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Old 07-15-2014, 01:24 PM   #1
Registered: Aug 2010
Distribution: Ubuntu 13.04 Server
Posts: 31

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Duplicating a directory tree with rsync

I'm currently duplicating a directory tree with hard links with this command:

cp -aluv /path/to/sourcedir/* /path/to/destdir/
Now for the most part, all files are in subdirs under the sourcedir, but there are a few pesky files in the root of sourcedir - I'd like to exclude duplicating those. These files are all of the same type (pdf) so I could exclude .pdfs, but there will be some deeper in the directory tree which needs to be copied. Is there any way I could achieve this? I know you can provide rsync with an exclude list, but I can't see any way of achieving this with cp.
Old 07-15-2014, 01:31 PM   #2
Registered: Aug 2010
Distribution: Ubuntu 13.04 Server
Posts: 31

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Ok, I feel a bit daft now as I may well have sussed it:

find /path/to/sourcedir/ -mindepth 1 -exec cp -aluv {} /path/to/destdir/ \;
how does that look?

edit: ok, just tried that out, it doesn't work (and should have been obvious). Obviously it just copies all files it finds to the the root of destdir - doh. Just noticed the --parents flag, but that creates the entire directory path in destdir (so /path/to/destdir/path/to/sourcedir/)

further edit: right, so to wrap this up, I realised this was partially due to my stupidity. By changing to the sourcedir and then specifying the correct mindepth (2), I ended up with a working solution:

cd /path/to/sourcedir && find . -mindepth 2 -exec cp -aluv --parents {} /path/to/destdir/ \;

Last edited by AnalBeard; 07-15-2014 at 02:57 PM.


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