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Old 06-12-2002, 11:50 AM   #1
CBenner
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Shell variable in Linux is reset after while loop


Recently I had to move some shell scripts from and AIX box to a Linux box and some of the code is giving giving me different results. Specifically, a variable incremented inside of a while loop reverted back to the value that it was set to before the loop. In AIX the value of the variable after the loop remained the highest value it had achived within the loop. I have provided an example below; it is not the actual code. Any assistance would be appreciated.

#!/bin/ksh
ls -l * 2>/dev/null | awk '{print $9}' > /tmp/dirlist$$
lcount=0
echo "Info: $lcount"
cat /tmp/dirlist$$ | while read filename
do
let lcount=$lcount+1
echo "Info: $lcount $filename"
done
echo "Info: $lcount"
rm /tmp/dirlist$$
exit
---------
The final "echo" displays a value of 0 in Linux, and the "correct" value in AIX.

Curt...
 
Old 06-12-2002, 09:35 PM   #2
crabboy
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I pasted your example into a file and executed it on my slack box. This was my final line:
Code:
Info: 36
Worked correctly. The only think that I can think of is that you do not have a true korn shell on your linux box. Perhaps /bin/ksh is a link to /bin/bash???

Try replacing the line "let lcount=$lcount+1" with:
Code:
lcount=`expr $lcount + 1`
And see if is any different. I wouldn't think so since it's incrementing anyway.

I was also wondering why you were using ls -l and pulling out field 9 instead of just using ls? Is there some odd condition you are working around. And do you really need the tmp file?

Code:
#!/bin/sh

COUNT=0

echo "Info: $COUNT"
for FILE in `ls`; do
   COUNT=`expr $COUNT + 1` 
   echo "Info: $COUNT $FILE"
done
echo "Info: $COUNT"
 
Old 06-13-2002, 07:56 AM   #3
CBenner
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I orignally used the "expr" command, but have read that using "let" is faster and more efficient. Either way the results were the same (and incorrect). Also, In the real script, I am using awk to "pull" and manipulate other fields as well as field 9.
 
Old 06-13-2002, 10:31 AM   #4
crabboy
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Yes 'let' is faster since it does not have to spawn a process.

I just tried your script on another linux box, AIX and Sun box and they all worked correctly. One thing I noticed, however; when you do the 'ls -l *' it displays directory names and contents of the directory at the first level. When awk gets a hold if it, it produces blank lines in the output, and even counts the blank lines.
 
Old 06-13-2002, 03:30 PM   #5
CBenner
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Changing
cat /tmp/dirlist$$ | while read filename
to
for filename in `cat /tmp/dirlist$$`
produced the correct results! Strange!!!

I'll just change the script and stop wasting time trying to figure out why it wouldn't work as written our Linux box ( ksh version - @(#)PD KSH v5.2.14 99/07/13.2).

BTW - I comment out the rm of any /tmp files when I am debugging my scripts. There is probably a better way, but it works for me.

Thanks,

Curt...
 
Old 07-07-2002, 06:51 PM   #6
kervin
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I've realized that if you want anything *near* portable shell script one has to work with bourne, ie. '/bin/sh'

but even that isn't foulproof, as most distros use bash as their bourne shell and there are a few differences between bash in bourne mode and most other bourne implementations.
 
Old 05-19-2006, 10:13 AM   #7
cool244
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variables losing value after while

Quote:
Originally Posted by kervin
I've realized that if you want anything *near* portable shell script one has to work with bourne, ie. '/bin/sh'

but even that isn't foulproof, as most distros use bash as their bourne shell and there are a few differences between bash in bourne mode and most other bourne implementations.

I am also facing same problem with while loop. I may not be able to use for, because I have multiple variables.

for example:

vmstat 1 6 | while read a b c d e f g h

anyone knows how to use for in place of while in above situation.

For me also variables are getting reset.

with regards
 
Old 05-19-2006, 10:46 AM   #8
crabboy
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What exactly do you want to do with the vmstat output?

I don't really understand your problem.
 
  


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