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Old 09-22-2017, 01:28 PM   #1
gursewaks056
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wc -c is not working properly for Strings


When I count the number of character in a string using
`wc -c $Str` it always gives a one character extra to me.
e.g : str="Good" ; len=`echo $str | wc -c`
it results in len=5 not 4.
 
Old 09-22-2017, 01:35 PM   #2
astrogeek
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When you echo the string, echo appends a newline character which is counted by wc.

Suppress the newline to do this with echo, or better might be to use the shell's built in operator for getting the string length, ${#var}.
 
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Old 09-25-2017, 04:11 AM   #3
aragorn2101
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Quote:
Originally Posted by gursewaks056 View Post
When I count the number of character in a string using
`wc -c $Str` it always gives a one character extra to me.
e.g : str="Good" ; len=`echo $str | wc -c`
it results in len=5 not 4.
Yes, as astrogeek pointed out, echo adds a newline character at the end, so it increases the count. You can use the "-n" argument with echo in order to suppress the newline character.

But first, I would like to make you notice that wc with argument "-c" will count number of bytes, not number of characters. You are getting the correct number of characters (counting the newline) because every character is 1 byte each. But it will not work with multibyte characters like UTF-8.
Code:
echo -n "Good" | wc -c
4

echo -n "Fête" | wc -c
5

# Whereas, with the argument "-m"
echo -n "Good" | wc -m
4

echo -n "Fête" | wc -m
4
Please read the man pages for wc for more information.
 
  


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