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Old 05-25-2008, 12:27 PM   #16
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That sounds reasonable - certainly CPU usage impacted on my machine. My main server still has a pretty slow PCI bus (66MHz I think) so that also may impact.

Haven't done much tweaking of disks - hdparm parameters seem to be set pretty well automatically. Rather than tweaking your existing disks it would probably be simpler to buy a new disk. However, that isn't necessarily the cause of your NFS speed.

I know you've done some tweaking of NFS parameters but I'd have a look at what's happening at a packet level with NFS. It may be that something in the nature of NFS is making it unable to go faster or errors or there may be some other cause. Was NFS faster before you put gigabit in?
Old 05-27-2008, 01:19 PM   #17
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Originally Posted by stefan_nicolau View Post
dd if=/dev/sda of=/dev/null bs=1M&
iperf -s
gives 76mB/s on iperf and 30mB/s on sda, for a total of 106mB/s on the bus
dd if=/dev/hda of=/dev/null bs=1M&
dd if=/dev/sda of=/dev/null bs=1M&
iperf -s
gives 57mB/s in iperf, 13mB/s on hda and 27mB/s on sda, for a total of 97mB/s on the bus. (Performance is the same when reading from a file rather than raw disk access.)

So the bottleneck is not on the bus. What I found interesting is that the disk performance goes down by half under heavy network usage. CPU during the combined iperf/dd runs is 70sys/0id/30wa. dd uses 45% cpu. So that's the bottleneck. Maybe I should first look at lowering cpu usage for disk access (is it possible? dma and acpi are already on.)

But during an nfs operation, the cpu is 25sys/10id/65wa and I only get 18mB/s. Why is wait so high if neither device is at full speed and the cpu is not maxed?
A thought:
Are there any symlinks on your system drive involved in getting to the drive that is the NFS export? I ask because the symlink is evaluated every time the disk tries to read/write (IIRC), which would mean that your slow disk has to be hit every time you try to read the fast disk.

Regardless, changing out that *slow* system drive will only help things. For gits and shiggles, maybe load up Knoppix or Ubuntu Live & do the same nfs export to see if removing the system drive from the equation helps out.


gigabit, performance

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