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Old 01-02-2016, 12:54 PM   #1
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Registered: May 2009
Location: Central coast of California.
Distribution: Xubuntu
Posts: 20

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Using "here documents" in batch jobs not working

I'm thinking about using batch(1) for some simple but numerous things I want to do on my hobby project. A few hundred thousand of them before I'm done. The most obvious way to do this for me involves putting data in a "here document". This is not working for me, either in at(1) jobs or batch(1) jobs.


kevin:~$ at noon
warning: commands will be executed using /bin/sh
at> echo <<EOF >noon.output
at> foo
at> bar
at> EOF
at> <EOT
job 9 at Sat Jan 2 12:00:00 2016

Using "at -c 9" I can see that the job consists of a bunch of environment setup scripting followed by just what I would expect:

cd /home/kevin || {
echo 'Execution directory inaccessible' >&2
exit 1
echo <<EOF >noon.output

But when the job executes, what I get in noon.output is a single blank line (a file containing only a newline).

Now I know how to work around this by creating temporary files containing the data, but that's a complication I'd rather avoid. Besides, I just want to know why this isn't working. It's not a
problem with /bin/sh that I know of, since that shell does here documents just fine.

Any ideas? Is there a better place to ask this?

Last edited by 4dummies; 01-02-2016 at 01:04 PM.
Old 01-02-2016, 02:06 PM   #2
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Registered: Nov 2005
Distribution: Debian, Arch
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You should use cat instead of echo, because echo doesn't read stdin (here-documents send their data to stdin).
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