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Old 04-30-2005, 08:30 PM   #1
Registered: Mar 2005
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What is the correct way of partition/format extra hard drives?

Hello all,

I'm using Debian on a server called Acer Altos 11K, which has 8 SCSI-2 'hotswap' slots and so far I'm just using one 9.1 GB hard drive.

Recently, I just added another 9.1 GB hard drive and how do I go about partition/format and mount the drive?

I know that the first hard drive is 'sda1' and the second one is 'sda2'
Old 04-30-2005, 09:11 PM   #2
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If the drive has any trace of a Microsoft filesystem, it would be best to zero the drive out first. Install in box and use:

dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/<your drive device here> bs=512

I then partition with fdisk /dev/<your drive device here>, exit with "w" to write the info to disk.

Then I format the partitions with the chosen filesystems:

mke2fs /dev/<your drive device here> -> ext2
mke2fs -j /dev/<your drive device here> -> ext3
mkswap /dev/<your drive device here> -> swap
mkreiserfs /dev/<your drive device here> -> reiserfs
mkfs.xfs /dev/<your drive device here> -> xfs

I can't seem to make my drives work like I want
# Managing drives
LNAG - Accessing my drives
Rute - Device Mounting - Automatic Mounts: fstab

# Freeware tools for partitioning/resizing hard drive partitions:
Any Linux Live CD usually have fdisk, cfdisk and other tools available
Ranish Partition Manager
# Understanding Linux Filesystem layout:
Directory Navigation Help File
Filesystems, Directories, and Devices Help File
Proper Filesystem Layout
Advanced filesystem implementor's guide (requires registration)

Last edited by fancypiper; 04-30-2005 at 09:17 PM.
Old 04-30-2005, 09:59 PM   #3
Registered: Jan 2005
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Careful, sda2 is the second partition on the first drive. sdb1should be the second drive?
Old 04-30-2005, 10:00 PM   #4
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sda1 and sda2 are two partitions on the same hard drive, not two separate drives. Typically, your first SCSI hard drive will be /dev/sda and the second /dev/sdb.
Old 05-01-2005, 06:30 AM   #5
Registered: Mar 2005
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You're right my mistake. It is /dev/sdb

This is what I have:

Channel A:

9.1 GB SCSI-2 (/ = sda1, swap = sda2)

Channel B:

9.1 GB SCSI-2 (sdb)
18 GB SCSI-2 (sdc)
9.1 GB SCSI-2 (sdd)

This is what I did to sdb (correct me if I'm wrong):

debian:~# dd if=/dev/zero of=/dev/sdb bs=512

20 minutes later...

debian:~# fdisk /dev/sdb

debian:~# mke2fs -j /dev/sdb

This is what I entered into fstab, is this correct?

/dev/sdb /sdb ext3 defaults 0 0

I did created the directory 'sdb' folder under / directory

I'm not sure about the <options>, <dump> and <pass>?

Or, do I leave options, dump and pass emtpy?

After I mounted the drive, I found lost+found in there?

Last edited by ExCIA; 05-01-2005 at 06:33 AM.
Old 05-01-2005, 11:25 AM   #6
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My file for an example:
# Duron 950 Fedora Core 1 uilleann /etc/fstab file
/dev/hdb8       /               ext3            defaults                1 1
/dev/hdb1       /boot           ext3            defaults                1 2
none            /dev/pts        devpts          gid=5,mode=620          0 0
/dev/hdb11      /home           ext3            defaults                1 2
none            /proc           proc            defaults                0 0
none            /dev/shm        tmpfs           defaults                0 0
/dev/hdb12      /pub            ext3            defaults                1 2
/dev/hdb2       swap            swap            defaults                0 0
/dev/cdrom      /mnt/cdrom      udf,iso9660     noauto,owner,kudzu,ro   0 0
/dev/fd0        /mnt/floppy     auto            noauto,owner,kudzu      0 0
#/dev/hdb9      /mnt/debian     ext3            defaults                1 2
#/dev/hdb10     /mnt/fc3        ext3            defaults                1 2
#/dev/hdc1      /mnt/backup     ext3            defaults                1 2
#/dev/hdc1      /mnt/wav        ext3            defaults                1 2
#/dev/hdc1      /mnt/fat32      vfat            defaults,umask0,0,0     0 0
/dev/hda1       /mnt/WindowsXP  ntfs            defaults                0 0
/dev/hda5       /mnt/NTFSStorage        ntfs    defaults                0 0
Old 05-01-2005, 04:33 PM   #7
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Got it ok.

Thanks for your help.

Last edited by ExCIA; 05-01-2005 at 05:49 PM.


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