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Old 03-16-2009, 10:54 AM   #1
tuananh87vn
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using chroot


excuse me,
I don't know how to use chroot to change root of a file. For example, I see that when I run ls -la in /etc, it shows something like resolve.conf -> /etc/resolveconf/run/resolve.conf

so the orginal file is /etc/resolveconf/run/resolve.conf, right? how can I do like that?

can anybody show me how to do :-??

thanks!
 
Old 03-16-2009, 11:32 AM   #2
openSauce
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I don't fully understand what you're asking. Are you asking how to create a symbolic link? If so, use ln -s:

Code:
~$ touch file
~$ ln -s file file-link
~$ ls -l file*
-rw-rw-r-- 1 openSauce openSauce 0 2009-03-16 15:30 file
lrwxrwxrwx 1 openSauce openSauce 4 2009-03-16 15:30 file-link -> file
~$
 
Old 03-16-2009, 11:37 AM   #3
tuananh87vn
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oh really, so does chroot have anything to do with it?
 
Old 03-16-2009, 11:46 AM   #4
openSauce
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No - chroot changes the root directory used for a command.

So e.g. if you have 2 linux distros installed, and the root filesystem of the inactive one is mounted at /mnt/distro2, you can execute
Code:
chroot /mnt/distro2
and your shell will take / to be /mnt/distro2. Other directories will be inaccessible from this shell, and any commands you enter will execute binaries from the 2nd distro (/bin refers to /mnt/distro2/bin, and so on).
 
Old 03-16-2009, 12:08 PM   #5
tuananh87vn
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so the ln -s makes the file name have the white color (in redhat or fedora), while the original file has white colour. is that true?
 
Old 03-16-2009, 12:19 PM   #6
openSauce
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Colour has nothing to do with it. ln -s creates a new file which is simply a pointer to the target file - see here and here.

Are you talking about the colours in the output of ls? These are determined by the environment variable $LS_COLORS, which is usually set in some startup or profile file in /etc. echo $LS_COLORS will tell you whether or not this variable is set.
 
Old 03-16-2009, 12:39 PM   #7
tuananh87vn
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ah yea, got it. thanks alot
 
  


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