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Old 01-22-2005, 06:52 PM   #1
elliottlake
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Mounting a new IDE drive.


I've got a really dumb question. I have a 40GB IDE disk, hdb by Linux. I am trying to add it and format the drive. This is a Fedora Core 2 system I'm using to learn Linux. So the obvious questions are:

How do I mount the new drive and how do I format it? I've tried a couple of articles I've found on the topic with not luck. They have suggested using sfdisk, however I get errors that the device cannot be opened. Trying to mount the device hasn't worked either. If I'm remembering correctly I've been using variations of the command mount -t ext3 /dev/hdb /mnt/hdb. I don't have any luck with this either.

After I get this done I'll be looking to create shares and allow access for both Windows systems and Linux systems. Any advice as to good articles to read for this will be greatly appreciated.

Thanks
 
Old 01-22-2005, 07:02 PM   #2
egag
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well...you can only mount filesystems, so without formatting it won't be mountable.
try to use " fdisk "

-----
#fdisk /dev/hdb
-----

make one or more partitions.

then format them. ( see " man mkfs " on available commands )

egag
 
Old 01-22-2005, 07:05 PM   #3
2damncommon
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Quote:
How do I mount the new drive and how do I format it?
1. Drive is installed with correct jumper settings.
2. Create partitions. I like cfdisk. "cfdisk -Ps" should list your drives. "cfdisk /dev/hdb" to partition.
3. Format the partitions. To create a Reiser filesystem "mkreiserfs", for ext3 "mkfs.ext3".
4. Mount the partitions. Create the desired mount points. Add to /etc/fstab if desired.
 
Old 01-24-2005, 09:16 PM   #4
elliottlake
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formatting and mounting new hdd

I've been trying fdisk and sfdisk. I'm getting errors telling me that the drive is read only. I didn't think you could do that with an IDE drive.

I'm still looking for a download of cfdisk to try. I'll get back to that approach after I download and install it.

As far as the physical setup is concerned, I have the following: /dev/hda is a Western Digital 3.2GB IDE HDD, primary master. /dev/cdrom is a Samsung sc-152l, primary slave. /dev/hdb (the one I want to mount) is a Western Digital 40GB IDE HDD, secondary master and /dev/hdc is also a Western Digital 40GB IDE HDD, as the secondary slave.

The jummpers have been checked and they are set properly for each controller. Is there something above that I missed?

Out of curiousity, I thought that fdisk would overwrite anything on the HDD. Is there a difference I don't know about when using it in Linux?
 
Old 01-25-2005, 01:11 AM   #5
Draygo
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Can we get a dmesg to be sure of the hd assignments? Sounds like /dev/hdb is really your cdrom and not a hd.
 
Old 01-25-2005, 07:12 AM   #6
egag
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that's correct:

prim. master = hda
prim. slave = hdb
sec. master = hdc
sec. slave = hdd

that also expains the error-message " drive = readonly " as hdb is a cdrom.

try " fdisk /dev/hdc "

egag
 
Old 01-25-2005, 07:20 AM   #7
2damncommon
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Quote:
Out of curiousity, I thought that fdisk would overwrite anything on the HDD.
Fdisk utilities can be used to show partition data as well as create partitions.
"How do I mount the new drive and how do I format it?" seems to be asking for information on setting up a bare drive from scratch for use rather than a drive with wanted data on it. Is that correct?
You would not change partitions with fdisk tools when there are existing partitions with needed data. You would also not format existing partitions with needed data.
 
Old 01-25-2005, 07:24 AM   #8
elliottlake
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hdb is cd-rom

Believe it or not, I thought of that at one point, however I dismissed it when reading a howto on this topic. There was a command to list the IDE drives (unfortunately I don't remember the command) connected to the system. It threw me to see devices hda, hdb, hdc and hdd listed. I know the system is using devices hda and hdc. So my suspicion, after what you've said, is that I'm actually after hdd. What's your take on that thought? Am I off in left field again?
 
Old 01-25-2005, 07:47 AM   #9
egag
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well...i think you just have to look if the new drive is master or slave ( hdc or hdd )

first do " # fdisk -l /dev/hdd "
if nothing is listed, there are no partitions and that will be your new drive.
( compare the output with " # fdisk -l /dev/hdc " ; you will see partitions there..... )

egag
 
  


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