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Old 12-28-2015, 05:23 AM   #1
przi
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Aug 2012
Posts: 4

Rep: Reputation: Disabled
Error: ld returned 1 exit status


hi,
i typed make command to install a program on ubuntu but i got this error:

make -C latbin
make[1]: Entering directory `/usr/local/bin/Kaldi/kaldi-svn-archive-master/src/latbin'
g++ -rdynamic -Wl,-rpath=/usr/local/bin/Kaldi/kaldi-svn-archive-master/tools/openfst/lib lattice-reverse.o ../lat/kaldi-lat.a ../lm/kaldi-lm.a ../hmm/kaldi-hmm.a ../tree/kaldi-tree.a ../util/kaldi-util.a ../matrix/kaldi-matrix.a ../thread/kaldi-thread.a ../base/kaldi-base.a -L/usr/local/bin/Kaldi/kaldi-svn-archive-master/tools/openfst/lib -lfst /usr/lib/libatlas.so.3 /usr/lib/libf77blas.so.3 /usr/lib/libcblas.so.3 /usr/lib/liblapack_atlas.so.3 -lm -lpthread -ldl -o lattice-reverse
lattice-reverse.o: In function `main':
/home/tjr/kaldi-trunk/src/latbin/lattice-reverse.cc:44: undefined reference to `kaldi::ParseOptions::NumArgs()'
/home/tjr/kaldi-trunk/src/latbin/lattice-reverse.cc:49: undefined reference to `kaldi::ParseOptions::GetArg(int)'
/home/tjr/kaldi-trunk/src/latbin/lattice-reverse.cc:50: undefined reference to `kaldi::ParseOptions::GetArg(int)'
collect2: error: ld returned 1 exit status
make[1]: *** [lattice-reverse] Error 1


this is the lattice-reverse.cc code:

#include "base/kaldi-common.h"
#include "util/common-utils.h"
#include "fstext/fstext-lib.h"
#include "lat/kaldi-lattice.h"
//#include "lat/lattice-functions.h"

int main(int argc, char *argv[]) {
try {
using namespace kaldi;
typedef kaldi::int32 int32;
typedef kaldi::int64 int64;
using fst::VectorFst;
using fst::StdArc;

const char *usage =
"Time reversal of compact lattice and write out as lattice\n"
"Usage: lattice-reverse [options] lattice-rspecifier lattice-wspecifier\n"
" e.g.: lattice-reverse ark:1.lats ark:1.reverse.lats\n";

ParseOptions po(usage);

po.Read(argc, argv);

if (po.NumArgs() != 2) {
po.PrintUsage();
exit(1);
}

std::string lats_rspecifier = po.GetArg(1),
lats_wspecifier = po.GetArg(2);

SequentialCompactLatticeReader clat_reader(lats_rspecifier);

// Write as compact lattice.
CompactLatticeWriter compact_lat_writer(lats_wspecifier);

int32 n_done = 0;

for (; !clat_reader.Done(); clat_reader.Next()) {
std::string key = clat_reader.Key();
CompactLattice clat = clat_reader.Value();
clat_reader.FreeCurrent();

Lattice lat;
ConvertLattice(clat, &lat);
Lattice reverse_lat;
fst::Reverse(lat, &reverse_lat);
RemoveEpsLocal(&reverse_lat);
CompactLattice reverse_clat;
ConvertLattice(reverse_lat, &reverse_clat);
RemoveEpsLocal(&reverse_clat);

compact_lat_writer.Write(key, reverse_clat);
n_done++;
}
KALDI_LOG << "Done converting " << n_done << " to best path";
return (n_done != 0 ? 0 : 1);
} catch(const std::exception &e) {
std::cerr << e.what();
return -1;
}
}


please help me to solve this error.
thanks
 
Old 12-28-2015, 09:08 AM   #2
rtmistler
Moderator
 
Registered: Mar 2011
Location: USA
Distribution: MINT Debian, Angstrom, SUSE, Ubuntu, Debian
Posts: 8,457
Blog Entries: 13

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I'm wondering how you went from this directory:
Code:
/usr/local/bin/Kaldi/kaldi-svn-archive-master/src/latbin
to end up compiling:
Code:
/home/tjr/kaldi-trunk/src/latbin/lattice-reverse.cc
For starters I would not be in the /usr/local directory as a non-root user, building code. I also would not be doing that as root either. Seems like a set of utilities needs to be compiled or installed so that you can use it as part of writing your own code, presumably lattice-reverse.cc. There should be a readme or other file provided to inform you how to set that up.

The compiler here is complaining about lines 44, 49, and 50 in your source lattice-reverse.cc.

The complaint is indicating that it is not seeing these external references. Thus the include file for them is not properly referenced. Since the compiler is not complaining about a bad include file path or name, then my conclusion is that you are missing an include reference which will resolve those functions.

I'd search the source tree for H files which provide the references for those functions.
 
Old 01-06-2016, 01:53 PM   #3
przi
LQ Newbie
 
Registered: Aug 2012
Posts: 4

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: Disabled
thanks for your response,
could you please explain more?
because i'm beginner
 
  


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