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Old 08-15-2006, 02:43 PM   #1
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Email Admins - I have a Question

OK - so we are running Postfix with ClamAV, Spamassassin, & Dovcot. This really has nothing to do with the question but it may be helpful. My question is very simple. When I add a user to out mail server, we have a temp. .txt file called "user-list.txt".

When I add a user to our mail server, I become root and I "vi" that .txt file. In that file I need to enter the users info exactly


The above example shows his username:First name:Last Name: Last 4 of SS#. I then save the .txt file and then we have a script under /usr/local/sbin called "". I run this script and it will auto generate a mail account on the server for the entries I have in the "user-list.txt".

Does anyone else find this a strange way to add / manage users to your mail server?

Also - How can I ID a user on the email server? Is there a way I can find if I am deleing Bob Smith or Bryan Smith's email account? All I can see is their home dir is "bsmith" and this tells me nothing so I am scared to delete someones info. In Exchange, I can get properties of the mailbox and see who it really belongs to.

Any advice? I will post how the script looks below in case anyone can add or make any suggestions.


# This is a script to be used to create an mail account.
#    It takes information interactively, and creates a user,
#    sets permissions on the home directory, and adds them to
#    the proper mailing lists.

IDE_USERLIST=$(sort --field-separator=: ${IDE_USERLIST_FILE} | awk -F":" '{print $1}')

echo "----------------------------"

for u in $IDE_USERLIST; do
        IDE_FIRSTNAME=$(grep "^$IDE_USERNAME:" $IDE_USERLIST_FILE | awk -F":" '{print $2}')
        IDE_LASTNAME=$(grep "^$IDE_USERNAME:" $IDE_USERLIST_FILE | awk -F":" '{print $3}')
        IDE_LASTNAME_LC=$(echo $IDE_LASTNAME | tr '[:upper:]' '[:lower:]')
        IDE_SSN_DIGITS=$(grep "^$IDE_USERNAME:" $IDE_USERLIST_FILE | awk -F":" '{print $4}')
        IDE_USER_EXISTS=$(grep -c "^$IDE_USERNAME:" /etc/passwd)
        #echo -e "USERNAME:\t$IDE_USERNAME"
        #echo -e "FULL NAME:\t$IDE_FULLNAME"
        #echo -e "PASSWORD:\t$IDE_PASSWORD"
        if [ $IDE_USER_EXISTS -eq 0 ]; then
                useradd -g users -d /home/$IDE_USERNAME -s /bin/false -c "$IDE_FULLNAME" $IDE_USERNAME && echo "User account created."
                cd $MAILMANDIR/bin
                echo "$" | ./add_members -r - everyone
                cd $PREVIOUSDIR
                echo "$IDE_PASSWORD" | passwd $IDE_USERNAME --stdin
                echo -e "USERNAME:\t$IDE_USERNAME"
                echo -e "FULL NAME:\t$IDE_FULLNAME"
                echo -e "PASSWORD:\t$IDE_PASSWORD"
                echo "*** INFO:  USER $IDE_USERNAME already exists!  Will NOT create."
        echo "----------------------------"

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Old 08-15-2006, 05:33 PM   #2
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Registered: Apr 2006
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re: Email Admins - I have a Question

I have seen a lot of scripts used to create accounts. When you are dealing with hundreds or even thousands of email addresses created in bulk, a script is the only sane way of doing it. Redhat/Fedora even has a script with the distro called newusers. The script you posted isn't necessarily what I would build, but if it does the job...

As far as determining the full name of the user, try typing: finger bsmith <enter> from the command line and it should return the info you are looking for.
Old 08-24-2006, 12:50 PM   #3
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Location: Shelbyville, TN, USA
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Also for the full name info, in addition to the finger command, that info should be stored in /etc/passwd . Or it is on my system anyways.


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