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Old 07-28-2003, 02:33 AM   #1
Registered: Feb 2003
Distribution: Slackware
Posts: 78

Rep: Reputation: 15
strings with xmodmap?

Ok, I have no problem using loadkeys to assign a string to a key, but I really want this in X. How do I use xmodmap to do this?

In other words,

string F12 = "foobar"

Is cool, but

xmodmap -e "string F12 = .....?????

see the problem? How would I do this?
Old 07-28-2003, 12:39 PM   #2
Registered: Jul 2003
Location: Jette, Brussels Hoofstedelijk Gewest
Distribution: Debian sid, RedHat 9, Suse 8.2
Posts: 446

Rep: Reputation: 31
Did you do a man xmodmap?

The list of keysyms is assigned to the indicated keycode (which
may be specified in decimal, hex or octal and can be determined
by running the xev program.

The problem is that xmodmap assigns pre-defined Key Symbol Names to keys specified by the keycode number.

The definitions for the keysyms are to be found in /usr/X11R6/include/X11/keysymdef.h

Now the question arises as to whether or not you actually need to have your F12 key defined to be FooBar for all X applications, or as I suspect just an X terminal emulator.

This can be done for Xterm by setting the appropriate application default resource.

From the xterm, manual page

It is possible to rebind keys (or sequences of keys) to arbitrary
strings for input, by changing the translations for the vt100 or
tek4014 widgets.

Here is an example for the standard vt100 mode of xterm

XTerm.VT100.Translations: #override \n\
! <Key> Insert : string("\033[2~") \n\
! <Key> Home : string("\033[1~") \n\
! <Key> Prior : string("\033[5~") \n\
! <Key> Select : string("\033[3~") \n\
! <Key> End : string("\033[4~") \n\
! <Key> Next : string("\033[6~") \n\
! <Key> F1 : string("\033[11~") \n\
! <Key> F2 : string("\033[12~") \n\
! <Key> F3 : string("\033[13~") \n\
! <Key> F4 : string("\033[14~") \n\
! <Key> F5 : string("\033[15~") \n\
! <Key> F6 : string("\033[17~") \n\
! <Key> F7 : string("\033[18~") \n\
! <Key> F8 : string("\033[19~") \n\
! <Key> F9 : string("\033[20~") \n\
! <Key> F10 : string("\033[21~") \n\
! <Key> F11 : string("\033[23~") \n\
! <Key> F12 : string("\033[24~") \n

If you wish to do this for other X terminal emulators (aterm, eterm, rxvt) then please consult the corresponding man page for setting the appropriate resource.

Last edited by Corin; 07-28-2003 at 12:46 PM.
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