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Old 10-30-2007, 03:31 PM   #1
Registered: May 2007
Location: London, UK.
Distribution: Major:FC8. Others:Debian;Zenwalk; Arch; Slack; RHEL.
Posts: 544

Rep: Reputation: 30
samba share not visible.


I used to have this working under another distro.

Okay, so I've got this mountpoint /usr/share/media overwhich I mount a ext2 partition with music+videos on.

To remove any permission issues I've chmod 777 the mountpoint and all files within. The owner of the mountpoint at the files is "daz" The share name is "media$"

I'm running PClinux with GNOME (GNOME remaster) and setup smb using the "configure my computer". The valid users are "daz".

I'm connecting to the host via Xbox. Xbox media centre complains that it cannot find the computer name "desktop". I've set the host name to desktop in /etc/hosts /etc/hostname and with the "hostname" command.

What is wierd is that the hostname keeps changing back to "localhost" on reboot and the "smbtree" command shows nothing.

I set this up before using KDE control centre and it worked.

Any ideas?

Here is my /etc/samba/smb.conf:

# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
# smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
# here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options (perhaps too
# many!) most of which are not shown in this example
# Any line which starts with a ; (semi-colon) or a # (hash) 
# is a comment and is ignored. In this example we will use a #
# for commentry and a ; for parts of the config file that you
# may wish to enable
# NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command "testparm"
# to check that you have not made any basic syntactic errors. 
#======================= Global Settings =====================================
    # 1. Server Naming Options:
    # workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name
    workgroup = MDKGROUP
    # netbios name is the name you will see in "Network Neighbourhood",
    # but defaults to your hostname
    #  netbios name = <name_of_this_server>
    # server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
    server string = Samba Server %v
    # Message command is run by samba when a "popup" message is sent to it.
    # The example below is for use with LinPopUp:
    ; message command = /usr/bin/linpopup "%f" "%m" %s; rm %s
    # 2. Printing Options:
    # (as cups is now used in linux-mandrake 7.2 by default)
    # if you want to automatically load your printer list rather
    # than setting them up individually then you'll need this
    printcap name = cups
    load printers = yes
    # It should not be necessary to spell out the print system type unless
    # yours is non-standard. Currently supported print systems include:
    # bsd, sysv, plp, lprng, aix, hpux, qnx, cups
    printing = cups
    # Samba 2.2 supports the Windows NT-style point-and-print feature. To
    # use this, you need to be able to upload print drivers to the samba
    # server. The printer admins (or root) may install drivers onto samba.
    # Note that this feature uses the print$ share, so you will need to 
    # enable it below.
    # printer admin = @<group> <user>
    printer admin = @adm
    # This should work well for winbind:
    #   printer admin = @"Domain Admins"
    # 3. Logging Options:
    # this tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
    # that connects
    log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m
    # Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb).
    max log size = 50
    # Set the log (verbosity) level (0 <= log level <= 10)
    # log level = 3
    # 4. Security and Domain Membership Options:
    # This option is important for security. It allows you to restrict
    # connections to machines which are on your local network. The
    # following example restricts access to two C class networks and
    # the "loopback" interface. For more examples of the syntax see
    # the smb.conf man page. Do not enable this if (tcp/ip) name resolution does
    # not work for all the hosts in your network.
    #   hosts allow = 192.168.1. 192.168.2. 127.
    # Uncomment this if you want a guest account, you must add this to /etc/passwd
    # otherwise the user "nobody" is used
    #  guest account = pcguest
    # Allow users to map to guest:
    map to guest = bad user
    # Security mode. Most people will want user level security. See
    # security_level.txt for details.
    security = user
    # Use password server option only with security = server or security = domain
    # When using security = domain, you should use password server = *
    #   password server = <NT-Server-Name>
    #   password server = *
    # Password Level allows matching of _n_ characters of the password for
    # all combinations of upper and lower case.
    #  password level = 8
    #  username level = 8
    # You may wish to use password encryption. Please read
    # ENCRYPTION.txt, Win95.txt and WinNT.txt in the Samba documentation.
    # Do not enable this option unless you have read those documents
    # Encrypted passwords are required for any use of samba in a Windows NT domain
    # The smbpasswd file is only required by a server doing authentication, thus
    # members of a domain do not need one.
    encrypt passwords = yes
    smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd
    # The following are needed to allow password changing from Windows to
    # also update the Linux system password.
    # NOTE: Use these with 'encrypt passwords' and 'smb passwd file' above.
    # NOTE2: You do NOT need these to allow workstations to change only
    #        the encrypted SMB passwords. They allow the Unix password
    #        to be kept in sync with the SMB password.
    ;  unix password sync = Yes
    # You either need to setup a passwd program and passwd chat, or
    # enable pam password change
    ;  pam password change = yes
    #  passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
    ;  passwd chat = *New*UNIX*password* %n\n *Re*ype*new*UNIX*password* %n\n \
    # Unix users can map to different SMB User names
    ;  username map = /etc/samba/smbusers
    # Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
    # on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
    # of the machine that is connecting
    #   include = /etc/samba/smb.conf.%m
    # Options for using winbind. Winbind allows you to do all account and
    # authentication from a Windows or samba domain controller, creating
    # accounts on the fly, and maintaining a mapping of Windows RIDs to unix uid's 
    # and gid's. winbind uid and winbind gid are the only required parameters.
    # winbind uid is the range of uid's winbind can use when mapping RIDs to uid's
    #  idmap uid = 10000-20000
    # winbind gid is the range of uid's winbind can use when mapping RIDs to gid's
    #  idmap gid = 10000-20000
    # winbind separator is the character a user must use between their domain
    # name and username, defaults to "\"
    #  winbind separator = +
    # winbind use default domain allows you to have winbind return usernames
    # in the form user instead of DOMAIN+user for the domain listed in the
    # workgroup parameter.
    #  winbind use default domain = yes
    # template homedir determines the home directory for winbind users, with 
    # %D expanding to their domain name and %U expanding to their username:
    #  template homedir = /home/%D/%U
    # When using winbind, you may want to have samba create home directories
    # on the fly for authenticated users. Ensure that /etc/pam.d/samba is
    # using 'service=system-auth-winbind' in pam_stack modules, and then
    # enable obedience of pam restrictions below:
    #  obey pam restrictions = yes
    # template shell determines the shell users authenticated by winbind get
    #  template shell = /bin/bash
    # 5. Browser Control and Networking Options:
    # Most people will find that this option gives better performance.
    # See speed.txt and the manual pages for details
    socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192
    # Configure Samba to use multiple interfaces
    # If you have multiple network interfaces then you must list them
    # here. See the man page for details.
    #   interfaces = 
    # Configure remote browse list synchronisation here
    #  request announcement to, or browse list sync from:
    #       a specific host or from / to a whole subnet (see below)
    #   remote browse sync =
    # Cause this host to announce itself to local subnets here
    #   remote announce =
    # set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master
    # browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply
    #   local master = no
    # OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser
    # elections. The default value should be reasonable
    #   os level = 33
    # Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This
    # allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this
    # if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job
    #   domain master = yes 
    # Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup
    # and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election
    #   preferred master = yes
    # 6. Domain Control Options:
    # Enable this if you want Samba to be a domain logon server for 
    # Windows95 workstations or Primary Domain Controller for WinNT and Win2k
    #   domain logons = yes
    # if you enable domain logons then you may want a per-machine or
    # per user logon script
    # run a specific logon batch file per workstation (machine)
    #   logon script = %m.bat
    # run a specific logon batch file per username
    #   logon script = %U.bat
    # Where to store roaming profiles for WinNT and Win2k
    #        %L substitutes for this servers netbios name, %U is username
    #        You must uncomment the [Profiles] share below
    #   logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%U
    # Where to store roaming profiles for Win9x. Be careful with this as it also
    # impacts where Win2k finds it's /HOME share
    # logon home = \\%L\%U\.profile
    # The add user script is used by a domain member to add local user accounts
    # that have been authenticated by the domain controller, or when adding
    # users via the Windows NT Tools (ie User Manager for Domains).
    # Scripts for file (passwd, smbpasswd) backend:
    # add user script = /usr/sbin/useradd -s /bin/false '%u'
    # delete user script = /usr/sbin/userdel '%s'
    # add user to group script = /usr/bin/gpasswd -a '%u' '%g'
    # delete user from group script = /usr/bin/gpasswd -d '%u' '%g'
    # set primary group script = /usr/sbin/usermod -g '%g' '%u'
    # add group script = /usr/sbin/groupadd %g && getent group '%g'|awk -F: '{print $3}'
    # delete group script = /usr/sbin/groupdel '%g'
    # Scripts for LDAP backend (assumes nss_ldap is in use on the domain controller,
    # and needs configuration in
    # add user script = /usr/share/samba/scripts/ '%u'
    # delete user script = /usr/share/samba/scripts/ '%u'
    # add user to group script = /usr/share/samba/scripts/ -m '%u' '%g'
    # delete user from group script = /usr/share/samba/scripts/ -x '%u' '%g'
    # set primary group script = /usr/share/samba/scripts/ -g '%g' '%u'
    # add group script = /usr/share/samba/scripts/ '%g' && /usr/share/samba/scripts/ %g|awk '/^gidNumber:/ {print $2}'
    # delete group script = /usr/share/samba/scripts/ '%g'
    # The add machine script is use by a samba server configured as a domain
    # controller to add local machine accounts when adding machines to the domain.
    # The script must work from the command line when replacing the macros,
    # or the operation will fail. Check that groups exist if forcing a group.
    # Script for domain controller for adding machines:
    # add machine script = /usr/sbin/useradd -d /dev/null -g machines -c 'Machine Account' -s /bin/false -M %u
    # Script for domain controller with LDAP backend for adding machines (please
    # configure in /etc/samba/ first):
    # add machine script = /usr/share/samba/scripts/ -w -d /dev/null -g machines -c 'Machine Account' -s /bin/false %u
    # Domain groups:
    # Domain groups are now configured by using the 'net groupmap' tool
    # Samba Password Database configuration:
    # Samba now has runtime-configurable password database backends. Multiple
    # passdb backends may be used, but users will only be added to the first one
    # Default:
    # passdb backend = smbpasswd guest
    # TDB backen with fallback to smbpasswd and guest
    # passdb backend = tdbsam smbpasswd guest
    # LDAP with fallback to smbpasswd guest
    # Enable SSL by using an ldaps url, or enable tls with 'ldap ssl' below.
    # passdb backend = ldapsam:ldaps:// smbpasswd guest
    # Use the samba2 LDAP schema:
    # passdb backend = ldapsam_compat:ldaps:// smbpasswd guest
    # Idmap settings (set idmap uid and idmap gid above):
    # Idmap backend to use:
    # idmap backend = ldap:ldap://
    # LDAP configuration for Domain Controlling:
    # The account (dn) that samba uses to access the LDAP server
    # This account needs to have write access to the LDAP tree
    # You will need to give samba the password for this dn, by 
    # running 'smbpasswd -w mypassword'
    # ldap admin dn = cn=root,dc=mydomain,dc=com
    # ldap ssl = start_tls
    # start_tls should run on 389, but samba defaults incorrectly to 636
    # ldap port = 389
    # ldap suffix = dc=mydomain,dc=com
    # Seperate suffixes are available for machines, users, groups, and idmap, if 
    # ldap suffix appears first, it is appended to the specific suffix.
    # Example for a unix-ish directory layout:
    # ldap machine suffix = ou=Hosts
    # ldap user suffix = ou=People
    # ldap group suffix = ou=Group
    # ldap idmap suffix = ou=Idmap
    # Example for AD-ish layout:
    # ldap machine suffix = cn=Computers
    # ldap user suffix = cn=Users
    # ldap group suffix = cn=Groups
    # ldap idmap suffix = cn=Idmap
    # 7. Name Resolution Options:
    # All NetBIOS names must be resolved to IP Addresses
    # 'Name Resolve Order' allows the named resolution mechanism to be specified
    # the default order is "host lmhosts wins bcast". "host" means use the unix
    # system gethostbyname() function call that will use either /etc/hosts OR
    # DNS or NIS depending on the settings of /etc/host.config, /etc/nsswitch.conf
    # and the /etc/resolv.conf file. "host" therefore is system configuration
    # dependant. This parameter is most often of use to prevent DNS lookups
    # in order to resolve NetBIOS names to IP Addresses. Use with care!
    # The example below excludes use of name resolution for machines that are NOT
    # on the local network segment
    # - OR - are not deliberately to be known via lmhosts or via WINS.
    # name resolve order = wins lmhosts bcast
    # Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
    # WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server
    #   wins support = yes
    # WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
    #       Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
    #   wins server = w.x.y.z
    # WINS Proxy - Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on
    # behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be
    # at least one  WINS Server on the network. The default is NO.
    #   wins proxy = yes
    # DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names
    # via DNS nslookups. The built-in default for versions 1.9.17 is yes,
    # this has been changed in version 1.9.18 to no.
    dns proxy = no
# You can enable VFS recycle bin and on-access virus-scanning on a per 
# share basis:
# Uncomment the next 2 lines (make sure you create a .recycle folder in 
# the base of the share and ensure all users will have write access to it.
# For virus scanning, install samba-vscan-clamav and ensure the clamd service
# is running
#   vfs objects = vscan-clamav recycle
#   vscan-clamav: config-file = /etc/samba/vscan-clamav.conf

# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
# [netlogon]
#   comment = Network Logon Service
#   path = /var/lib/samba/netlogon
#   guest ok = yes
#   writable = no

#Uncomment the following 2 lines if you would like your login scripts to
#be created dynamically by ntlogon (check that you have it in the correct
#location (the default of the ntlogon rpm available in contribs)
#root preexec = /usr/bin/ntlogon -u "%U" -g "%G" -o %a -d /var/lib/samba/netlogon/
#root postexec = rm -f "/var/lib/samba/netlogon/%U.bat"

# Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share
# the default is to use the user's home directory
#    path = /var/lib/samba/profiles
#    browseable = no
#    guest ok = yes
#    writable = yes
# This script can be enabled to create profile directories on the fly
# You may want to turn off guest acces if you enable this, as it
# hasn't been thoroughly tested.
#root preexec = PROFILE="/var/lib/samba/profiles/%u"; if [ ! -e $PROFILE ]; \
#                then mkdir -pm700 $PROFILE; chown "%u":"%g" $PROFILE;fi
# If you want read-only profiles, fake permissions so windows clients think
# they have written to the files
# vfs objects = fake_perms

# NOTE: If you have a CUPS print system there is no need to 
# specifically define each individual printer.
# You must configure the samba printers with the appropriate Windows
# drivers on your Windows clients or upload the printer driver to the
# server from Windows (NT/2000/XP). On the Samba server no filtering is
# done. If you wish that the server provides the driver and the clients
# send PostScript ("Generic PostScript Printer" under Windows), you have
# to use 'printcap name = cups' or swap the 'print command' line below 
# with the commented one. Note that print commands only work if not using 
# 'printing=cups'
    comment = All Printers
    path = /var/spool/samba
    browseable = no
    # to allow user 'guest account' to print.
    guest ok = yes
    writable = no
    printable = yes
    create mode = 0700
    # =====================================
    # print command: see above for details.
    # =====================================
    print command = lpr-cups -P %p -o raw %s -r # using client side printer drivers.
    #   print command = lpr-cups -P %p %s # using cups own drivers (use generic PostScript on clients).
    # If you install drivers on the server, you will want to uncomment this so
    # clients request the driver 
    use client driver = yes

# This share is used for Windows NT-style point-and-print support.
# To be able to install drivers, you need to be either root, or listed
# in the printer admin parameter above. Note that you also need write access
# to the directory and share definition to be able to upload the drivers.
# For more information on this, please see the Printing Support Section of
# /usr/share/doc/samba-<version>/docs/Samba-HOWTO-Collection.pdf 
# A special case is using the CUPS Windows Postscript driver, which allows
# all features available via CUPS on the client, by publishing the ppd file
# and the cups driver by using the 'cupsaddsmb' tool. This requires the
# installation of the CUPS driver ( 
# on the server, but doesn't require you to use Windows at all :-).
    path = /var/lib/samba/printers
    browseable = yes
    write list = @adm root
    guest ok = yes
    inherit permissions = yes
# Settings suitable for Winbind:
# write list = @"Domain Admins" root
# force group = +@"Domain Admins"

# A useful application of samba is to make a PDF-generation service
# To streamline this, install windows postscript drivers (preferably colour)
# on the samba server, so that clients can automatically install them.
# Note that this only works if 'printing' is *not* set to 'cups'

    path = /var/tmp
    guest ok = No
    printable = Yes
    comment = PDF Generator (only valid users)
    printing = bsd
    printcap name = cups
    #print command = /usr/share/samba/scripts/print-pdf file path win_path recipient IP &
    print command = /usr/share/samba/scripts/print-pdf "%s" "%H" "//%L/%u" "%m" "%I" "%J" &
    lpq command = /bin/true
    path = /usr/share/media
    comment = media
    browseable = yes
    public = yes
    writable = yes
    read list = daz
    write list = daz
    admin users = daz
    valid users = daz
Old 10-30-2007, 04:20 PM   #2
LQ Guru
Registered: Aug 2001
Location: Fargo, ND
Distribution: SuSE AMD64
Posts: 15,733

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I must confess that I didn't read through your smb.conf file because something caught my eye first. Your share name ends with a "$" character. That is a hidden share. It's like a "c$" share (a bad idea) or the ICS$ share. Change the name to "media" and see if it shows up in the browser. You don't need media files to be executable. Since you are the only valid user of the partition, you could change the permissions on the directory to 0770.

If you wanted the partition to be globally readable and writable, then use the same rwx permissions on the directory but set the sticky bit: "sudo chmod a=rwxt /var/share/media". The permissions on the directory should look just like the permissions of the /tmp directory: "ls -ld /var/share/media /tmp/".
Also, since this directory should contain only media files and not programs or devices, and since it is a mounted partition (which was a good idea), add the mount options "noexec,nodev" to /etc/fstab.
This will prevent users from deleting files they don't own. If you don't want another user to be able to overwrite your files, clear the group and others "w" permissions.

Also, remember to run "testparm" after editing your smb.conf file.
Then restart the samba service.
sudo /sbin/service smb restart
sudo /sbin/service smbfs restart
sudo /sbin/service nmb restart

Last edited by jschiwal; 10-30-2007 at 04:29 PM.
Old 10-30-2007, 05:07 PM   #3
Registered: May 2007
Location: London, UK.
Distribution: Major:FC8. Others:Debian;Zenwalk; Arch; Slack; RHEL.
Posts: 544

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 30
I had "media$" when running mandrake and pclinux. It worked! NO change here except the fact it does NOT work now.

"all" I have done is install TinyMe (remaster of pclinux) and it doesnt work now.

You're right on the above but unfortunately this doesnt change a thing because:

On the host..

My hostname keeps changing to "localhost" despite my best efforts.

"smbtree" lists nothing. It should list the shares.

"service smb restart" does start nmb and smb but still nothing working.

Old 10-31-2007, 03:32 AM   #4
LQ Guru
Registered: Aug 2001
Location: Fargo, ND
Distribution: SuSE AMD64
Posts: 15,733

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I still think that the $ shouldn't be at the end of the name. Why would you want it when it's purpose in windows is to hide the share, and you want it visible. Maybe the fact that you can't see it now is due to a bug fix.

Check if you have an /etc/HOSTNAME file. After changing the hostname, you need to logout of KDE. There may also be a place your network setup for it as well. Also look for a file in /etc/sysconfig/. This is often where changes done in a GUI configuration utility end up being recorded. It may be /etc/sysconfig/network, or /etc/sysconfig/networking.

Having a hostname of localhost will cause a problem, because when a service on another computer looks up localhost, it will refer to itself instead.
Old 10-31-2007, 05:03 AM   #5
Registered: May 2007
Location: London, UK.
Distribution: Major:FC8. Others:Debian;Zenwalk; Arch; Slack; RHEL.
Posts: 544

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 30
I tried this:-

Removed + Reinstall smb. No success.

I do not have a /etc/HOSTNAME file. I do have a hostname (lowercase) file and had already changed this to no avail (see above).

Subsequent to your advice jschiwal, I discovered a /etc/sysconfig/networking file with the HOSTNAME line in. I changed it to "desktop". Viola!!

Rebooted and its fine.

I had tried the networking GUI config applet but this seems not to be making the changes persistent?? So, i removed the app and reinstalled it. Now its works fine.

So the problem was:-

I was modifying the hostname using the "Configure Your Computer" control centre and then the "Manage Hosts" applet. This was not making persistent changes to /etc/sysconfig/networking and thus the hostname remained as "localhost" causing clients to interrogate themselves, as suggested above.

All works now.

Thanks to jschwal for his insightful information.

Changing thread title to "SOLVED"


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