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Old 08-11-2006, 01:42 AM   #1
hmahale
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How can i dwnld linux on my pc


Hi D

I have one query i wanna dwnld Linux on my PC as second OS without disturbing my primary os so how can i do it and which web site should i refer for downloading Linux

thanks
 
Old 08-11-2006, 01:44 AM   #2
Nylex
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After downloading the ISO images, you know you'll need to burn them to CD/DVD and then install, yes? You will find links to mirrors you can download from on the website of whatever distribution you intend to use.
 
Old 08-11-2006, 02:31 AM   #3
hmahale
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ok nylex but pls tell me what is .iso files & .asc files & what is the diffrent between minime0.93a & junior 0.93a versions.
 
Old 08-11-2006, 02:41 AM   #4
Nylex
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The .iso files are the actual images you need to download and burn. They contain a lot of files and folders and when you burn them, they're sort of expanded so that the CD or DVD contains those files and folders, instead of just that single .iso file. Not sure about .asc files and what on Earth are minime0.93a and junior0.93a?

Edit: it appears that "MiniMe" and "Junior" are versions of PCLinuxOS and as such, you can find info about them on the PCLinuxOS website

Last edited by Nylex; 08-11-2006 at 02:45 AM.
 
Old 08-11-2006, 03:35 AM   #5
cyryl_the_wolf
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Cool

An ISO file is a "Disk Image".

To describe to you what the ISO file is...

CLICK AND READ THESE:

Wisegeek's definition of a "Disk Image".

Wikipedia definition of a "Disk Image".

Now that you know what an ISO file is...

You download the image file. (Usually an ISO. It is the most common format.) Then you use a CD burning application such as Nero Burning ROM or Roxio to open the disk image file and burn it to the correct medium. If the file is 700MB or under in size then it goes on a CD-R disc. If the file is MORE than 700MB then it most likely goes on a DVD-R disc using a DVD burner.

If you already have a Windows partition on your computer you should not worry. Most common distributions of Linux will help you to either create a new partition for Linux to run from OR it will give you the option to use free space on your Windows partition for it.

All you really have to do is succesfully burn the image file to a disc, boot from the disc and begin the Linux installation process. If you pay VERY CLOSE ATTENTION you will figure out how to install Linux using a wide variety of options. Just read the prompts very carefully as you progress through your installation. Make sure you have a CLEAR understanding of how Linux reads partitions on a hard drive. For example:

hda = Hard Drive 0 (Your first hard drive.)
hdb = Hard Drive 1 (Your second hard drive.)
hdc = Hard Drive 2 (Your third hard drive.)

And so on. Also you will see a number after your hard drive designation. That number indicates the partition number on each hard drive. For example:

hda1 = First partition on your first hard drive.
hdc3 = Third partition on your third hard drive.

Usually your Windows partition will be on hda1.

Linux will also require that you allocate some free space for a SWAP partition. (This is like "Virtual Memory" in Windows.) Make sure that the size of the SWAP partition is equal to the amount of physical memory in your system.

All you have to do is start the installation from boot-up and follow the prompts. Pay CLOSE attention. I recommend backing up the data you would want to keep from your Windows installation before you begin.

Start with SuSe v10.1 or Mandriva Linux. (SuSe is great for beginners.)

Now GO FORTH and be one with Linux!

Last edited by cyryl_the_wolf; 08-17-2006 at 12:37 AM.
 
Old 08-17-2006, 05:01 PM   #6
Bruce Hill
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If it's okay, I'd like to add a little bit of clarity to cyryl_the_wolf's good post:
Quote:
hda = Hard Drive 0 (Your first hard drive.)
hdb = Hard Drive 1 (Your second hard drive.)
hdc = Hard Drive 2 (Your third hard drive.)
Acttually, they might not be hard drives at all. In my system:
Code:
hda: PIONEER DVD-RW DVR-109, ATAPI CD/DVD-ROM drive
hdc: TSSTcorpCD/DVDW TS-H552U, ATAPI CD/DVD-ROM drive

root@silas:~# fdisk -l
Disk /dev/sda: 74.3 GB, 74355769344 bytes
hda is a Pioneer DVD+/-RW, and hdc is a Samsung DVD+/-RW.
The only hard drive is a Western Digital SATA drive, /dev/sda.

This table is how you should look at hda - hdd:
Code:
/dev/hda = Primary IDE controller, master drive
/dev/hdb = Primary IDE controller, slave drive
/dev/hdc = Secondary IDE controller, master drive
/dev/hdd = Secondary IDE controller, slave drive
On most systems the primary IDE controller is known as IDE0,
and the secondary IDE controller is known as IDE1.
 
Old 08-18-2006, 02:40 AM   #7
cyryl_the_wolf
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Ah... Yes. More specifically speaking. My example was lacking a bit. Thanks for the added info.
 
Old 08-21-2006, 07:05 AM   #8
hmahale
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Hi budys thanks for ur guidance to me i will returned to u with more questions in linux but still i have 1 query that am i able to use linux without installing on my pc it is like if i make a cd with .iso file & i insert it to cd rom & restart my pc so my system will able to boot with linux????
 
Old 08-21-2006, 07:45 AM   #9
Bruce Hill
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Since you seem to want to install PCLinuxOS, perhaps this
PCLinuxOS New User Guide will suffice.
 
Old 08-22-2006, 04:26 PM   #10
cyryl_the_wolf
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Cool

You are looking for a version of Linux that is known as a "LiveCD" version.

There are many versions of Linux that make a LiveCD version of their distribution. You should be able to find the ISO file of their LiveCD and burn it to a disc and simply boot from it.

Keep in mind that when you use a LiveCD version that you may have to start your LiveCD with different parameters depending on the distribution that you choose and the configuration of your system. These different options will make themselves apparent to you when using a LiveCD. Look to the bottom of the screen on startup for information and guidance on the different variables you can use to make your system run smoother.

PCLinuxOS is a very prevalent example of a LiveCD distribution. You CAN find the option to install it to your hard drive if you wish but it's kind of a waste considering how good it already runs from CD. It was built and optimized for that purpose after all.

As an example of the boot modifications, here is a page of commands that you can use to modify your booting process when using PCLinuxOS.

http://www.pclinuxonline.com/wiki/CheatCodes

Another thing that you should be aware of... When using a LiveCD distribution, you will most likely NOT have WRITE access to your hard drives. This means that you will not be able to change the contents of your hard disk drives. Especially if they are NTFS formatted. There are ways to install an NTFS driver to make your NTFS partitions WRITEABLE in Linux...but even I have not figured them out well enough to make them effective. (See: "Captive NTFS" at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Captive_NTFS for more information.)

Here is a list of LiveCD distributions you may want to look into:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/LiveCD#Linux-based

Have fun with that.
 
  


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