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Old 04-16-2004, 09:49 AM   #1
davidas
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Registered: Mar 2004
Distribution: Debian 'Sarge'
Posts: 168

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Why does ps -A show several instances of the same application?


Code:
ps -A
Output:

.
.
.
.
.
687 ? 00:00:00 xterm
689 ttyp1 00:00:00 bash
1126 ttyp1 00:00:15 firefox-bin
1136 ttyp1 00:00:00 firefox-bin
1137 ttyp1 00:00:00 firefox-bin
1138 ttyp1 00:00:00 firefox-bin
1633 ttyp0 00:00:00 xmms
1634 ttyp0 00:00:00 xmms
1635 ttyp0 00:00:00 xmms
1636 ttyp0 00:00:00 xmms
1645 ttyp0 00:00:00 ps

I'm the only user with only one copy of firefox and one copy of xmms running. Why are there 4 instances of each application when I do a 'ps -A'? Are there 4 copies of each application running?

Thanks !
 
Old 04-19-2004, 10:52 PM   #2
ToniT
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Registered: Oct 2003
Location: Zurich, Switzerland
Distribution: Debian/unstable
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Programs happen to fork into multiple related processes that interoperate with eachother. Somewhat similar to threading. xmms for instance probably does mp3 reading and decoding it to the buffer in one process, feeding decoded wave to the soundcard in other and operating with the user through the X interface in the third, and so on.
 
Old 04-19-2004, 10:53 PM   #3
ToniT
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Location: Zurich, Switzerland
Distribution: Debian/unstable
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ps -fA shows also the parent process of processes.
 
  


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