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Old 06-17-2004, 09:36 AM   #1
LQ Newbie
Registered: Oct 2003
Posts: 14

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Raw socket creation error (IPPROTO_IP not supported)

hi all,

I tried creating a raw socket in Redhat Advanced server 3.0 . Problem is socket creation fails if the protocol family is IPPROTO_IP or IPPROTO_RAW. I checked out the values for these macros in the header file . They are

IPPROTO_IP ---> 255

I am interested in creating a RAW SOCKET (SOCK_RAW) only

. Socket creation succeeds for other protocol family like IPPROTO_TCP of IPPROTO_ICMP .. etc. The following is the code snippet .

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ Code Starts here ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <netdb.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <arpa/inet.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <iostream.h>

int main()
int fd;
struct sockaddr_in serv_sock,cli_sock;

if ((fd = socket(AF_INET,SOCK_RAW,0)) < 0)
cout<<"error "<<errno<<endl;

//raw sockets dont require binding .. do they ??

fd_set fdset;

int ret = select(fd+1,&fdset,NULL,NULL,NULL);
if (FD_ISSET(fd,&fdset))


printf("program terminates");
return 0;

^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^ Code Ends here ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

My problem is only with socket creation using IPPROTO_IP or IPPROTO_RAW ... the value of errno after the call is 94 which is # defined in <asm/errno.h> as

#define ESOCKTNOSUPPORT 94 /* Socket type not supported */

Does redhat AS 3.0 not allow creation of IPPROTO_IP or IPPROTO_RAW type sockets.
do i have to enable the support in kernel.

Thanks a ton in advance !!!

Warm Regards

N.Harris ur rahman
Old 06-17-2004, 12:37 PM   #2
Registered: Mar 2003
Posts: 804

Rep: Reputation: 30
u need to use _TCP/_UDP/_ICMP , those others won't work. but u can do everything that u need with the above mentioned. if u want to see outgoing packets, u need to do:
    struct sockaddr_ll     sa;
    sa.sll_family = PF_PACKET;  //always this 
    sa.sll_protocol = htons(ETH_P_ALL); //must set this to ALL if we want copy of outgoing packets, read below

        //make the socket; ETH_P_ALL must be set regardless of the packets we want
        //please see the pf_main.c source file for an explanation of this
        if( (sock = socket(PF_PACKET, SOCK_RAW, htons(ETH_P_ALL))) <= 1) //create socket
                return 0;

        //in order to recieve outgoing packets we need to bind to ETH_P_ALL
        if( (bind(sock, (struct sockaddr *)&sa, salen)) != 0 )


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