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I found that some terminal emulators fail to deal with bash startup files properly, specifically the older versions of xfterm (xfce). I built a work around by jiggering the order in which they sourced each other, which also fixed the problem of su'ing (su, not su - ) and loosing that users environment variables set in /etc/bashrc. Off the top of my head, however, I cannot recall the order and don't want to complicate the issue by getting it wrong =)
PS: Oooh, in order to find out what's going on when you a) login and b) open up a new terminal - you can always add a line similar to (unchecked for errors): `ps --$$`
That should print out the currently running file. If you add it to all the bash startup files, you can check the order of them =)
sorry but what do you mean by telling you can create it? By just creating a .bashrc and make it executable, placed it in ~/home/ and write in the source code is gona work?
You don't need to make the file executable.
From the 'man bash';
excerpt 'man bash'
When bash is invoked as an interactive login shell, or as a
on-inter-active shell with the --login option, it first reads
and executes commands from the file /etc/profile, if that file
exists. After reading that file, it looks for ~/.bash_profile,
~/.bash_login, and ~/.profile, in that order, and reads and
executes commands from the first one that exists and is
readable. The --noprofile option may be used when the shell is
started to inhibit this behavior.
Very simply create a '.bashrc' and '.bash_profile' in your home directory using your favorite editor. An example for a 'bashrc';
#08-30-06 12:20 gws copied loki:/root
#06-27-07 13:06 gws added from odin for willi
# Add bin to path
# Dynamic resizing
shopt -s checkwinsize
# Custom prompt
#08-29-06 11:40 gws
if [ `id -un` = root ]; then
# Add color
eval `dircolors -b`
# User defined aliases
alias clls='clear; ls'
alias ll='ls -l'
alias lsa='ls -A'
alias lsg='ls | grep'
alias lsp='ls -1 /var/log/packages/ > package-list'
alias web='links -g -download-dir ~/ www.google.com'
#08-29-06 11:50 gws
#To clean up and cover your tracks once you log off
#Depending on your version of BASH, you might have to use
# the other form of this command
trap "rm -f ~$LOGNAME/.bash_history" 0
#The older KSH-style form
# trap 0 rm -f ~$LOGNAME/.bash_history
An example of '.bash_profile';
#08-30-06 12:21 gws copied loki:/root
#06-27-07 13:10 gws copied from odin for willi
# Source .bashrc
if [ -f ~/.bashrc ]; then
Last edited by onebuck; 10-05-2007 at 08:07 AM.
Reason: format code window
.bash_profile is read and executed only by the login shell. Subshells use .bashrc .
Yes, but environmental variables are already set using .bash_profile when you login. .bashrc is used only for colouring and bash specific settings. Using .bashrc for login scripts and setting system wide variables is wrong.
Last edited by Alien_Hominid; 10-06-2007 at 02:58 AM.