Welcome to LinuxQuestions.org, a friendly and active Linux Community.
You are currently viewing LQ as a guest. By joining our community you will have the ability to post topics, receive our newsletter, use the advanced search, subscribe to threads and access many other special features. Registration is quick, simple and absolutely free. Join our community today!
Note that registered members see fewer ads, and ContentLink is completely disabled once you log in.
If you have any problems with the registration process or your account login, please contact us. If you need to reset your password, click here.
Having a problem logging in? Please visit this page to clear all LQ-related cookies.
Introduction to Linux - A Hands on Guide
This guide was created as an overview of the Linux Operating System, geared toward new users as an exploration tour and getting started guide, with exercises at the end of each chapter.
For more advanced trainees it can be a desktop reference, and a collection of the base knowledge needed to proceed with system and network administration. This book contains many real life examples derived from the author's experience as a Linux system and network administrator, trainer and consultant. They hope these examples will help you to get a better understanding of the Linux system and that you feel encouraged to try out things on your own.
Click Here to receive this Complete Guide absolutely free.
» Number of reviews : 2 - viewing 10 Per Page
Last Review by weibullguy - posted: 07-03-2008 10:54 PM
I use Cross Linux from Scratch (CLFS) on my ix86 and x86_64 machines in a cluster of six machines. I also use it on an old G4 PowerPC machine. It is easy, if somewhat time consuming, to install. The book provides instructions for a multilib x86_64 build. It is one of the most standards compliant x86_64 distributions I've come across. Switching between the 32-bit and 64-bit tool chain is as simple as using the -m32 or -m64 switch. I've tried other multilib x86_64 distros that provide a 32-bit tool chain AND a 64-bit tool chain rather than one multilib tool chain like CLFS. Keeping architecture specific configuration files (e.g.,mysql_config) separate is done by appending a -32 or -64 to the file name. CLFS provides the multiarch_wrapper program. This is a small C application that reads the USE_ARCH environment variable which is set to either 32 or 64, and selects the correct file to use. This is the only wrapper program required. 32-bit applications run like Firefox don't require wrappers to use 32-bit plugins. Just build the 32-bit version of Firefox and install the plugins just as you would on an ix86 platform. Instructions for over 1000 packages can be found at the CBLFS Wiki (http://cblfs.cross-lfs.org/index.php/Main_Page). There is also a CLFS Hints Wiki (http://hints.cross-lfs.org/index.php/Main_Page). Boot time is acceptable. One of my machines (http://cross-lfs.org/%7Earowland/bootchart.png) boots to run level 3 in under 25 seconds.
Debian offers many thousands of packages from the default repositories. I still had to add a couple of additional repositories to get all of the packages that I wanted. In my mind that is the only negative about Debian, it is "too" stable sometimes. Of course, I haven't found a Linux distro yet that is really unstable.
Stability is one reason I chose Debian because I didn't feel that I needed to be cutting edge for the things I do with the computer. Unfortunately, not every FOSS project out there has the same philosophy as the Debian team regarding stability. I found myself having to install from source more than I wanted to be able to take advantage of some of the latest releases of the software I was using.
I also had an older machine when I became a Linux revolutionary. Debian worked fine on the older machine, but when I built a new box, Debian wasn't taking advantage of the hardware features available. This was the case with Etch as well.
On the other hand, Debian is easy to install. My 12-year old installed Debian 3.0 and only asked me one question. The only thing he asked was whether the URL for one of the Debain mirrors was Michigan State. Not a show-stopper; he could've picked any mirror and installed successfully.
I also like apt-get and the GUI Synaptic. In my experience, apt-get does do a better job of resolving dependencies than rpm. Both are easy to use also. Once again, my 12-year old installs, removes, and updates packages all the time and hasn't busted a thing.
Overall Debian is an outstanding distribution. I certainly respect the Debian team's philosophy regarding stability. However, seriously assess your computing needs, you might find like I did that you're more cutting edge than you think.