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Old 03-21-2009, 09:37 AM   #1
virteman
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Registered: Aug 2008
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Question Can xargs's initial-arguments expand?


hello, why can't the xargs's intial-arguments which are passed to any command expanded?

First I Can list the file with a wild expansion.

Code:
virteman@ubuntu:/tmp$ ls -l tmp* 
-rw------- 1 root root 0 2009-03-21 18:50 tmp.yWkOcZ6220
Second I echo the wild expansion pipe to xargs and then list it. But the exception occur to here.

Code:
virteman@ubuntu:/tmp$ echo 'tmp*' |xargs -t ls -l
ls -l tmp* 
ls: cannot access tmp*: No such file or directory
Then I add bash -c to the list command , And it seams OK.

Code:
virteman@ubuntu:/tmp$ echo 'tmp*' |xargs -t -I{}  bash -c 'ls -l {}'
bash -c ls -l tmp* 
-rw------- 1 root root 0 2009-03-21 18:50 tmp.yWkOcZ6220
I want to know why I cannot use the second command?
 
Old 03-22-2009, 04:49 AM   #2
druuna
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Hi,

If you remove the quotes it works:

Quote:
touch tmp.yWkOcZ6220

ls -l tmp*
-rw-r----- 1 druuna internet 0 Mar 22 10:45 tmp.yWkOcZ6220

echo tmp* | xargs ls -l
-rw-r----- 1 druuna internet 0 Mar 22 10:45 tmp.yWkOcZ6220

echo 'tmp*' | xargs ls -l
ls: tmp*: No such file or directory

echo "tmp*" | xargs ls -l
ls: tmp*: No such file or directory
Without the quotes bash will expand the tmp* part first before giving it to echo, the other 2 (with the double/single quotes) prohibit bash from expanding and tmp* is echoed as is.

Hope this clears things up a bit
 
Old 03-25-2009, 03:58 AM   #3
virteman
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Wink

Quote:
Originally Posted by druuna View Post
Hi,

If you remove the quotes it works:



Without the quotes bash will expand the tmp* part first before giving it to echo, the other 2 (with the double/single quotes) prohibit bash from expanding and tmp* is echoed as is.

Hope this clears things up a bit
yes, of course,it works. In fact I want to xargs pass "tmp*" this expression to its later call command , and then the command can let bash expand "tmp*", at last the command can run with the arguments as it runs in a common command line .
 
  


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