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Old 07-14-2008, 04:05 AM   #1
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How I can set the root password to blank?

I lost my root password and i want to set root password to blank in rescue mode.

I am using scientific linux, and I have a problem to locate the encrypted password file.

Can some1 helps?
Old 07-14-2008, 04:28 AM   #2
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you *never* set the password to be blank. you can change it, but never ever leave it blank. the passwords are stored in /etc/shadow but to reset it you would boot into runlevel 1 from your bootloader (just add "1" to the boot command" and use the passwd command once you are automatically logged in as root.
Old 07-15-2008, 08:05 AM   #3
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Thanks acid_kewpie, I have deleted the encrpted root password in /etc/shadow, and I can log into the system now.
Old 07-15-2008, 08:30 AM   #4
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Originally Posted by zazem View Post
I lost my root password and i want to set root password to blank in rescue mode.
If you setup a user with sudo privileges, you could have reset the password. But losing root's password is a good thing, you shouldn't login as root unless absolutely necessary. Setup sudo for the user(s) you want to have root privileges.
Old 07-15-2008, 08:52 PM   #5
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I've been through a similar situation on 1 of my systems.
The simplest way to recover from a lost password is to boot into single user mode.

If you are using LILO, at the LILO boot prompt (graphical LILO users can press Ctrl-x to exit the graphical screen and go to the boot: prompt), enter:
linux single
This will make you the "root" user without asking for a password. Once the system has booted, you can change the root password using the password command:
Using GRUB, you can manually edit the proposed menu entry at boot time. To do so, when GRUB is presenting the menu list (you might need to press ESC first), follow those instructions:

* use the arrows to select the single-mode boot entry (if you have it)
* press e to edit the entry
* use the arrows to go to kernel line
* press e to edit this entry
* at the end of the line add the word init=/bin/bash
* press ESC to go back to the parent menu
* press b to boot this kernel
You should be in a root shell shortly.
You'll have to remount your / partition as writable.
mount -n -o remount,rw /
Now, open up /etc/shadow with a text editor like nano or vim and remove the hash your root account has.
will become:


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