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Old 09-01-2014, 04:41 PM   #1
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Linux C Code to copy directories and files from mass storage device to folder in FS


I have an embedded linux kit where I can plug in a USB Flash Drive.

The USB Flash Drive has multiple folders, sub-folders and files.

I would like to create some C code to copy these folders and files from the mass storage device to the file system on my kit.

I would want to do this somewhat in multiple copies so I could check to see if there was still room in the file system I am copying to.

Any ideas as to how to go about this would be greatly appreciated.
Old 09-02-2014, 06:39 AM   #2
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You can use the rename(2) function, or you can fork() and exec() and perform a shell mv call.

I've done both, but prefer using the mv method.
Old 09-03-2014, 06:24 PM   #3
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I found the following and was trying to use it. Unfortunately it does not keep keep the directory structure on the USB drive intact when copying over.

For example if I tried the following: Copy(/media/sda1/foo/foo.txt, "/home/Usb_Files");

I see foo.txt at /home/Usb_Files/foo.txt instead of /home/Usb_Files/foo/foo.txt

Any idea on how to do this?

I am really stuck.

int Copy(char *source, char *dest)
int childExitStatus;
pid_t pid;
int status;
if (!source || !dest) {
/* handle as you wish */

pid = fork();

if (pid == 0) { /* child */
execl("/bin/cp", "/bin/cp", "-R", source, dest, (char *)0);
else if (pid < 0) {
/* error - couldn't start process - you decide how to handle */
else {
/* parent - wait for child - this has all error handling, you
* could just call wait() as long as you are only expecting to
* have one child process at a time.
pid_t ws = waitpid( pid, &childExitStatus, WNOHANG);
if (ws == -1)
{ /* error - handle as you wish */

if( WIFEXITED(childExitStatus)) /* exit code in childExitStatus */
status = WEXITSTATUS(childExitStatus); /* zero is normal exit */
/* handle non-zero as you wish */
else if (WIFSIGNALED(childExitStatus)) /* killed */
else if (WIFSTOPPED(childExitStatus)) /* stopped */
Old 09-03-2014, 06:25 PM   #4
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Also if I try Copy(/media/sda1/foo/foo.txt, "/home/Usb_Files/foo");

It says the cp cannot stat no such file or directory

Any help would be greatly appreciated.
Old 09-03-2014, 06:35 PM   #5
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You have to create the foo destination directory first, then copy foo.txt into it

/bin/mkdir /home/Usb_Files/foo
/bin/cp /media/sda1/foo/foo.txt /home/Usb_Files/foo
In a more refined program, you could check if destination directory exists before atempting to copy a file into it


or use -p option for mkdir

man mkdir
       -p, --parents
              no error if existing, make parent directories as needed

Last edited by keefaz; 09-03-2014 at 06:40 PM.


code, copying, embedded, linux, usb

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