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Old 08-05-2010, 04:51 PM   #1
Registered: Jan 2006
Distribution: Slackware
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Best partition Layout

I hope this is not a repost.

What is the best partition layout?

The OS is in a SATA 200 GB Disk, USB_Drive is a external 500GB USB Drive, LVM have one drive with 2TB

/dev/sda1                       swap                                    swap        defaults                                    0   0
/dev/sda2                       /                                       ext3        defaults                                    1   1
/dev/sda3                       /home                                   ext3        defaults                                    1   2
/dev/disk/by-label/backup       /home/kerml/backup                      ext3        defaults                                    1   2
/dev/lvm_vg/Data                /home/kerml/Data                        ext3        defaults                                    1   2
/dev/disk/by-label/USB_Drive    /home/kerml/USB_Drive                   ext3        defaults                                    1   2
df -h

Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/root              29G  6.4G   21G  24% /
/dev/sda3             148G   60G   82G  43% /home
/dev/sdf1              74G   49G   22G  70% /home/kerml/backup
/dev/lvm_vg/Data      1.8T  1.6T  106G  94% /home/kerml/Data
/dev/sdg1             459G  197G  239G  46% /home/kerml/USB_Drive
I know this is not the ideal for a pc that works as home server.
Anyone suggest a new layout?

Last edited by Laodiceans; 08-05-2010 at 05:10 PM.
Old 08-05-2010, 05:09 PM   #2
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Registered: Aug 2006
Location: Harrisburg, PA
Distribution: Slackware 64 14.0
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Do what you like, it's your computer.

For me, I find that separate /home and /root partitions are all I need. Everything else goes into /.

On my terabyte disk, / gets 100 GB, /root gets 150 GB, and /home gets all the rest (except for 150 GB dedicated to a Windows partition).

I'm actually thinking of shrinking the / and /root partitions because Slackware simply doesn't take that much space and I seldom have much except tarballs in the /root directory.

Old 08-05-2010, 06:28 PM   #3
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PV                   VG     Fmt  Attr PSize   PFree  
/dev/mapper/lukssda5 rootvg lvm2 a-   306.41g 184.91g

Filesystem                  Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/rootvg/lvroot          504M  298M  181M  63% /
/dev/sda1                   3.9G   33M  3.7G   1% /boot
/dev/mapper/rootvg-lvusr     16G  7.3G  7.8G  49% /usr
/dev/mapper/rootvg-lvopt    504M   17M  462M   4% /opt
/dev/mapper/rootvg-lvvar     16G  297M   15G   2% /var
/dev/mapper/rootvg-lvtmp    504M   17M  462M   4% /tmp
/dev/mapper/rootvg-lvhome   7.9G  3.7G  3.9G  49% /home
/dev/mapper/rootvg-lvlocal   79G   77G  1.9G  98% /local
tmpfs                       2.0G     0  2.0G   0% /dev/shm
That's what mine looks like at the moment (ignore the silly size of /boot. It's that big for historic reasons)

Plenty of room left in the vg to expand any lvs when they need it. Trick to running with lvm is to not allocate everything at the start. Keep the space back and add it to your lvs as needed.

When I next get around to reworking it I'll most likely merge both /usr and /opt back into '/' but keep the rest the same.

There's no right answer though. it's all personal preference.
Old 08-05-2010, 07:43 PM   #4
Registered: Feb 2009
Distribution: Slackware, Arch
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This is mine

PV         VG   Fmt  Attr PSize   PFree 
/dev/sda2  myvg lvm2 a-   148.95g 86.95g

Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/myvg/root        9.9G  6.2G  3.3G 66%  /
/dev/mapper/myvg-home 50G   19G   29G  40%  /home
/dev/sda1             97M   19M   74M  21%  /boot
tmpfs                 500M  140K  500M 1%   /dev/shm

Last edited by piratesmack; 08-05-2010 at 07:48 PM.
Old 08-05-2010, 09:26 PM   #5
Registered: Dec 2008
Location: New York
Distribution: Slack -current, siduction
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I don't get too fancy myself. On any linux install besides a swap partition I go for a / and /home
only generally in the proportion of 30%/70% respective of disk space.
Old 08-06-2010, 03:30 AM   #6
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I always keep an empty partition of the same size a my / partition. That way when a new version comes along I can do a fresh install and get it fully working before I swap over to my "working" system. i.e. / for 13.1 is currently sda3 for 13.0 it was sda1 and for 13.2/14.0 it will also be sda1. This way I always have a fully working backup system (as long as I don't get a hardware failure - then I have to use the XP laptop - yuch!).

Old 08-06-2010, 08:01 AM   #7
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I do it this way so I can do a clean install of a new release without having to copy everything off to another server or back up media (I just don't format the non-root partitions when doing the fstab part of the installation -- saves a whole lot of time and trouble):
Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/root             9.2G  6.5G  2.3G  75% /
/dev/sda6              19G  1.5G   16G   9% /usr/local
/dev/sda7              19G  1.3G   17G   8% /opt
/dev/sda8              19G  195M   18G   2% /var/lib/mysql
/dev/sda9              19G  9.5G  8.0G  55% /var/lib/virtual
/dev/sda10             19G  2.4G   16G  14% /home
/dev/sda11            104G  7.6G   91G   8% /spares
tmpfs                 1.5G     0  1.5G   0% /dev/shm
/dev/sda2              20G   17G  3.0G  85% /fat-c
Hope this helps some.
Old 08-06-2010, 11:30 AM   #8
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Put your least important partition to the innermost region (highest track numbers). The heads are nearest to the plate in this (dangerous) region.

I had my /usr/src destroyed under low air pressure because it's the last partition. Fortunately my /home is in the middle so it had no problem.
Old 08-06-2010, 06:55 PM   #9
Registered: Oct 2007
Location: Norway
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I have it like this
Filesystem            Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on
/dev/root              14G  8,6G  4,5G  66% /
/dev/sda2              16G   10G  4,9G  67% /home
/dev/sdc1             148G   76G   65G  54% /mp3
/dev/sdc2             311G  218G   78G  74% /video
tmpfs                1009M     0 1009M   0% /dev/shm
/dev/sdb6              19G   12G  6,4G  64% /stuff
/dev/loop0            4,1G  4,1G     0 100% /media/cdrom0
I know, having sub-directories in / violates LSB or posix or whatever, but I'm lazy. I had mp3, video and stuff in /usr/local/ some time ago, but soon I got tired and symlinked to /, and eventually just ended up mounting them directly at the root.

And another thing, since guanx mentioned sectors. I wasn't aware that some sections were more likely to get corrupt, but the seek-time in the other region of the plate is less then on the inner part. Before I changed to SSD, I always had /home at the end.
Old 08-06-2010, 08:55 PM   #10
Registered: May 2010
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I agree with the people above: it's whatever floats your boat. For my own computer, I see no reason to separate / from /home, since instead of preventing one partition from overflowing, now I have to watch two, or three, or whatever, and space gets wasted at the same time. What I found really useful, though, is having at least two similarly sized partitions around, both ready for a GNU/Linux install (e.g., ext3 or ext4). The spare one can be used to test and possibly migrate to a different distribution, and also serves as a place for large temporary files (my Downloads folder links to that). Right now I actually have them on two different hard drives, which really simplified my last Ubuntu -> Slackware migration.


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