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Old 07-22-2005, 09:02 AM   #1
dukeinlondon
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Registered: May 2003
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Unhappy usb media automount


Is there an howto anywhere for sid ? I was a bit pissed off yesterday when I noticed it didn''t work yesterday.

It works for CDs...
 
Old 07-22-2005, 11:47 AM   #2
ironwalker
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Distribution: Siduction the only way to do Debian Sid!
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#!/bin/sh
# Installs the script usb-storage

FN_SCRIPT=/etc/hotplug/usb/usb-storage
FN_USER=/etc/hotplug/usb/usb-storage-user.sh

cat >$FN_SCRIPT <<"EndOfScript"
#! /bin/bash
#
# /etc/hotplug/usb/usb-storage
#
# PUT YOUR KNOWN DEVICES AND DEFAULT USER INTO "usb-storage-user.sh" !
#

[ -z $TYPE ] && exit 0

us_VERSION="20050718-devel"
KERNEL="$(uname -r)"

##########
#
# set to 1 if you want debugging output in $LOGFILE,
# set to 2 for Extended Debug (in find_partitions_26, fstype)
DEBUG=1
# set to 1 if you want logging appended to $LOGFILE.all
LOGALL=0
#
# Logfiles at /var/log/hotplug
LOGDIR=/var/log/hotplug
[ -d $LOGDIR ] || mkdir -p $LOGDIR

# When Debug = 0 -> Log Output to /dev/null
case $DEBUG in
0) LOGFILE=/dev/null ;;
*) LOGFILE=$LOGDIR/$(basename $0).log
echo -n >$LOGFILE
;;
esac
# When LOGALL = 0 -> All Log Output to /dev/null
case $LOGALL in
0) ALLFILE=/dev/null ;;
*) ALLFILE=$LOGDIR/$(basename $0).log.all ;;
esac

function log {
local LEVEL=$1; shift
[ "$DEBUG" -ge "$LEVEL" ] && echo "$@" >>$LOGFILE
}
#
##########

log 1 "PRODUCT=$PRODUCT"
log 1 "KERNEL=$KERNEL"

echo "$ACTION $PRODUCT" >> $ALLFILE

# set default icon for storage devices
us_STORAGEICON=usbpendrive_mount
#
# set default values for special devices
# name is "camera", mountpoint is "/mnt/camera"
us_SPECIALNAME=camera
# default icon for camera
us_SPECIALICON=camera
#
# config file for known special devices
if [ -r "/etc/hotplug/usb/usb-storage-user.sh" ]; then
source /etc/hotplug/usb/usb-storage-user.sh "$PRODUCT"
fi
#


function debugOutput {
cat << EOF
---
TYPE=$TYPE
ACTION=$ACTION
PRODUCT=$PRODUCT
INTERFACE=$INTERFACE
DEVICE=$DEVICE
DEVPATH=$DEVPATH
REMOVER=$REMOVER
EOF
set | grep '^us_'
echo "---"
}


function makeCameraIcon {
# make an icon (Camera) on Desktop
cat << EOF > $us_XDESKTOPFILE
[Desktop Entry]
Name=$us_SPECIALNAME
Type=Link
URL=$us_MOUNTPOINT
Actions=Sync;Digikam
Icon=$us_SPECIALICON
Comment=digital camera
Comment[de]=Digitalkamera

[Desktop Action Digikam]
Exec=/usr/bin/digikam;/bin/sync
Icon=camera
Name=Organize pictures
Name[de]=Bilder verwalten

[Desktop Action Sync]
Exec=/bin/sync
Icon=filesave
Name=Save changes
Name[de]=Änderungen speichern
EOF
# write a remover file to Autostart
cat << EOF > $us_XREMOVEFILE
#!/bin/sh
# remove stale camera icon if device not mounted
mount | grep -q $us_MOUNTPOINT || rm -f $us_XDESKTOPFILE $us_XREMOVEFILE
EOF
}


function makeStorageIcon {
# make an icon (USB stick) on Desktop
cat << EOF > $us_XDESKTOPFILE
[Desktop Entry]
Name=USB [$us_PARTITION]
Name[de]=USB [$us_PARTITION]
Type=Link
URL=$us_MOUNTPOINT
Actions=Sync
Icon=$us_STORAGEICON
Comment=USB storage device
Comment[de]=USB Speichergerät

[Desktop Action Sync]
Exec=/bin/sync
Icon=filesave
Name=Save changes
Name[de]=Änderungen speichern
EOF
# write a remover file to Autostart
cat << EOF > $us_XREMOVEFILE
#!/bin/sh
# remove stale USB storage icon if device not mounted
mount | grep -q $us_MOUNTPOINT || rm -f $us_XDESKTOPFILE $us_XREMOVEFILE
EOF
}



##########
#
#
#
function PRODUCT_to_SCSI {
local GUID=$(echo $PRODUCT | awk -F/ '{printf "%04x%04x", strtonum("0x"$1), strtonum("0x"$2)}')
grep -lr "^ *GUID: $GUID" /proc/scsi/usb-storage-* | xargs grep -l "^ *Attached: Yes" | cut -d/ -f5
}
#
##########


##########
#
# first detecting method
# doesn't work with multiple devices
#
function find_partitions_1 {
sleep 1
# find the last line with " sdx: sdxn", x=a,b,c,... and n=1,2,3,4
dmesg | grep "^ \(sd[[:lower:]]\): \1[1234]" | tail -1 | tr -d \<\> | cut -d\ -f3-
}
#
##########


##########
#
# second detecting method
# uses scsidev command already in Kanotix
# doesn't work with kernel 2.6.x
#
function find_partitions_2 {
local scsi=
scsidev -lde 2>/dev/null >/dev/null
for scsi in $(PRODUCT_to_SCSI $PRODUCT); do
ls -l /dev/scsi/sdc${scsi}b0t?u?p*|cut -d/ -f6
done
}
#
##########


##########
#
# third detecting method
#
function host_to_partitions {
local host=$1
local dev=
for dev in $(scsiinfo -l); do
local HOST="-1"
eval $(scsi_info $dev 2>/dev/null)
if [ $HOST = $host ]; then
cat /proc/partitions | grep $(basename ${dev})[1-9] | awk '{print $4}'
fi
done
}
#
#
function find_partitions_3 {
local scsi=
for scsi in $(PRODUCT_to_SCSI $PRODUCT); do
host_to_partitions $scsi
done
}
#
##########


##########
#
# (Not more so) simple detecting method for kernel 2.6.x
# (FJ's Version for hopefully 2.6.9- and 2.6.10+, with expiration timer)
function find_partitions_26 {
local FUNC=${FUNCNAME[0]}
local DEVS LOOP=50 LOOPTIME

# Warten, bis Phys. Device(s) erscheinen oder Timeout erreicht wird.
while [ -z "$DEVS" -a "$LOOP" -gt "0" ]; do
DEVS=$(ls -d /sys$DEVPATH/host[0-9]*/target[0-9]*/[0-9]*:[0-9]:[0-9]:[0-9]/block) || \
DEVS=$(ls -d /sys$DEVPATH/host[0-9]*/[0-9]*:[0-9]:[0-9]:[0-9]/block)
(( LOOP-- ))
sleep .5 # Wait 500 msec.
log 2 "$FUNC: Date:$(date), DEVS:$DEVS"
done

# Wenn Device(s) gefunden -> Auswertung
LOOPTIME=$(( (50 - LOOP) * 500 ))
if [ -n "$DEVS" ]; then
log 1 "$FUNC: Time in Loop: $LOOPTIME ms"
local link= dev=
for link in $DEVS; do
dev=$(basename $(readlink $link))
ls /sys/block/$dev | grep $dev || echo $dev
done
else
log 1 "$FUNC: Device not found in $LOOPTIME ms"
fi
log 2 "DEVS:$DEVS"
log 2 -e "$FUNC: DEBUG (ls -l \$DEVS):\n$(ls -l ${DEVS/block/} $DEVS/)\n"
log 2 -e "$FUNC: MOUNT:\n$(mount|grep -E "proc|sys|usb")\n"
log 2 -e "$FUNC: DMESG:\n$(dmesg|tail -25)\n"
}
#
##########


##########
#
function udev_subtle_sarge_hack {
# Devices in Eigenregie unter /dev erstellen (/sbin/MAKEDEV wird vorausgesetzt)
local FUNC=${FUNCNAME[0]}
if [ ! -b "$1" ]; then
local PARTITION=${1/\/dev\/}; local DEV=${PARTITION:0:3}
if [ ! -d /dev -o ! -x /sbin/MAKEDEV ]; then
log 1 -e "$FUNC: No /dev Directory or /sbin/MAKEDEV is not there or executable. Too bad."
exit 0
fi
log 1 -e "$FUNC: Make the Devicenodes for $PARTITION($DEV) under /dev (udev) manual with MAKEDEV.\n"
(cd /dev; export WRITE_ON_UDEV="yes"; MAKEDEV $DEV) >>$LOGFILE 2>&1
fi
}
function udev_wait_for_blockdevice {
# Warten, bis Device unter 'dev' erscheint oder Timeout erreicht wird.
local FUNC=${FUNCNAME[0]}
local LOOP=150
while [ ! -b "$1" -a "$LOOP" -gt "0" ]; do
(( LOOP-- ))
sleep 1
log 2 "$FUNC: Wait for Block Device $1 to settle, Tries $LOOP."
done
}
function udev_blockdevice {
case "$UDEV_SUBTLE_SARGE_HACK" in
yes) udev_subtle_sarge_hack $1 ;;
*) udev_wait_for_blockdevice $1 ;;
esac
}

function fstype {
local FUNC=${FUNCNAME[0]}
local FILE
dd if="$1" count=1 bs=1k >/dev/null 2>&1
if [ $? -gt 0 ]; then
log 1 "$FUNC: 'dd if=$1 count=1 bs=1k' has failed. exists $1 ?"
log 1 -e "DEBUG (ls -l ${1:0:8}*):\n$(ls -l ${1:0:8}*)"
echo "none"
return
fi
FILE="$(LANG=C LC_ALL=C LC_MESSAGES=C; file -Lkbs "$1")"
if [ $? -gt 0 ]; then
log 1 "$FUNC: 'file -Lkbs $1' has failed."
log 1 -e "FILE: $FILE\nDEBUG: $(file -Lkbs $1)"
echo "none"
return
fi
log 2 -e "$FUNC: FILE: $FILE\n"
log 2 -e "$FUNC: FDISK: $(fdisk -l ${1:0:8})\n"
if [ "$FILE" = "data" ]; then
# could still be ReiserFS, since "file" only reads 64k in Debian
FILE="$(dd if="$1" skip=65536 ibs=1 count=7 2>/dev/null)"
case "$FILE" in
*[Rr][Ee][Ii][Ss][Ee][Rr]4*);;
*)FILE="$(dd if="$1" skip=65588 ibs=1 count=6 2>/dev/null)";;
esac
fi
case "$FILE" in
*extended\ partition\ table*) echo "extended";;
*[Rr][Ee][Ii][Ss][Ee][Rr]4*) echo "reiserfs";;
*[Rr][Ee][Ii][Ss][Ee][Rr]*) echo "reiserfs";;
*ISO\ 9660*) echo "iso9660";;
*[Mm][Ii][Nn][Ii][Xx]*) echo "minix";;
*[Xx][Ff][Ss]*) echo "xfs";;
*[Jj][Ff][Ss]*) echo "jfs";;
*[Ee][Xx][Tt]3*) echo "ext3";;
*[Ee][Xx][Tt]2*) echo "ext2";;
*[Ss][Ww][Aa][Pp]*) echo "swap";;
*[Nn][Tt][Ff][Ss]*) echo "ntfs";;
*[Ff][Aa][Tt]*) echo "vfat";;
x86\ boot\ sector*)
# check FAT12 / FAT16
dd if="$1" ibs=1 skip=54 count=8 2>/dev/null | grep -q FAT && echo "vfat" && return
# check FAT32
dd if="$1" ibs=1 skip=82 count=8 2>/dev/null | grep -q FAT && echo "vfat" && return
echo "auto"
;;
*) echo "auto";;
esac
}
#
##########


if [ "$DEVPATH" ]; then
us_PARTITIONS=$(find_partitions_26)
else
us_PARTITIONS=$(find_partitions_3)
fi


if [ -z "$us_PARTITIONS" ]; then
log 1 "Device not found"
log 1 "$(debugOutput)"
exit 0
fi


echo "#!/bin/sh" > $REMOVER
chmod a+x $REMOVER

# find X11 user
#us_XUSER=$(who | grep " :0" | cut -d\ -f1)
us_XUSER=$(ls -ot /tmp/.ICE-unix/[1-9]* 2>/dev/null | awk '{print $3}' | head -1)
if [ $us_XUSER ]; then # user logged in at X11
XUID=$(grep "^$us_XUSER:" /etc/passwd | cut -d: -f3)
XGID=$(grep "^$us_XUSER:" /etc/passwd | cut -d: -f4)
us_OWNER="uid=$XUID,gid=$XGID"
elif [ -d /KNOPPIX/Desktop ]; then # we're running from live CD
us_XUSER=knoppix
XUID=$(grep "^$us_XUSER:" /etc/passwd | cut -d: -f3)
XGID=$(grep "^$us_XUSER:" /etc/passwd | cut -d: -f4)
us_OWNER="uid=$XUID,gid=$XGID"
elif [ $us_DEFAULTUSER ]; then # use Desktop and uid/gid of this user
us_XUSER=$us_DEFAULTUSER
XUID=$(grep "^$us_XUSER:" /etc/passwd | cut -d: -f3)
XGID=$(grep "^$us_XUSER:" /etc/passwd | cut -d: -f4)
us_OWNER="uid=$XUID,gid=$XGID"
elif [ $us_DEFAULTUID ]; then # use default uid and gid of this users
us_XUSER=$(grep ".*:.*:$us_DEFAULTUID:.*" /etc/passwd | cut -d: -f1)
XGID=$(grep ".*:.*:$us_DEFAULTUID:.*" /etc/passwd | cut -d: -f4)
us_OWNER="uid=$us_DEFAULTUID,gid=$XGID"
else
us_OWNER="gid=100"
fi

# mount all partitions on the USB device
for us_PARTITION in $us_PARTITIONS; do
us_DEVICE=/dev/$us_PARTITION

# special case for digicam
if [ "$us_SPECIALDEVICE" ]; then
us_MOUNTPOINT=/mnt/$us_SPECIALNAME
else
us_MOUNTPOINT=/mnt/$us_PARTITION
fi

# skip if device or mountpoint already in use
# TODO: umount mounted devices always at remove
mount | grep "$us_DEVICE \| $us_MOUNTPOINT " >/dev/null
if [ $? -eq 0 ]; then
log 1 -n "Already mounted: "
log 1 "$(mount | grep "$us_DEVICE\|$us_MOUNTPOINT")"
_DEBUG=1
continue
fi

# Make sure, that the Device was there
udev_blockdevice $us_DEVICE

# check filesystem type
if [ "$us_SPECIALDEVICE" ]; then
us_FSTYPE="vfat"
else
us_FSTYPE=$(fstype $us_DEVICE)
fi

log 1 "$us_DEVICE $us_FSTYPE"

case "$us_FSTYPE" in
ext2|ext3|reiserfs|jfs|xfs|minix)
us_MOUNTCMD="/bin/mount -t $us_FSTYPE -o user $us_DEVICE $us_MOUNTPOINT"
;;
ntfs)
# TODO: add useful options
us_MOUNTCMD="/bin/mount -t $us_FSTYPE -o $us_OWNER,umask=0222,ro,user $us_DEVICE $us_MOUNTPOINT"
;;
vfat|auto)
# Better implementation, with bash-Syntax (without 'cut')
VFAT_MAINVER=${KERNEL/\-*/}
[ "${VFAT_MAINVER:0:3}" != "2.6" -o "${VFAT_MAINVER:4:3}" -lt "12" ] && VFAT_SYNC=",sync"
us_MOUNTCMD="/bin/mount -t vfat -s -o $us_OWNER,shortname=mixed,quiet${VFAT_SYNC},umask=0002,user,showexec $us_DEVICE $us_MOUNTPOINT"
;;
none|extended|swap)
continue
;;
*)
# don't mount
log 1 "$us_DEVICE $us_FSTYPE"
continue
;;
esac

# try to mount
mkdir -p $us_MOUNTPOINT
log 1 "$us_MOUNTCMD"
$($us_MOUNTCMD 2>> $LOGFILE)
# continue if no success
if [ $? -ne 0 ]; then
continue
fi

# $REMOVER is executed when the device is pulled
echo "/bin/umount -lf $us_DEVICE" >> $REMOVER
echo "echo \"/bin/umount -lf $us_DEVICE\" >> $LOGFILE" >> $REMOVER

# Logging
echo "echo \"umount $us_DEVICE\" >> $ALLFILE" >> $REMOVER
echo "umount $us_DEVICE" >> $ALLFILE

# Desktop icon for X11
for home in $(awk -F: '{print $6}' /etc/passwd); do
desktop=${home}/Desktop
if [ -d "$desktop" ]; then
case "$us_SPECIALDEVICE" in
camera)
us_XDESKTOPFILE="$desktop/${us_SPECIALNAME}.desktop"
us_XREMOVEFILE="$home/.kde/Autostart/rm_icon_${us_SPECIALNAME}"
makeCameraIcon
;;
*)
us_XDESKTOPFILE="$desktop/USB_${us_PARTITION}.desktop"
us_XREMOVEFILE="$home/.kde/Autostart/rm_icon_USB_${us_PARTITION}"
makeStorageIcon
;;
esac
chown --reference=$desktop $us_XDESKTOPFILE $us_XREMOVEFILE
chmod +x $us_XREMOVEFILE
echo "rm -f $us_XDESKTOPFILE" >> $REMOVER
echo "rm -f $us_XREMOVEFILE" >> $REMOVER
fi
done

sleep 1
done

log 1 "$(debugOutput)"

# hack for "coldplugging" (make $REMOVER newer then /etc/mtab created by mount cmd)
# older files are removed when /etc/init.d/bootmisc.sh is run
sleep 1
echo >> $REMOVER
EndOfScript

chown root.root $FN_SCRIPT
chmod +x $FN_SCRIPT
echo "$FN_SCRIPT wurde installiert"

if [ ! -d /mnt/camera ] ; then
mkdir /mnt/camera
echo "/mnt/camera wurde erzeugt"
fi

if [ ! -f $FN_USER ] ; then
cat >$FN_USER <<"EndOfUser"
#! /bin/sh
# User specific code of usb-storage.
# Argument: product id

# you may change the default icon (usbstick)
# default icon is usbpendrive_mount
# change here for _all_ devices except the special ones
# us_STORAGEICON=usbpendrive_mount

# you may set these variables:
# us_SPECIALDEVICE: only "camera" at the moment
# us_SPECIALNAME: sets the name of desktop file xxx.desktop _and_ mountpoint /mnt/xxx
# us_SPECIALICON: name of a system icon or path to an icon
case "$1" in
3f0/4002/100) # HP photosmart 120 (mass storage mode)
us_SPECIALDEVICE=camera
;;
# uuu/vvv/www) # PRODUCT ID of YOUR camera
# us_SPECIALDEVICE=camera
# ;;
# xxx/yyy/zzz) # PRODUCT ID of YOUR camera
# us_SPECIALDEVICE=camera
# # name is "nikon", mountpoint is "/mnt/nikon"
# us_SPECIALNAME=nikon
# # use a special icon
# us_SPECIALICON=/home/xyz/icons/nikon.png
# ;;
# rrr/sss/ttt) # PRODUCT ID of YOUR storage device
# # change icon
# us_STORAGEICON=nfs_mount
# ;;
esac

# uncomment the next line to use this user if no XUSER exists (coldplugging)
#us_DEFAULTUSER=YOUR_USER_NAME
# uncomment the next line to use this UID if no XUSER exists (coldplugging)
us_DEFAULTUID=1000 # the user created when installed to hd
#
# Set to 'yes' to let usb-storage manually create the Devicenodes when not there
UDEV_SUBTLE_SARGE_HACK="no"

EndOfUser
chown root.root $FN_USER
echo "$FN_USER wurde erzeugt"
fi

echo -e "\nWhen the System is Debian (Sarge) with activated 'udev' (Generating the"
echo -e "/dev Devicenodes on demand) and the entrys under /dev will show up very"
echo -e "slowly, then allow this script to make the (SCSI) Devicenodes manually."
echo -e "To do so use:\n"
echo -e "UDEV_SUBTLE_SARGE_HACK=\"yes\"\n"
echo -e "in the File $FN_USER .\n"


Cut and paste the above script into an editor of your choice (e.g. kate), save as e.g. "/tmp/usb-storage-installer.sh" and execute it (as root) with: "sh /tmp/usb-storage-installe.sh".
If you plug in an usb storage device the hotplug system executes the script /etc/hotplug/usb/usb-storage (if it is executable). A log file is written as /var/log/hotplug/usb-storage.log - there you find the product id of your device and the mount command. Depending on this id the devices are distinguished as "storage" and "camera", the former is mounted as /mnt/sdxn the later is always mounted as /mnt/camera so digikam will find it. Edit "/etc/hotplug/usb/usb-storage-user.sh" to add your cam.
The script mounts every (useful) partition of your device and creates icons on your KDE desktop. If you pull the stick (or camera) the device is unmounted with "umount -l" ("lazy", because the device is already pulled) and the icon disappears.
Don't forget to do a sync before (or right mouseclick on the icon -> action -> save changes)!

Taken from Kanotix site...Kanotix is 100% sid.Kano's scripts work with pure debian system.
If you are concerned maybe one of the coders here can have a look-see at the script to confirm its usage.
Works here on Kanotix and on a debian sid box.
Best I can offer now...sorry
 
Old 07-22-2005, 04:35 PM   #3
saman007uk
Member
 
Registered: Dec 2003
Location: ~root
Distribution: Debian
Posts: 363

Rep: Reputation: 32
doesn't the usbmount script work in SID?
Code:
apt-get install usbmount
Remember to add vfat support in /etc/usbmount/usbmount.conf, and always sync (or unmount cleanly) before removing the USB device, otherwise you will loose data in vfat partitions.
 
Old 07-22-2005, 05:53 PM   #4
dukeinlondon
Member
 
Registered: May 2003
Location: London
Distribution: kubuntu 8.10
Posts: 593
Blog Entries: 1

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 30
Thanks for the kanotix and usbmount suggestions. usbmount requires udev and one of them requires kernel >= 2.6.12 and I am on 2.6.6 because of an ide chipset handling bug, which is fixed in 2.6.12.

Guess it's kernel compile time then !
 
  


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