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Old 10-06-2004, 09:07 PM   #1
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Registered: Oct 2004
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semaphores and threads

Hi everyone,

I am writing a very simple multithreaded program. I am using semaphores to synchronize the threads. The program behaves similar with or without sem_wait and sem_post; i.e., even if I do not use sem_wait and sem_post the threads synchronize correctly and I do not observe any race condition between the threads in incrementing the counter. I appreciate if you inform me of your findings in this piece of code.

I compile the program as follows:

gcc -lpthread myprog.c

Here is the code of my program:

struct idList {
pthread_t thID;
struct idList *next;

long counter = 0; /* variable to be incremented by each thread */
sem_t mysemaphore; /* global semaphore */

/* This function specifies the body of each thread */

void *some_thread( void *param)

int j , temp;
int id = *(int *)param;

free( param);

for( j = 0; j < UPPER; j++ ) {

sem_wait( &mysemaphore ); /* semaphore WAIT operation */
counter = counter + 1;

sem_post( &mysemaphore ); /* semaphore SIGNAL operation */

pthread_exit( NULL );

main( int argc, char *argv[] )


pthread_t *threadID; // The ID of the newly created thread

/* Initialize the mutual exclusion semaphore */
sem_init( &mysemaphore, 0, n);
struct idList *root; // Points to a linked list of thread IDs
struct idList *currNode, *temp;

/* Create n identical threads */

for( i = 0; i < n; i++ ) {
param = (int *)malloc(sizeof(int));
*param = i; /* SEPARATE copy of its parameter */

temp = (struct idList *) malloc(sizeof(struct idList));

if (!i) { root = temp; currNode = temp; }

threadID = (pthread_t *)malloc(sizeof(pthread_t));

int thCrEr = pthread_create( threadID , NULL, some_thread, param);

if ( thCrEr )
printf("Error in creating a new thread!!!");

temp->thID = *threadID;
temp->next = NULL;
currNode->next = temp;
currNode = temp;

printf("A new thread created with ID %d \n", *threadID);

currNode = root;

/* Wait for all the threads to exit */

for( i = 0; i < n; i++ ) {
pthread_join( currNode->thID, NULL);
currNode = currNode->next;


/* Display final contents of counter */
printf( "\nFinal value of counter: %d", counter );
printf( " (should be %d)\n", n*UPPER );



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