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Old 12-24-2010, 01:13 PM   #1
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How to repair grub2 in MBR? win7/10.10 dual boot.

Hi everyone, I apologize for re-posting what seems to be a common problem. I have a win7/10.10 dual-boot set up, more or less following the tutorial (I know, I know). I had to reinstall windows, and its taken over the MBR so that only win7 boots now. My shared drive and the ubuntu filesystem are still there, I just can't get to them without a boot cd. So, I tried to follow the tutorials, which all basically say to reinstall grub or grub2. I tried one method, but ubuntu told me that installing grub2 anywhere but the MBR was a bad idea. how do I do this so that ubuntu and win7 stay happy, but I get my grub menu back? Thanks in advance.
Old 12-24-2010, 01:24 PM   #2
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Have you tried
"sudo os-prober"
"sudo update-grub"

Is your ubuntu desktop or server edition?

Last edited by EDDY1; 12-24-2010 at 01:25 PM.
Old 12-24-2010, 02:01 PM   #3
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You have reinstalled Win 7 , so Grub is gone I assume .
So you do not have a other option than reinstalling GRUB .
After that if windows does not appear run the command susdo update-grub
If windows 7 is capable of booting UBUNTU than you can install GRUB on the root partition UBUNTU and let WIndows do the booting .
But do not ask me how , I do not use windows,.
Old 12-25-2010, 07:09 AM   #4
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boot ur ubuntu cd/dvd then select the rescue mode (there should be something like that)..

if the disk image is mounted under some other path then

#chroot "path" eg. #chroot /mnt/sysimage


grub> root (hdX,Y).... this is where ur linux is (hd0,0) for 1st part. (hd0,1) for 2nd part and so on

grub> setup (hdX) ..... usually (hd0)

exit and reboot
Old 12-25-2010, 08:47 AM   #5
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Originally Posted by Nizzok View Post
I tried one method, but ubuntu told me that installing grub2 anywhere but the MBR was a bad idea. how do I do this so that ubuntu and win7 stay happy, but I get my grub menu back? Thanks in advance.
You probably tried
grub-install /dev/sda3
rather than
grub-install /dev/sda
Obviously, I've missed out the rest of the commands and the partition may be wrong, but basically you want to be installing onto the drive, "/dev/sda" not a partition, "/dev/sdaX"
Old 12-25-2010, 05:12 PM   #6
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Hi all,

Thanks for your responses. I've tried a lot different tutorials, and I'm not sure what I'm doing wrong.

Here are the results of os-prober, and just trying to update grub.
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ sudo os-prober
/dev/sda1:Windows 7 (loader):Windows:chain
/dev/sda3:Ubuntu 10.10 (10.10):Ubuntu:linux
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ sudo update-grub
/usr/sbin/grub-probe: error: cannot find a device for / (is /dev mounted?).
and for reference here's the results of fdisk -l
Disk /dev/sda: 160.0 GB, 160041885696 bytes
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 19457 cylinders
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 512 bytes / 512 bytes
Disk identifier: 0x000d7d9e

   Device Boot      Start         End      Blocks   Id  System
/dev/sda1   *           1          13      102400    7  HPFS/NTFS
Partition 1 does not end on cylinder boundary.
/dev/sda2              13        4279    34267136    7  HPFS/NTFS
/dev/sda3            4280        7834    28555537+  83  Linux
/dev/sda4            7836       19457    93353715    7  HPFS/NTFS
So, I thought it was because I hadn't mounted the drive, but even after having mounted the drive, it still doesn't work

sudo mount /dev/sda
mount: can't find /dev/sda in /etc/fstab or /etc/mtab
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ sudo mount /dev/sda /mnt
mount: /dev/sda already mounted or /mnt busy
ubuntu@ubuntu:~$ sudo grub-install /dev/sda
/usr/sbin/grub-probe: error: cannot find a device for /boot/grub (is /dev mounted?).
No path or device is specified.
Try `/usr/sbin/grub-probe --help' for more information.
Auto-detection of a filesystem module failed.
Please specify the module with the option `--modules' explicitly.
Anyway, I'm not sure what to try to do next. Most of the tutorials on line don't apply to this system, or repeat some of the steps suggested above.

thanks again from the n00b

PS...only win7 loads...

Last edited by Nizzok; 12-25-2010 at 05:18 PM. Reason: adding stuff
Old 12-25-2010, 06:17 PM   #7
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so...I ran this code successfully

sudo grub-install --root-directory=/mnt /dev/sda

this now borked the system completely as win7 now does not load either and I just get a black screen where the boot menu would have been

Last edited by Tinkster; 12-26-2010 at 01:47 PM. Reason: profanity removed.
Old 12-25-2010, 08:30 PM   #8
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forget it, went nuclear and just re-did the linux install, all seems to be well. I really wanted to fix it though...
Old 12-25-2010, 09:05 PM   #9
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Have a read of this.
For future reference take particular note of section 12 - of the options presented, I prefer method 3, the chroot. Note that you mount partitions (or directories), not device(s).
Old 01-11-2013, 09:56 AM   #10
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Solution for newbie's

This might help someone who come across this thread ,,


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