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Old 11-19-2012, 03:29 PM   #1
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Bash Populate array and ignore lines with certain characters

I'm trying to read a DNS file with a list of hosts into an array. I think I have the array populated, but I would like to ignore lines with certain chars, such as semicolon, at (@) sign, etc. I'm not sure how to do so. Can you point me in the right direction?

Right now, the below populates everything into an array. Thanks!

array=( $(ssh $USER@$DNS_SERVER "cat /var/cache/bind/dns_hosts | awk '{print \$1}'") )

echo ${array[@]}
Old 11-19-2012, 03:59 PM   #2
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I think I figured it out, but just in case anyone has better suggestions, I'm all ears:

array=( $(ssh $USER@$DNS_SERVER "cat /var/cache/bind/dns_hosts | grep -v ';' | grep -v '@' | awk '{print \$1}'") )

Old 11-19-2012, 08:14 PM   #3
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awk generally subsumes grep's functionality:
grep -v ';' | grep -v '@' | awk '{print $1}'
## can be written as
awk '!/;|@/{print $1}'
## or
awk '!/[;@]/{print $1}'
Also, you have a Useless Use of Cat:
cat file | command
## can be written as
< file command
## when command is awk, you can also use
awk '{awk code}' file
array=( $(ssh $USER@$DNS_SERVER "awk '!/[@;]/{print \$1}' /var/cache/bind/dns_hosts") )


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