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Old 10-27-2005, 03:36 PM   #1
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Registered: Oct 2005
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directory structure question

hi everyone,

i am pretty new to linux and i just went through building a linux from scratch system. I have the basics installed. i have the basic KDE setup to get it up and running, so i don't really have any management programs yet. I know programs are supposed to be installed in /usr or /usr/local. my question is, what is a good rule to follow when installing software ie: web servers or just general programs like an email client? what software should be installed into /usr and which software should go into /usr/local or does it not really matter ?

if any one needs me to clarify anything let me know.

thanks for any replies.
Old 10-27-2005, 04:31 PM   #2
Registered: Jun 2001
Location: UK
Distribution: Gentoo, RHEL, Fedora, Centos
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there seems to be slightly different logic in what /usr/loca really means. ultimately /usr/bin etc.. is for base system programs, part of the core OS. /usr/local is for customized applications that you'd install yourself, from source etc... the difference comes in that /usr/local would be local to the individual machine when used in a netowrked enviornment. you have 1000 boxes running the same OS, they can therefore share a single /usr directory over NFS for example and run great guns. you then have a space on each machine i.e. /usr/local for local software only. so if you consider local software to be user installed software, then they are kinda identical.

Now on a standalone LFS box, the logic is just gonna fall flat on it's face really.. no networked FS, no distinction between OS and user apps... but it has it's uses.


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