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Old 11-23-2002, 07:11 PM   #1
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Security CheckList

I am teaching myself Linux server Administration, and was hoping I good get some valuable advice. I just got my first server, RH 7.2 loaded on it.

I want to know if anyone can offer advice on securing it.

Can you offer a checklist. What should I do first, etc.

I work really hard to learn this on my own since I can't afford to go to school. I don't want to have my hard work ruined by some jerk who just want to hack my server.

Please...any help and advice would be so much appreciated!!!!

All the best my friends.

Old 11-23-2002, 07:28 PM   #2
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Remove redhat 7.2 and update it first. It was an awful distro. Get 7.3 and update all the rpms via up2date or get 8.0 and do the same.
Security is an ongoing issue - it's not a case of bolting it down and calling it secure.

But you know that already.

Old 11-23-2002, 07:33 PM   #3
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First of all you need to cut down the services installed to thost you just need that's the first step. This step can be done at install time already (most of it at least).

As the first start you might want to check out the UNIX Security Checklist v2.0
Old 11-25-2002, 03:22 PM   #4
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Outta the box, or off the cd, RH8 is pretty secure. You can choose to install everything such as HTTP/FTP/Telnet etc, and by default if you choose high or medium for your firewall there isn't much of a chance of outside user access. This is of course assuming you have used up2date and completely patched the system. You have to manually enable stuff like telnet, ftp, SSH. Like said above, if you keep up with the up2date updates, you should be ok as long as you follow the simple guidlines giving in each text readme for ftp/telnet etc.

good luck
Old 11-25-2002, 04:23 PM   #5
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Welcome to LQ, miso.
Next to the excellent previous advice I'll bombard you with the usual LQ reference list:

*Ive compiled my list of references a while ago, so theres lotsa stuff inhere you might not be interested in at this point, maybe later on, HTH:

Basic references:
- AUSCERT UNIX Computer Security Checklist (Version 1.1)
- Steps for Recovering from a UNIX or NT System Compromise
In fact read the whole of
- The CIT Computer Security Handbook:
- Aging stuff from Phrack, good to read back to be sure, like "Unix System Security Issues"
- SEI stuff like handling IDS
- Intrusion Detection and Network Auditing on the Internet

Top it off with some reading material on security:
- Security tips: and,
- Top ten vulnerabilities: and
- Firewalling:,
- Securing Xwindows:

Basic Linux references:
- The SANS Reading room: Linux issues (used Google's cache),
- the LASG or Linux Administrator's Security Guide,
- Securing Optimizing Linux RH Edition(1),
- Linux Security HOWTO,
* have a Quickreference pdf card.
Post-Installation Security Procedures (Linuxjournal)
- Security Quick-Start HOWTO for Linux,
- The Linux-PAM System Administrators' Guide
- Armoring Linux,
- A Short Course on Systems Administration and Security Under Unix(1)
- SAG: The Linux System Administrator's Guide,
- Basics on firewalling:
- Basic introduction to building ipchains rules:
- Explanation of the Ipchains logformat:
- Ipchains log decoder:
- The Iptables HOW-TO:
- LQ notes on Linksys security:
- The Unix Auditor's Practical Handbook:,
Neohapsis archives:
Linux Gazette:
Experts exchange:,
Matt's Unix Security Page:
E-secure-db Security Information database:

* Also please note a lot of questions are already answered. using LQ's search function may help you find answers faster.


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