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Old 05-25-2011, 05:06 AM   #1
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API to know who made changes to a file on linux using 'C' or C++

Please help me to provide the API to know who made changes to a file on linux using 'C' or C++

Old 05-25-2011, 06:49 AM   #2
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You can use the stat() library function to deduce information about a particular file. Although this function is useful to determine the owner/group associated with the file, I do not believe there is anything that will tell you as to what user in a group, if the file permissions permit it, last modified the file.

For more info on stat(), reference the man-page:
man 2 stat
Old 05-25-2011, 12:26 PM   #3
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Originally Posted by nagendrar View Post
Please help me to provide the API to know who made changes to a file on linux using 'C' or C++
You need to monitor the changes while they happen, of course. We don't have time machines, yet.

If you are only interested in being notified of changes, use the inotify interface.

If you wish to audit changes -- say, you need to e.g. take a backup of a file before someone opens it for read-write or truncates it, therefore delaying the opener for a bit --, you need to use the Linux kernel audit subsystem. See audit_open, audit_add_rule and so on for details.

Note that either one of these is simpler to implement using shell scripts (inotify via inotifytools package, especially the inotifywait command, and audit via auditd package, especially the auditctl command. The C interfaces above require you to use low-level (netlink) sockets and I/O, possibly signals too; standard libraries like stdio won't help you with those.


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