Linux - NewbieThis Linux forum is for members that are new to Linux.
Just starting out and have a question?
If it is not in the man pages or the how-to's this is the place!
Welcome to LinuxQuestions.org, a friendly and active Linux Community.
You are currently viewing LQ as a guest. By joining our community you will have the ability to post topics, receive our newsletter, use the advanced search, subscribe to threads and access many other special features. Registration is quick, simple and absolutely free. Join our community today!
Note that registered members see fewer ads, and ContentLink is completely disabled once you log in.
If you have any problems with the registration process or your account login, please contact us. If you need to reset your password, click here.
Having a problem logging in? Please visit this page to clear all LQ-related cookies.
Introduction to Linux - A Hands on Guide
This guide was created as an overview of the Linux Operating System, geared toward new users as an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter.
For more advanced trainees it can be a desktop reference, and a collection of the base knowledge needed to proceed with system and network administration. This book contains many real life examples derived from the author's experience as a Linux system and network administrator, trainer and consultant. They hope these examples will help you to get a better understanding of the Linux system and that you feel encouraged to try out things on your own.
Click Here to receive this Complete Guide absolutely free.
I'm starting a new business, and I am getting old machines for using VOIP(I'd say the crappiest I have right now is a P4 1.6 ghz 512 mb RAM, but most are 3.0 Ghz with 512 mb RAM.
Everything right now is with Windows XP Pro or Home edition.
I'm having taughts about switching to linux, which distro should I get?
For Business, my pick would be CentOS. It is enterprise class and stable. No official support for though. If you want/can to pay for support, RedHat can do. You also have to think from the perspective of which application do I want to run and on which Linux distributions does it run best. There are certain applications that are engineered and thoroughly tested for a given Linux distribution.
Other stable Linux distributions to consider are Ubuntu Server and Debian.
Really, the more stuff it can do the better, but mainly it would be for common office use (as long as it can run Openoffice, be user-friendly and run something like GIMP, I think it would be all right).
Efficiency is pretty much my concern here. I'm dealing with pretty old computers and I don't want them to lag too much.
I would go with CentOS or Debian. I personally use Debian and have been recommending/installing it on computers for work for a couple of years with no bad reviews yet, but I've also heard good things about CentOS. Debian has a long, unscheduled release cycle. Their whole mantra is, "It will get released when it's done." The stable branch is just that, "stable", which is essential for production machines that are depended upon for vital tasks. I would avoid anything Ubuntu based like the plague for corporate networks because they're always pushing major software updates, which may keep you on the bleeding edge, but will also keep your help desk personnel jumping all over the place fixing the minor quirks and bugs that get introduced when things aren't thoroughly tested. Additionally, Unity is, in my opinion, extremely counter-productive, especially if you're installing it on older machines.
Just for a reference, I thought I would show you what kind of load my Debian server is exhibiting. I do have Gnome 2 and GDM installed on this machine because I also use it to watch rips of my DVDs on my television. It's running an Apache webserver, a ProFTPD FTP server, an OpenSSH SSH service, Gnome2/GDM, and webmin to make managing it from my internal network a bit easier. However, right now it isn't logged in and running anything other than the server daemons and the gdm login screen. I don't have any videos playing or office documents open, but here's a screenshot of the specs and its load right now.
You cannot use CentOS, with a GUI, in 512MB: they suggest a minimum of 652MB. OpenSUSE is not advisable with any GUI but KDE (which needs 768MB): see my review.
As a business user you want something stable with a long support period. Salix is based on Slackware, as stable as you can get, is easy to use, and has a minimum requirement of 256MB. Debian is very stable, but a bit confusing to install for a beginner. The derivative SalineOS has the same software, but a better installer, and will run in 256MB.
If you want a GUI and to run those Apps you mentioned, seriously the best thing to do is invest in some RAM; I'm surprised you've got a 3GHz chip with only 512MB of RAM.
RAM would be tax-deductible
For a business, I'd definitely look at Centos (free RHEL but no support) unless you want paid support, in which case RHEL.