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Old 12-13-2015, 06:40 PM   #1
haertig
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Question: Network interface not coming up appropriately


I am having trouble getting a second wireless interface (external USB dongle) working the way I want it to. This dongle creates an access point off of my travel laptop.

My goal is to be able to hotplug the dongle and have the access point come up automatically.

If I have "auto wlan1" in /etc/network/interfaces, things work perfectly IF the dongle is plugged into the computer BEFORE boot. This is the only scenario I have been able to get working.

If I hotplug the dongle AFTER boot, with "auto lan1", then the interface comes up, but when clients connect, they are not given an IP address.

Ditto for if I use "allow-hotplug wlan1" in /etc/network interfaces instead of "auto wlan1".

If I manually do "ifdown wlan1" then "ifup wlan1" (using either auto or allow-hotplug) then the dongle goes down and comes up as expected, but I still do not get any ip addresses assigned to clients.

But everything works perfectly if I have the configuration files specified exactly as below ("auto wlan1"), AND the dongle is plugged into the computer BEFORE I boot the computer.

The reason I don't want to leave it like this, is because if I have "auto wlan1" and I DO NOT have the dongle plugged in BEFORE boot (which is how I will boot 90% of the time - this is my travel laptop), then the boot process takes about two minutes longer than normal and I see the following two error messages during boot: "Waiting for network configuration...", then "Waiting up to 60 more seconds for network configuration..." After those messages finally time out and the boot completes, then I find that network-manager failed to start, and I have to manually run "sudo service network-manager start".

Any ideas where my configuration mistake is, so that I can hotplug the dongle and have the interface come up AND DISPENSE IP ADDRESSES TO CLIENTS?

Thanks in advance!


OS: LinuxMint17 x64 kernel 3.13.0-24-generic

dongle: TP-Link TL-WN722N (USB)

/etc/network/interfaces:
Code:
auto lo
iface lo inet loopback
auto wlan1
#allow-hotplug wlan1
iface wlan1 inet static
hostapd /etc/hostapd/hostapd.conf
address 10.192.4.1
netmask 255.255.255.0
/etc/hostapd/hostapd.conf:
Code:
interface=wlan1
driver=nl80211
ssid=********
channel=1
hw_mode=g
ieee80211n=1
wpa=3
wpa_key_mgmt=WPA-PSK
wpa_pairwise=TKIP CCMP
wpa_passphrase=********
mcaddr_acl=0
auth_algs=1
country_code=US
ieee80211d=1
/etc/dnsmasq.conf (only showing changes I made):
Code:
interface=lo,wlan1
no-dhcp-interface=lo
dhcp-range=10.192.4.3,10.192.4.50,255.255.255.0,12h
/etc/sysctrl.conf:
Code:
net.ipv4.ip_forward=1
iptables initialization:
Code:
iptables -t nat -A POSTROUTING -s 10.192.4.0/24 ! -d 10.192.4.0/24 -j MASQUERADE
 
Old 12-13-2015, 07:11 PM   #2
ferrari
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Have you considered using Network Manager to configure the device? It can create the hotspot configuration as required, and should be able to start it when the particular device is plugged in. (No need to have it defined in /etc/network/interfaces if using NM configuration.)

http://ubuntuhandbook.org/index.php/...otspot-ubuntu/
https://www.quora.com/How-do-I-creat...n-Ubuntu-14-04
 
Old 12-14-2015, 01:19 AM   #3
haertig
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I was not aware of using Network Manager as discussed in those links. Thanks for pointing them out to me. I will research. If that works, it is sure a lot simpler that what I have done.

My use is this: Travel laptop uses it's internal WiFi to connect to hotel/motel wireless. Travel laptop establishes a VPN to my home LAN. Travel laptop brings up secondary access point using USB dongle. Other devices (additional tablets, cellphones, Roku video streamer, maybe even another laptop) connect to this secondary access point and then can access my home LAN via routing to the established VPN. The Roku will be able to stream media from my home media server over the VPN.

Many people use a "travel router" for this function. But many hotels/motels these days only have wireless internet access, no ethernet cable access. I haven't found a router that can perform both as a WiFi client AND as an access point at the same time. Plus, I always have my travel laptop with me, so why not have it perform the function? That WiFi dongle cost me a whopping $12.95 with free shipping and a free cradle (a fabulous sale at NewEgg a few months ago that I just happened to stumble into). The dongle works great - much better than the laptops built-in wireless. Plus, it can also function as an access point.

Last edited by haertig; 12-14-2015 at 01:22 AM.
 
Old 04-02-2016, 01:07 PM   #4
haertig
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I just now realized that I never came back and replied about whether user=ferrari's suggestion worked for me. It's been months, sorry for my delayed response. I just forgot.

Ferrari's suggestion worked!

I used this link that ferrari provided: http://ubuntuhandbook.org/index.php/...otspot-ubuntu/

...and followed method 3, "Using Unity’s Default Network Manager with a little hack"

Worked like a charm. Only took a few seconds to implement (after I removed all my other configuration where I had implemented a hotspot manually). No issues - worked perfectly the first time I tried it. I can hotplug my external USB WiFi adapter and the hotspot comes up/goes down as expected, with full functionality.

Thanks ferrari!
 
Old 04-02-2016, 03:58 PM   #5
ferrari
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All good. Glad to have been of help you with pointing you in the right direction with using NM to achieve your hotpot goal!
 
  


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