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Old 10-02-2012, 12:15 PM   #1
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SED - How to replace a control character (NAK) from a text file

I have a text (EDI) file which uses the NAK (hex 15) as a record separator. I need to replace it with a newline so I can further process the file.
I searched for a solution with Google. The echo in the command below is supposed to handle the control character but I get the unterminated command error. Putting single quotes around the substitute gives an unknown command error.

How can I get this to work?



sed s/'`echo "\025"`'/\nl/g < 1004596447.edi >
sed: -e expression #1, char 8: unterminated `s' command
Old 10-02-2012, 12:45 PM   #2
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Instead of
sed s/'`echo "\025"`'/\nl/g  < 1004596447.edi > junkfile
1. you would need -e in the echo command to get escape sequences processed
2. in your sed command put the quotes around the whole command not just one bit
3. and you would need double quotes if you want backticks to take effect inside them
sed "s/`echo -e "\025"`/\nl/g"  < 1004596447.edi > junkfile
4. but most of all, you don't need that use of echo; regular expressions allow you to match hex characters directly
sed "s/\x15/\nl/g"  < 1004596447.edi > junkfile
5. you probably meant just \n not \nl
6. you don't need to redirect input - sed takes an input file name
sed "s/\x15/\n/g" 1004596447.edi > junkfile

Last edited by SecretCode; 10-02-2012 at 12:46 PM.
Old 10-02-2012, 04:15 PM   #3
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Thanks for your help. Greatly appreciated.

Old 10-04-2012, 11:14 AM   #4
David the H.
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sed is a bit overweight for this function. It's usually recommended to use tr for one-to-one character translation.

tr '\025' '\n' <infile >outfile
And please use ***[code][/code] tags*** around your code and data, to preserve the original formatting and to improve readability. Do not use quote tags, bolding, colors, "start/end" lines, or other creative techniques.

Edit: BTW, bash and other advanced shells have a relatively new "ansi-c" form of quoting: $'..', that expands backslashed characters in a way similar to echo -e. So you could also do this in sed:

sed $'s/\x15/\n/g' <infile >outfile

Last edited by David the H.; 10-04-2012 at 11:20 AM. Reason: changed hex to octal


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