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Old 07-25-2005, 07:59 AM   #1
Registered: Apr 2005
Distribution: not sure yet
Posts: 115

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pretty green apache question

hi there,
I just installed apache, and intend to learn a bit about it before i go putting up any web pages. Well, that and secure up my system.

On the default index.html page it says that you should replace this with your web pages asap, but I'm not ready to do that..

How can i just turn apache off? In the windows version there is a system tray icon that lets you do this...I basically want to make it secure while i learn about it.

Thanks for any help offered...
Old 07-25-2005, 08:38 AM   #2
Registered: Oct 2003
Location: St Paul, MN
Distribution: Fedora 8, Fedora 9
Posts: 513

Rep: Reputation: 30
If you're running fedora, as root do

chkconfig httpd off
service httpd stop
The first command stops apache from starting at boot-time; the second stops apache immediately. These commands may work in other distros, but I'm not certain.
Old 07-25-2005, 08:39 AM   #3
Registered: Nov 2003
Posts: 40

Rep: Reputation: 15
The quick and easy way to shutdown a running apache system:

In a terminal type:

sudo apachectl stop

This will not prevent Apache from starting again if the machine is rebooted. I'm more accustomed to controlling my services via slackware, where I would either edit or remove the proper rc file so take this advice for what it is, there may be a different way to do this in Ubuntu (I admit, I have to spend more time using Ubuntu the Ubuntu way).

Apache is started at boot via the init script in the default run level (default run level is set by the /etc/inittab file). On Ubuntu this is run level 2. If you look in /etc you will see different run level configuration directories:

/etc/rc1.d, /etc/rc2.d, and so on.

In each rc#.d directory you will find a list of files that start with either a "S" or a "K." "S" is for start and "K" is for kill. These files are links back to the control script for the service which resides in /etc/init.d.

From a terminal you can delete or move the startup link for apache from the desired run level (in this case 2). If you delete the link it is pretty easy to recreate.

As I am not on a Ubuntu system right now I can only provide a general example, alter per your system.

To delete:

sudo rm /etc/rc2.d/S##apache

To move:

sudo mv /etc/rc2.d/S##apache some_backup_location

To recreate:

sudo ln -s /etc/init.d/apache /etc/rc2.d/S##apache
Old 07-25-2005, 08:45 AM   #4
LQ Newbie
Registered: Jul 2005
Distribution: Slackware 10.0
Posts: 6

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You have to found where it's start. In slackware it start from /etc/rc.d/rc.httpd.
So in my case, I will just have to set this file unexecutable.
Have fun!

Old 07-25-2005, 08:59 AM   #5
Registered: Apr 2004
Location: ..where no life dwells..
Distribution: RH,FC/SuSE/Debian/HPUX/OSX
Posts: 518

Rep: Reputation: 30
you donīt need to stop httpd for replacing the index.htm(l)!!!
just overwrite the files, the next webaccess will show the new site.

BUT nevertheless its always good to know how to start/stop your apache! ;-)
Old 07-27-2005, 08:47 AM   #6
Registered: Apr 2005
Distribution: not sure yet
Posts: 115

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 15
o delete:

sudo rm /etc/rc2.d/S##apache

To move:

sudo mv /etc/rc2.d/S##apache some_backup_location

To recreate:

sudo ln -s /etc/init.d/apache /etc/rc2.d/S##apache

thanks danns, I've done it.

I've got a couple of secondary questions for you or anyone else though:

where can i read about the command/arguement: sudo In -s?
scratch that, its creating a symblic link right? Can i ask why to do this, I would have
copied the file back to the rc2.d dir ?

also - it appears that i had two rc2.d/S##apache files: one 'apache' and one 'apache2'
Does this indicate that i have two versions of apache installed?

thanks for the advice, this is helping me learn.


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