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Old 03-11-2004, 05:05 AM   #1
Registered: Jan 2004
Location: California
Distribution: Slackware 10.1
Posts: 190

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Installing software

Where does everybody install their software? /bin, /usr/bin, etc... What kind of software do you put where? And do you keep the source?
Old 03-11-2004, 05:12 AM   #2
Registered: Aug 2003
Distribution: Slackware, Evil Entity
Posts: 63

Rep: Reputation: 15
software that is install via installpkg ot pkgtool is installed into /usr/bin /bin and /opt

software that is compiled from source code should normally be placed in /usr/local/bin or /opt

personally i have created a folder /build where i keep downloads and the source code when i am building packages from source.

this way i can just go in /build and delete the things that did not compile or a dont need to keep every so oftern so that my system does not get filled up with junk.
Old 03-11-2004, 07:44 AM   #3
LQ Newbie
Registered: Mar 2004
Location: Canada
Distribution: SLACKWARE LINUX - Since 1993
Posts: 15

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It depends on how you install your software. As stated below, you can use "installpkg" to install a slackware specefic filename.tgz file and files will go in different places. Configuration files may end up in /etc/ and binaries usually are in /bin/ /sbin/ /usr/bin/ /usr/sbin /usr/local/bin /usr/local/sbin/ all depends on the software really.

If you compile from source (the best way to install software IMO) then
I like to place all my installed software in /usr/,

read up on installpkg man page to learn how to pass some arguments to installpkg to allow it to show you where the files would be installed. Kind of like a test, it does not run the installation, but tells you what will go where.

also read up on linux partitioning and how it works, and how you should
lay out your system (/usr for software, /boot for kernel, /var for email and logging, /tmp for temporary files, /home for user home directores ) etc.

I like to keep the sources because if you need to recomplie your software to add a new feature, the source is already there and you dont have to go and download it again.
Old 03-12-2004, 01:16 AM   #4
Registered: Dec 2002
Location: California
Distribution: Slackware & LFS
Posts: 799

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You may also be interested in checkinstall. It replaces the 'make install' step when installing from source and creates a Slack (or Redhat or Debian) package, which makes it really easy to uninstall. This is a lot more reliable than most 'make uninstall' procedures and allows you to delete the build directory.

You can also find checkinstall on the Slackware site, but I don't recall where they put it. Search around, it's definitely a worthwhile utility.

--- Cerbere


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