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Old 03-08-2008, 11:09 AM   #1
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Installing Programs, where do they go?

Where is the most common, or the "normal" place to install programs? So that all users can use them? I don't suppose its


because wouldent that prohibit any other users from useing the program?
Old 03-08-2008, 11:21 AM   #2
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Nope! /root is "root"'s private playpen ...

And I hope that you are not using your system routinely as "root!"

A good place to install programs of your own is /usr/local, which as the name implies is a place to put "user programs" that are "local to" this particular machine, in other words not part of the ordinary Linux installation.

On my systems, I have set up a special "maintenance user," called (say...) maint, whose purpose is to do installs, but who is not the all-powerful god, root. The "maint" user that I've set up is used for no other purpose. Therefore, since "maint" owns all those (non-system) program files, and has the necessary access-rights to put them in these local places (but does not have the right to put them in the core system directories), these files ... which "maint" owns and has benevolently decided to share with the rest of my universe ... are protected from malicious code that might be executing, say, "as me."

Furthermore, since "maint" does not have access to the most-inner sanctum that is "the system itself," I know that the various installation-scripts I am using cannot make changes, malicious or accidental or otherwise, outside of the proper locations I've set up for "my, local but world-accessible," program files.

Just as with Windows, it is imperative that you forever dismiss the status of running "your" machine as an Administrative, or "root," or otherwise super-powerful user. Give yourself no more privileges and access than you absolutely require to do whatever you are doing at the time. When you "lock your doors," Linux (and Windows) can require a key ... and can say with almost-absolute certainty that nothing can open that locked door without one. You can never be sure what programs might find themselves running on your machine, "as 'you' and with 'your' privileges" but with deliberately malicious intent. By properly protecting those assets, yes, from 'yourself,' you shut that attack-vector down. You give yourself an extremely-stable and secure machine, and you can take away all that useless "anti-virus crap" at your leisure. This mantra applies equally on Windows (NT or better, and with an NTFS not FAT32 filesystem), on Linux, and on OS/X.

Last edited by sundialsvcs; 03-08-2008 at 11:23 AM.
Old 03-08-2008, 11:22 AM   #3
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You can set permissions to let anyone use a program--regardless of what folder it's in.

/root is one place I would NOT expect to find programs. That directory is normally for the system administrator.

There are a minimum of 6 places where executable code (including scripts) typically get stored (in parentheses are SOME, but the ONLY, common uses):
/bin (utilities typically used by everyone)
/sbin (utilities normally used by the sysadmin)
/usr (applications used by everyone and installed by the package manager)
/etc (startup scripts)
/opt (custom installation by a user--not using the package manager)
/home/username (scripts written by an individual user for personal use)

While there are conventions for these things, there are no hard rules. One thing to look at is the Linux Filesystem Hierarchy

Last edited by pixellany; 03-08-2008 at 11:25 AM.
Old 03-08-2008, 11:26 AM   #4
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That depends -- if it's "system" software; i.e., that which normally comes as part of or an add-on to a distribution, it would go in /usr and its subdirectories (/usr/bin, /usr/share, etc.). If it's add-on software (something you get from, oh, Sourceforge), then it would usually go in /usr/local (/usr/local/bin, ...). If it's an application package; e.g.,, it would most likely go in /opt with symbolic links to the /usr tree (the soffice executable generally is symbolically linked to /usr/bin).
Old 03-08-2008, 11:46 AM   #5
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sweet. I chose /usr/local/LimeWire/

Thats another question i had, i have created a new user account through the command line, and i can log in as the user when linux starts, but when it comes to KDE it seems like it hasent created the same user account for KDE?? any sudjestions?
Old 03-08-2008, 07:01 PM   #6
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Yes, check your spelling before posting.

As for your problem, which distro are you using? (That can be added to your profile and makes it easier for us to understand your problem)

If you can log into the console, you should be able to log into KDE. Maybe Ubuntu thinks differently about it, Ubuntu doesn't like if you do command line thingies.

Does the new user name show up in the KDE login window?



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