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Old 12-18-2009, 05:58 AM   #1
business_kid
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libv4l-0.1 compiule problem


Hi. I grabbed the latest source, compiled it for 64 bit, made clean and then wanted a 32 bit version. The site
http://hansdegoede.livejournal.com/7622.html gives this line

make PREFIX=/usr CFLAGS=-m32 LDFLAGS=-m32

That failed for the lack of libv4lconvert.h (in ../include). A symlink fixed that. Now I get this

Code:
gcc -fpic -m32 -o libv4lconvert/spca501.o -c libv4lconvert/spca501.c
gcc -fpic -m32 -o libv4lconvert/bayer.o -c libv4lconvert/bayer.c
gcc -m32 -Wl,-soname,libv4lconvert.so.0 -o lib/libv4lconvert.so.0 libv4lconvert/libv4lconvert.o libv4lconvert/tinyjpeg.o libv4lconvert/jidctflt.o libv4lconvert/spca561-decompress.o libv4lconvert/rgbyuv.o libv4lconvert/spca501.o libv4lconvert/bayer.o
/usr/lib64/gcc/x86_64-slamd64-linux/4.2.4/../../../../lib/crt1.o: In function `_start':
(.text+0x18): undefined reference to `main'
collect2: ld returned 1 exit status
make: *** [lib/libv4lconvert.so.0] Error 1
which, at a guess, is glibc related My installed glibc stuff is
Code:
 bash-3.1$ ls /var/log/packages/glibc*
/var/log/packages/glibc-2.7-x86_64_slamd64-9	      /var/log/packages/glibc-solibs-2.7-x86_64_slamd64-9
/var/log/packages/glibc-i18n-2.7-noarch_slamd64-9     /var/log/packages/glibc-zoneinfo-2.7-noarch_slamd64-9
/var/log/packages/glibc-profile-2.7-x86_64_slamd64-9  /var/log/packages/glibc32-2.7-x86_64_slamd64-9
Any ideas please? I do seem to have a 32bit compat library there.

Edit: /usr/lib64/gcc/x86_64-slamd64-linux/4.2.4/../../../../lib/crt1.o actually exists, is 32 bit and has a function called 'main' according to readelf :-o.

Last edited by business_kid; 12-18-2009 at 07:44 AM. Reason: missing data
 
Old 12-18-2009, 10:07 AM   #2
JohnGraham
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Quote:
Originally Posted by business_kid View Post
Code:
gcc -fpic -m32 -o libv4lconvert/spca501.o -c libv4lconvert/spca501.c
gcc -fpic -m32 -o libv4lconvert/bayer.o -c libv4lconvert/bayer.c
gcc -m32 -Wl,-soname,libv4lconvert.so.0 -o lib/libv4lconvert.so.0 libv4lconvert/libv4lconvert.o libv4lconvert/tinyjpeg.o libv4lconvert/jidctflt.o libv4lconvert/spca561-decompress.o libv4lconvert/rgbyuv.o libv4lconvert/spca501.o libv4lconvert/bayer.o
/usr/lib64/gcc/x86_64-slamd64-linux/4.2.4/../../../../lib/crt1.o: In function `_start':
(.text+0x18): undefined reference to `main'
collect2: ld returned 1 exit status
make: *** [lib/libv4lconvert.so.0] Error 1
Edit: /usr/lib64/gcc/x86_64-slamd64-linux/4.2.4/../../../../lib/crt1.o actually exists, is 32 bit and has a function called 'main' according to readelf :-o.
First, if crt1.o really does have a *defined* symbol called 'main' then something is very, very wrong! If you look closely you should see that it uses a symbol called main - readelf will give you a list of symbols the object file uses as well as ones it defines.

Second, your problem is that the -shared flag isn't specified in the gcc command to create the .so library.
 
Old 12-19-2009, 03:24 AM   #3
business_kid
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Thanks for the reply John. Adding the shared flag to CFLAGS and LDFLAGS allowed it to compile. Thank heavens for search options in a man page!

Just FYI Here's what ctrl.o shows from readelf
Code:
There are no program headers in this file.

Relocation section '.rel.text' at offset 0x49c contains 4 entries:
 Offset     Info    Type            Sym.Value  Sym. Name
0000000c  00000a01 R_386_32          00000000   __libc_csu_fini
00000011  00000c01 R_386_32          00000000   __libc_csu_init
00000018  00000d01 R_386_32          00000000   main
0000001d  00001002 R_386_PC32        00000000   __libc_start_main
 
Old 12-19-2009, 09:57 AM   #4
JohnGraham
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Ah - don't know what option you're passing to readelf, but if you use --symbols you'll get output like:

Code:
Symbol table '.symtab' contains 25 entries:
   Num:    Value  Size Type    Bind   Vis      Ndx Name
...
    20: 00000000     0 NOTYPE  GLOBAL DEFAULT  UND main
Which shows the symbol main to be UND (undefined). A simpler program with simpler output is nm if you just want to look at which symbols there are:

Code:
$ nm /usr/lib/crt1.o
00000000 R _IO_stdin_used
00000000 D __data_start
         U __libc_csu_fini
         U __libc_csu_init
         U __libc_start_main
00000000 R _fp_hw
00000000 T _start
00000000 W data_start
         U main
Where 'U' means undefined - you can also just pass it --defined to look at what that .o/.a/.so file defines.
 
Old 12-20-2009, 02:52 AM   #5
business_kid
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Thx. I passed readelf the '-a'. I'm not a programmer, but an LFS builder, so one gets fairly competent at failed compiles without fully knowing what is going on.
 
  


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