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Old 05-21-2009, 03:29 AM   #1
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Some doubts about develop a linux driver.


I have develop a linux driver and it works fine.

But I have some doubts it. For example I have a PCI card with FPGA and it have two CAN ports. Anyway, I can write and read pci registers.

My problem is that I do not what happen is there are two threads with RT priority. For example thread one with priority -90 and thread two with priority -85. In this conditions, thread one can interrupt thread two. Then, my questions is, if thread two try to read 4 registers from PCI and thread one interrupt it to write other 4 register in pci card, what is the result???

I am interesting in all threads can completed all read or all write register without interrupt. I have read information about atomic and spinlock but I not sure if it is necessary.

I am very sorry if I have not explained correctly.

Best reagards.
Old 05-21-2009, 07:03 PM   #2
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Spinlocks et al are absolutely necessary. You must design your entire driver so that it uses these mechanisms correctly and appropriately. This is the solution to your problem.

Consider this: your driver code will be executed thousands of times a second. If the odds are "one in a million" that this-or-that timing problem might occur, then the odds are near-100% that the system will crash-and-burn in just a few minutes (at best).

Remember also: there may be multiple CPUs involved. Therefore, the number of timing-possibilities cannot be predicted. Your logic therefore must use kernel locking mechanisms in such a way that race-conditions cannot occur.


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