?
 
Old 03-22-2008, 01:21 PM   #9
farslayer
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And when you run postfix check, it shows no errors in your config ? sometimes that will point you to a simple error in your config..
 
Old 03-24-2008, 08:53 AM   #10
breiko
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Quote:
Originally Posted by billymayday View Post
Stupid question, but you did populate all the mysql tables referred to by postfix didn't you?
Yes, the tables are been populated by postfixadmin.

Quote:
Originally Posted by billymayday View Post
And when you run postfix check, it shows no errors in your config ? sometimes that will point you to a simple error in your config..
Postfix check doesn't show any errors.


So, I tried to rewrite all the config files after installing postfix again. This seems to fix some problems but after I created a domain and a mailbox I can't connect with squirrelmail to the mailbox.
What I can't do is configure squirrelmail to access the mysql db where postfixadmin saved mailbox data.

Error connecting to IMAP server: localhost.
111 : Connection refused

Last edited by breiko; 03-24-2008 at 08:55 AM.
 
Old 03-24-2008, 03:55 PM   #11
billymayday
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When you set up postfix, get a basic setup working, then add components one at a time if possible. Squirrelmail shouldn't be an issue intul everything else works.

That said, did you run the config program for squirrelmail (conf.pl)
 
Old 03-25-2008, 05:53 AM   #12
breiko
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Quote:
Originally Posted by billymayday View Post
When you set up postfix, get a basic setup working, then add components one at a time if possible. Squirrelmail shouldn't be an issue intul everything else works.

That said, did you run the config program for squirrelmail (conf.pl)
You are absolutely right. Actually I don't see anymore the exit status 1 error but I'm not sure that all the things works.

So, if all is right I should be able to connect throw telnet and send an email (I suppose) but I can't.

Code:
breiko@starlight:~> telnet mail.MYDOMAIN.com 25
Trying 67.207.139.163...
Connected to mail.MYDOMAIN.com.
Escape character is '^]'.
220 mail.domain.com ESMTP Postfix (Ubuntu)
mail from: info@MYDOMAIN.com
250 2.1.0 Ok
rcpt to: carlo.etc@gmail.com
554 5.7.1 <carlo.etc@gmail.com>: Relay access denied
What happened? Why this relay access denied?
 
Old 03-25-2008, 06:23 AM   #13
billymayday
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I suspect mynetworks = all is not a valid setting (at least I can't see anything on the docs to suggest it is).

http://www.postfix.org/postconf.5.html#mynetworks

Try fixing that one up - you could leave it blank and rely on mynetworks_style if you don't have an external IP connected - but I suspect you do. Be careful you don't create an open relay here.
 
Old 03-25-2008, 12:15 PM   #14
breiko
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Quote:
Originally Posted by billymayday View Post
I suspect mynetworks = all is not a valid setting (at least I can't see anything on the docs to suggest it is).

http://www.postfix.org/postconf.5.html#mynetworks

Try fixing that one up - you could leave it blank and rely on mynetworks_style if you don't have an external IP connected - but I suspect you do. Be careful you don't create an open relay here.
What do you mean with don't create an open relay? I tried to fix as you suggested but I got always the same error. Relay access denied.
 
Old 03-25-2008, 12:20 PM   #15
breiko
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Quote:
Originally Posted by breiko View Post
What do you mean with don't create an open relay? I tried to fix as you suggested but I got always the same error. Relay access denied.
Ok. I think I did something stupid. I received this notification:

This is an automatic notification to let you know the IP Address 67... has been placed on one or more block-lists (see below):
http://cbl.abuseat.org/faq.html
 
  


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