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Old 09-01-2003, 03:30 PM   #1
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Registered: Sep 2003
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Ok, maybe I'm not cut out for linux...

First, I want to learn linux. I'm sick of microsoft eventhough the box set mandrake 8 (my previous aborted attempt at linux) is the only OS I have ever paid for.

Second, its the installation of drivers and proggies that stumps me. I have been trying to update my nvidia drivers and cannot do it. I have the sticky and faq, etc. I know I need I edit the inittab replacing the 5 with a 3. What I do know is, and I know its simple, how in the crap do I edit it? What is the command in the terminal? I have googled the question but it is apparently too basic for anyone to actually waste webspace on.

SO your challenge, if you choose to accept it, is to wirte a tutorial that can train a chimp to change this:
x:5:respawn:/etc/X11/prefdm -nodaemon

to this:
x:3:respawn:/etc/X11/prefdm -nodaemon

with me being the chimp of course.
Old 09-01-2003, 03:40 PM   #2
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Registered: Sep 2003
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HA! Its an age old trick ! Post a stupid question, then figure it out 2 minutes later. Must be in su...must be in su...
Old 09-01-2003, 04:01 PM   #3
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Registered: Mar 2003
Distribution: Fedora
Posts: 3,658

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1.Turn on computer
2. Login

Xwindows starts and you are in a "windows-like" screen with icons and stuff to click

3. Click on the "start button"
-this will look like either a K (KDE) or a footprint (GNOME)

4. Select "System Tools" from the menu, then "Terminal"
-that will cause a little window to appear with a command line and a prompt. Like: [goosegg@localhost goosegg]$

5 Type: su -
-linux will then prompt you for a password

6. Enter the root password
-now the prompt will look something like this:
[root@localhost root]#

7. type:
cd /etc/

8. type:
vi inittab

9. Using the down arrow key, move down to the file to the line that says: x:5:respawn:/etc/X11/prefdm -nodaemon
-For me (redhat 8.0) this was at the bottom of the file and I had to press the down arrow 56 times.

10. Using the right arrow key, move over 2 spaces so that the "5" is under the cursor (highlighted)

11. Press the "r" key
-this will put vi in the "replace mode"; doesn't really matter what this means.

12. Press the "3" key
-this will magically swap the "5" with a "3"

12. Press the SHIFT and colon-semicolon( key, so that you see a : appear at the bottom left hand corner of the screen

13. Type:
and hit enter.

14. Type:
more inittab
and make sure that the edit worked.

15. Spin around in you chair yelling "w000t, w000t, I am a linux GOD!" over and over.

Just checked the post and it looks like you figured it out, but since I went through the trouble, I'll post it anyway.
Old 09-01-2003, 04:07 PM   #4
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Registered: Feb 2003
Location: Sparta, NC USA
Distribution: Ubuntu 10.04
Posts: 5,141

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Still using Mandrake? Midnight Commander makes the command line so much less mysterious.

# Mandrake links
Mandrake home page
Mandrake Users website
Easy urpmi config for Mandrake
urpmi mini-HOWTO
Easy software management: Red Carpet
Maximum RPM
You didn't install the developmental packages? As root, command:
urpmi gcc
An Introduction to the Midnight Commander. You can install it by commanding:
urpmi mc
Midnight Commander home page
Old 09-01-2003, 04:38 PM   #5
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Registered: Sep 2003
Posts: 7

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Thanks for posting!

Man was I getting frustrated. Imagine trying to figure something out in a new OS with a 3 year old on your lap that only wants to play Kasteroids!!

I'm currently using Redhat 9. My previous experiences were with mandrake 8 and 9, slackware, an abortive week of trying to compile a gentoo kernal, and now redhat. Oh, and Knoppix.

I think my core competency is downloading!
Old 09-01-2003, 04:43 PM   #6
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Registered: Feb 2003
Location: Sparta, NC USA
Distribution: Ubuntu 10.04
Posts: 5,141

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You want apt4rpm, I believe.

Try this then to change your runlevel:

To change to the full root account (system administrator), open an x terminal and use these commands from your user account. Note the change in the prompt.
[fancy@tinwhistle fancy]$ su -
[root@tinwhistle root]# pico -w /etc/inittab
# inittab	This file describes how the INIT process should set up
#               the system in a certain run-level.
# Author:	Miquel van Smoorenburg, <>
#               Modified for RHS Linux by Marc Ewing and Donnie Barnes

# Default runlevel. The runlevels used by RHS are:
#   0 - halt (Do NOT set initdefault to this)
#   1 - Single user mode
#   2 - Multiuser, without NFS (The same as 3, if you do not have networking)
#   3 - Full multiuser mode
#   4 - unused
#   5 - X11
#   6 - reboot (Do NOT set initdefault to this)
If pine is installed (it is in RH7.3), you should have that file to pop up and you can edit it.

# Red Hat links
Red Hat Linux Manuals
Get your mp3 support here
Maximum RPM
Easier software management: apt4rpm - Red Carpet
Red Hat 8.0 Tips & Tricks

# Red Hat 7.3 down configuration commands
setup leads to several configuration tools

# Red Hat 7.3 up configuration commands
Configure soundcard:
Configure X server:
Configure network:
Manage software:
Red Hat 9.0 Package Management Tool

# Handling NTFS
New Technology FileSystem (NTFS) HOWTOs
Linux NTFS project

Last edited by fancypiper; 09-01-2003 at 04:55 PM.


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