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Old 11-05-2003, 12:31 PM   #1
LQ Newbie
Registered: Nov 2003
Posts: 4

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Question giving apache the correct permissions

I am running red hat 9 with Apache (the version that came with RH9) on a local machine as a "test station" for our website before going live with it.

I am having problems with a cgi program that should set up protected directories and users via htpasswd (indexsoft access manager)

I suspect a file permissions problem, cos when I telnet and do the following it works:
/usr/bin/htpasswd -
"/home/riponleeds/htstuff/.htpasswd" "fred" "anything"

but when I run the cgi script, it doesnt and the httpd error log file says:

/usr/bin/htpasswd: unable to create temporary file 'htpasswd.tmp.lz6jB0', referer: htt(url removed in order to post)/cgi-bin/accessmanager.cgi?todo=managehtpasswd

I have tried changing the user that apache runs as to no avail.

The cgi program works on the "real" website so I suspect my configuration, not the program.

Hopefully ....
Old 11-05-2003, 12:48 PM   #2
Registered: Jul 2003
Posts: 113

Rep: Reputation: 15
If you are having cgi script problems, usually it is the httpd.conf file.
What are the rights to /var/www/cgi-bin?

Also, it could be in your httpd.conf file. If you post it we can see if it is exactly that.

Additionally, have you tried a php program for user ids who login to your webserver? I use coment webfilemanager found here:

Its really cool. You have to install PHP though in order for it to work.PHP is a lot faster than cgi imho..
Old 11-06-2003, 05:10 AM   #3
LQ Newbie
Registered: Nov 2003
Posts: 4

Original Poster
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Thanks for the help -

(1) my http conf is appended. (comments removed cos it was too long to post - I'd appreciate any other comments or suggestions about this file - I'm also having problems getting SSI to work, but as I don't plan to use it, I haven't worried too much)

(2)afaik /var/www/cgi-bin has owner root, I need to go home to check this and its permissions (only got web access at work at the moment)

(3) I'll try cwfm, but it sort of leaves me unsatisfied that I can't get this program going ...

Many thanks

ServerRoot "/etc/httpd"

PidFile run/

# Timeout: The number of seconds before receives and sends time out.
Timeout 300

KeepAlive On

MaxKeepAliveRequests 100

KeepAliveTimeout 15

# MaxClients: maximum number of server processes allowed to start
# MaxRequestsPerChild: maximum number of requests a server process serves
<IfModule prefork.c>
StartServers 8
MinSpareServers 5
MaxSpareServers 20
MaxClients 150
MaxRequestsPerChild 1000

# worker MPM
# MaxRequestsPerChild: maximum number of requests a server process serves
<IfModule worker.c>
StartServers 2
MaxClients 150
MinSpareThreads 25
MaxSpareThreads 75
ThreadsPerChild 25
MaxRequestsPerChild 0

# MaxRequestsPerChild: maximum number of connections per server process
<IfModule perchild.c>
NumServers 5
StartThreads 5
MinSpareThreads 5
MaxSpareThreads 10
MaxThreadsPerChild 20
MaxRequestsPerChild 0


Listen 80

# Load config files from the config directory "/etc/httpd/conf.d".
Include conf.d/*.conf

LoadModule access_module modules/
LoadModule auth_module modules/
LoadModule auth_anon_module modules/
LoadModule auth_dbm_module modules/
LoadModule auth_digest_module modules/
LoadModule include_module modules/
LoadModule log_config_module modules/
LoadModule env_module modules/
LoadModule mime_magic_module modules/
LoadModule cern_meta_module modules/
LoadModule expires_module modules/
LoadModule headers_module modules/
LoadModule usertrack_module modules/
LoadModule unique_id_module modules/
LoadModule setenvif_module modules/
LoadModule mime_module modules/
LoadModule dav_module modules/
LoadModule status_module modules/
LoadModule autoindex_module modules/
LoadModule asis_module modules/
LoadModule info_module modules/
LoadModule cgi_module modules/
LoadModule dav_fs_module modules/
LoadModule vhost_alias_module modules/
LoadModule negotiation_module modules/
LoadModule dir_module modules/
LoadModule imap_module modules/
LoadModule actions_module modules/
LoadModule speling_module modules/
LoadModule userdir_module modules/
LoadModule alias_module modules/
LoadModule rewrite_module modules/
LoadModule proxy_module modules/
LoadModule proxy_ftp_module modules/
LoadModule proxy_http_module modules/
LoadModule proxy_connect_module modules/

# ExtendedStatus controls whether Apache will generate "full" status

# originally user and group was set to apache
User riponleeds
Group riponleeds

ServerAdmin root@localhost

ServerName cellar.14cambrianterrace:80

UseCanonicalName Off

DocumentRoot "/var/www/html"

<Directory />
Options FollowSymLinks Indexes
AllowOverride All

<Directory "/var/www/html">

Options Indexes FollowSymLinks

AllowOverride All

# Controls who can get stuff from this server.
Order allow,deny
Allow from all


<IfModule mod_userdir.c>

#UserDir public_html


# Control access to UserDir directories. The following is an example
# for a site where these directories are restricted to read-only.

DirectoryIndex index.html index.html.var index.htm index.shtml index.php

AccessFileName .htaccess

<Files ~ "^\.ht">
Order allow,deny
Deny from all

# TypesConfig describes where the mime.types file (or equivalent) is
# to be found.
TypesConfig /etc/mime.types

DefaultType text/plain

<IfModule mod_mime_magic.c>
# MIMEMagicFile /usr/share/magic.mime
MIMEMagicFile conf/magic

HostnameLookups Off

ErrorLog logs/error_log

LogLevel warn

LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b \"%{Referer}i\" \"%{User-Agent}i\"" combined
LogFormat "%h %l %u %t \"%r\" %>s %b" common
LogFormat "%{Referer}i -> %U" referer
LogFormat "%{User-agent}i" agent

CustomLog logs/access_log combined

ServerSignature On

Alias /icons/ "/var/www/icons/"

<Directory "/var/www/icons">
Options Indexes MultiViews
AllowOverride None
Order allow,deny
Allow from all

Alias /manual "/var/www/manual"

<Directory "/var/www/manual">
Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
AllowOverride None
Order allow,deny
Allow from all

<IfModule mod_dav_fs.c>
# Location of the WebDAV lock database.
DAVLockDB /var/lib/dav/lockdb

ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ "/var/www/cgi-bin/"

<IfModule mod_cgid.c>
# Additional to mod_cgid.c settings, mod_cgid has Scriptsock <path>
# for setting UNIX socket for communicating with cgid.
#Scriptsock logs/cgisock

# "/var/www/cgi-bin" should be changed to whatever your ScriptAliased
# CGI directory exists, if you have that configured.
<Directory "/var/www/cgi-bin">
AllowOverride None
Options None
Order allow,deny
Allow from all

IndexOptions FancyIndexing VersionSort NameWidth=*

AddIconByEncoding (CMP,/icons/compressed.gif) x-compress x-gzip

AddIconByType (TXT,/icons/text.gif) text/*
AddIconByType (IMG,/icons/image2.gif) image/*
AddIconByType (SND,/icons/sound2.gif) audio/*
AddIconByType (VID,/icons/movie.gif) video/*

AddIcon /icons/binary.gif .bin .exe
AddIcon /icons/binhex.gif .hqx
AddIcon /icons/tar.gif .tar
AddIcon /icons/world2.gif .wrl .wrl.gz .vrml .vrm .iv
AddIcon /icons/compressed.gif .Z .z .tgz .gz .zip
AddIcon /icons/a.gif .ps .ai .eps
AddIcon /icons/layout.gif .html .shtml .htm .pdf
AddIcon /icons/text.gif .txt
AddIcon /icons/c.gif .c
AddIcon /icons/p.gif .pl .py
AddIcon /icons/f.gif .for
AddIcon /icons/dvi.gif .dvi
AddIcon /icons/uuencoded.gif .uu
AddIcon /icons/script.gif .conf .sh .shar .csh .ksh .tcl
AddIcon /icons/tex.gif .tex
AddIcon /icons/bomb.gif core

AddIcon /icons/back.gif ..
AddIcon /icons/hand.right.gif README
AddIcon /icons/folder.gif ^^DIRECTORY^^
AddIcon /icons/blank.gif ^^BLANKICON^^

# DefaultIcon is which icon to show for files which do not have an icon
# explicitly set.
DefaultIcon /icons/unknown.gif

ReadmeName README.html
HeaderName HEADER.html

IndexIgnore .??* *~ *# HEADER* README* RCS CVS *,v *,t

AddEncoding x-compress Z
AddEncoding x-gzip gz tgz

AddLanguage da .dk
AddLanguage nl .nl
AddLanguage en .en
AddLanguage et .et
AddLanguage fr .fr
AddLanguage de .de
AddLanguage he .he
AddLanguage el .el
AddLanguage it .it
AddLanguage ja .ja
AddLanguage pl .po
AddLanguage kr .kr
AddLanguage pt .pt
AddLanguage nn .nn
AddLanguage no .no
AddLanguage pt-br .pt-br
AddLanguage ltz .ltz
AddLanguage ca .ca
AddLanguage es .es
AddLanguage sv .se
AddLanguage cz .cz
AddLanguage ru .ru
AddLanguage tw .tw
AddLanguage zh-tw .tw
AddLanguage hr .hr

LanguagePriority en da nl et fr de el it ja kr no pl pt pt-br ltz ca es sv tw

ForceLanguagePriority Prefer Fallback

AddDefaultCharset ISO-8859-1

AddCharset ISO-8859-1 .iso8859-1 .latin1
AddCharset ISO-8859-2 .iso8859-2 .latin2 .cen
AddCharset ISO-8859-3 .iso8859-3 .latin3
AddCharset ISO-8859-4 .iso8859-4 .latin4
AddCharset ISO-8859-5 .iso8859-5 .latin5 .cyr .iso-ru
AddCharset ISO-8859-6 .iso8859-6 .latin6 .arb
AddCharset ISO-8859-7 .iso8859-7 .latin7 .grk
AddCharset ISO-8859-8 .iso8859-8 .latin8 .heb
AddCharset ISO-8859-9 .iso8859-9 .latin9 .trk
AddCharset ISO-2022-JP .iso2022-jp .jis
AddCharset ISO-2022-KR .iso2022-kr .kis
AddCharset ISO-2022-CN .iso2022-cn .cis
AddCharset Big5 .Big5 .big5
# For russian, more than one charset is used (depends on client, mostly):
AddCharset WINDOWS-1251 .cp-1251 .win-1251
AddCharset CP866 .cp866
AddCharset KOI8-r .koi8-r .koi8-ru
AddCharset KOI8-ru .koi8-uk .ua
AddCharset ISO-10646-UCS-2 .ucs2
AddCharset ISO-10646-UCS-4 .ucs4
AddCharset UTF-8 .utf8

AddCharset GB2312 .gb2312 .gb
AddCharset utf-7 .utf7
AddCharset utf-8 .utf8
AddCharset big5 .big5 .b5
AddCharset EUC-TW .euc-tw
AddCharset EUC-JP .euc-jp
AddCharset EUC-KR .euc-kr
AddCharset shift_jis .sjis

AddType application/x-tar .tgz

AddHandler cgi-script .cgi .pl

AddHandler imap-file map

AddHandler type-map var

AddOutputFilter INCLUDES .shtml

Alias /error/ "/var/www/error/"

<IfModule mod_negotiation.c>
<IfModule mod_include.c>
<Directory "/var/www/error">
AllowOverride None
Options IncludesNoExec
AddOutputFilter Includes html
AddHandler type-map var
Order allow,deny
Allow from all
LanguagePriority en es de fr
ForceLanguagePriority Prefer Fallback

ErrorDocument 400 /error/HTTP_BAD_REQUEST.html.var
ErrorDocument 401 /error/HTTP_UNAUTHORIZED.html.var
ErrorDocument 403 /error/HTTP_FORBIDDEN.html.var
ErrorDocument 404 /error/HTTP_NOT_FOUND.html.var
ErrorDocument 405 /error/HTTP_METHOD_NOT_ALLOWED.html.var
ErrorDocument 408 /error/HTTP_REQUEST_TIME_OUT.html.var
ErrorDocument 410 /error/HTTP_GONE.html.var
ErrorDocument 411 /error/HTTP_LENGTH_REQUIRED.html.var
ErrorDocument 412 /error/HTTP_PRECONDITION_FAILED.html.var
ErrorDocument 413 /error/HTTP_REQUEST_ENTITY_TOO_LARGE.html.var
ErrorDocument 414 /error/HTTP_REQUEST_URI_TOO_LARGE.html.var
ErrorDocument 415 /error/HTTP_SERVICE_UNAVAILABLE.html.var
ErrorDocument 500 /error/HTTP_INTERNAL_SERVER_ERROR.html.var
ErrorDocument 501 /error/HTTP_NOT_IMPLEMENTED.html.var
ErrorDocument 502 /error/HTTP_BAD_GATEWAY.html.var
ErrorDocument 503 /error/HTTP_SERVICE_UNAVAILABLE.html.var
ErrorDocument 506 /error/HTTP_VARIANT_ALSO_VARIES.html.var


BrowserMatch "Mozilla/2" nokeepalive
BrowserMatch "MSIE 4\.0b2;" nokeepalive downgrade-1.0 force-response-1.0
BrowserMatch "RealPlayer 4\.0" force-response-1.0
BrowserMatch "Java/1\.0" force-response-1.0
BrowserMatch "JDK/1\.0" force-response-1.0

BrowserMatch "Microsoft Data Access Internet Publishing Provider" redirect-carefully
BrowserMatch "^WebDrive" redirect-carefully



# Virtual host
DocumentRoot /home/riponleeds/www/
ServerSignature email
Old 11-06-2003, 09:27 AM   #4
Registered: Jul 2003
Posts: 113

Rep: Reputation: 15
That is one looooong httpd file! lol

One thing I noticed ..anybody else step in here...

Your line
<Directory "/var/www/cgi-bin">
AllowOverride None
Options None
Order allow,deny
Allow from all

Should have a Options +ExecCGI in it should look like this.

<Directory "/var/www/cgi-bin/">
AllowOverride None
Options +ExecCGI
Order allow,deny
Allow from all

The Options +ExecCGI tells apache to run cgi scripts in this specific directory...

Good luck!


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