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Old 11-23-2003, 07:44 PM   #1
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Registered: Oct 2003
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apache + proftpd


I'm setting up a webserver and I was wondering about the best way to setup website and user directories.

I would like for a user to log in to ftp and see two folders.
/web and /user

I want /web to map to /var/www/html/theirdomain and /user to map to /home/username/public_html

is there a way to do this?

Old 11-23-2003, 10:19 PM   #2
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Probably the easiest way to do this is do the following:

1. Create the user and assign their home directory.
2. Create the symlinks to appropiate locations you specified above.
3. If you don't want them to see other directories or browse, chroot them or jail them to their home directory.
4. Setup and change the permissions accordingly on the two directories they will have links to from their home directory.
5. For added security, give your users a false shell, so they can basically only ftp to the server to update their web pages, you can do this by changing their shell to something like /bin/false and add that to your /etc/shells file.

Hope this helps you out.
Old 11-27-2003, 05:11 PM   #3
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Sorry, like I said I am still new to linux however thanks to the help of guys like you an learning fast. So thanks again!

Ok, what I don't understand is step 3 if I chroot them to the home directories then they wont be able to get to /var/www/html/theirsite because their home directories are in /home/user

This is the main part I don't understand how to get around and I was wondering what other people do... mainly, for instance, what web hosting companies do when it comes to directory structure and large numbers of users. I would like to host a few friends websites and I'd like to let them have multiple users associated with the one domain.

And in step 4.
Would I create a group called their domain and allow access just from those associated users? It sounds like the way to me.

Thanks again for your help.


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