Might not be much help, but since your other thread went 4 years without any replies, I thought I'd try.
It looks as if Ubuntu does not have support for your SATA controller, since it doesn't see your drive.
Second, your interrupt error looks like one that has since been patched for nForce 2 chipsets. I have successfully built one comp with a Asus M2V (VIA chipset) and another with a Asus M2N (Nvidia chipset - no SLI) in the past couple of weeks with no such error.
Did you check the Asus website? There might be a BIOS update available, if this is indeed a buggy BIOS.
What kernel version was Ubuntu using? GParted Live CD?
I'd suggest giving Slackware 11.0 a try.
Also, some Google <Linux> searching would serve you well...