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Old 02-21-2005, 05:21 PM   #1
Nicholas Bishop
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Registered: Feb 2005
Posts: 4

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Template class with a template member...


I am trying to create a template class that passes its template down to a member that is also a template class, as in this example:
Code:
#include <list>

template< typename T > class Foo
{
public:
        Foo()
        {
                std::list< T >::iterator i;

                // Do stuff
        }
private:
        std::list< T > bar;
};
Compiling (with g++ 3.4.1) gives this error:
vu.cc: In constructor `Foo<T>::Foo()':
vu.cc:8: error: expected `;' before "i"

What is the correct way to do something like this?
 
Old 02-21-2005, 05:42 PM   #2
Nicholas Bishop
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Registered: Feb 2005
Posts: 4

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Well, I think I've found a solution:

Code:
#include <list>

template< typename T > class Foo
{
public:
        Foo()
        {
                typename std::list< T >::iterator i;
                for( i = bar.begin(); i != bar.end(); i++ )
                {
                        // Do stuff
                }
        }
private:
        std::list< T > bar;
};
But I don't understand why this is necessary...

Last edited by Nicholas Bishop; 02-21-2005 at 08:35 PM.
 
Old 02-21-2005, 06:57 PM   #3
dakensta
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Registered: Jun 2003
Location: SEUK
Distribution: Debian & OS X
Posts: 194

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Because the compiler doesn't know whether ::iterator is a type or a value, so you need to give it a helping hand.

Code:
template <typename T>
struct some_class
{
    typedef T value_type;  // a type
    static T  value;   // a value
};

template<typename U>
void some_func(U u)
{
    U::value_type v = U::value;      // confused
    typename U::value_type w = U::value; // better
}
I don't have 3.4.1 to hand but didn't you get some warnings like "implicit typename is deprecated"?

HTH
 
Old 02-21-2005, 08:27 PM   #4
Nicholas Bishop
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Registered: Feb 2005
Posts: 4

Original Poster
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No, I didn't get any other messages from the compiler.

Thanks for the explanation, it makes a lot more sense now.
 
  


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