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Old 04-21-2004, 12:15 PM   #1
Registered: Apr 2003
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Bash script

1) What is the ${#HOSTNAME} means ?
2) I think hostname "$HOSTNAME" means set the variable
hostname to whatever value is in HOSTNAME.
3) What is the difference between
hostname "$HOSTNAME" and hostname $HOSTNAME ?


if [${#HOSTNAME} -ne 0]; then
hostname "$HOSTNAME"
Old 04-21-2004, 03:02 PM   #2
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1) I have never seen a variable written with a hash (#) in front, so all I can assume is that the variables name is "#HOSTNAME" but I am probably totally wrong on this one...

2) Actually, this is running the "hostname" program with the value of "$HOSTNAME" as an argument. Variable assignment uses the equals sign ie: hostname=$HOSTNAME

3) Quoting the variable preserves whitespace when referencing it. ie:
hello="A B  C   D"
echo $hello  
$ A B C D
echo "$hello" 
$ A B  C   D
If you haven't already, checkout the Advanced BASH Scripting Guide, it has everything you want to know about BASH scripting and lots of example code.

Last edited by bulliver; 04-21-2004 at 03:07 PM.
Old 04-21-2004, 04:20 PM   #3
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Thank you bulliver for your help.
Old 04-21-2004, 06:03 PM   #4
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Re: Bash script

Originally posted by Linh
1) What is the ${#HOSTNAME} means ?
It expands to the number of characters in the variable $HOSTNAME.
In other words: the length of $HOSTNAME.
For example if HOSTNAME is "Linh", then "echo $(#HOSTNAME)" prints "4".
If it is "Hko", then it prints "3".
Old 04-21-2004, 06:19 PM   #5
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Thank you HKo for your help


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