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Old 05-06-2004, 11:03 AM   #1
LQ Newbie
Registered: May 2004
Distribution: Red Hat 9.0
Posts: 23

Rep: Reputation: 15
unable to connect to smb shares on linux RH9.0

Greetings all:

I am a fairly new user to linux and am trying to comnfigure a test system as a file server ( possible Novell/windows 2000 replacement) using Red Hat 9.0. My problem comes from the smb setup. After modifing the smb.conf file ( see listing below) I am able to run the local check and the system seems to be working. However, I am not able to see the server when I try to access it from my windows XP machine nor am I able to connect from my linux work station.

From the XP machine:

I am able to Ping the smb server.
Cannot browse the network neighborhood and find the smb server
Cannot search for a computer and find the smb server.

From the Linux workstation:

I can ping the smb server
running "smbclient -L192.168.0.5'' yeilds:
added interface ....... (.... other data as usual, is ip address of workstation)
Error connecting to (connection refused) (Does this mean my port 139 is closed?)
error connecting to ( connection refused)
connection to failed

WINS services are provided my a networked win2k server at IP

Workgroup name is : "workgroup"
smb.log and nmb.log don't seem to show anything of value. My logging setting may be wrong in the smb.conf file

Any help or suggestions you can make would be helpful.


# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
# smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
# here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options (perhaps too
# many!) most of which are not shown in this example
# Any line which starts with a ; (semi-colon) or a # (hash)
# is a comment and is ignored. In this example we will use a #
# for commentry and a ; for parts of the config file that you
# may wish to enable
# NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command "testparm"
# to check that you have not made any basic syntactic errors.
#======================= Global Settings =====================================

# workgroup = NT-Domain-Name or Workgroup-Name
workgroup = WORKGROUP
netbios name = linuxsrv1
netbios aliases = bigsamba

# server string is the equivalent of the NT Description field
server string = linux1 smb server

# This option is important for security. It allows you to restrict
# connections to machines which are on your local network. The
# following example restricts access to two C class networks and
# the "loopback" interface. For more examples of the syntax see
# the smb.conf man page
; hosts allow = 192.168.0. 192.168.1. 127.
hosts allow = 192.168.0. 192.168.1. 127.

# if you want to automatically load your printer list rather
# than setting them up individually then you'll need this
; printcap name = /etc/printcap
; load printers = yes

# It should not be necessary to spell out the print system type unless
# yours is non-standard. Currently supported print systems include:
# bsd, sysv, plp, lprng, aix, hpux, qnx, cups
; printing = cups

# Uncomment this if you want a guest account, you must add this to /etc/passwd
# otherwise the user "nobody" is used
; guest account = pcguest

# this tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
# that connects
log file = /var/log/samba/
debug level = 3
# Put a capping on the size of the log files (in Kb).
max log size = 1001

# Security mode. Most people will want user level security. See
# security_level.txt for details.
security = USER

# Use password server option only with security = serverHard Disc
# The argument list may include:
# password server = My_PDC_Name [My_BDC_Name] [My_Next_BDC_Name]
# or to auto-locate the domain controller/s
# password server = *
; password server = <NT-Server-Name>

# Password Level allows matching of _n_ characters of the password for
# all combinations of upper and lower case.
password level = 8
username level = 8

# You may wish to use password encryption. Please read
# ENCRYPTION.txt, Win95.txt and WinNT.txt in the Samba documentation.
# Do not enable this option unless you have read those documents
encrypt passwords = yes
smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd

# The following is needed to keep smbclient from spouting spurious errors
# when Samba is built with support for SSL.
; ssl CA certFile = /usr/share/ssl/certs/ca-bundle.crt

# The following are needed to allow password changing from Windows to
# update the Linux system password also.
# NOTE: Use these with 'encrypt passwords' and 'smb passwd file' above.
# NOTE2: You do NOT need these to allow workstations to change only
# the encrypted SMB passwords. They allow the Unix password
# to be kept in sync with the SMB password.
unix password sync = Yes
passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
passwd chat = *New*password* %n\n *Retype*new*password* %n\n *passwd:*all*authentication*tokens*updated*successfully*

# You can use PAM's password change control flag for Samba. If
# enabled, then PAM will be used for password changes when requested
# by an SMB client instead of the program listed in passwd program.
# It should be possible to enable this without changing your passwd
# chat parameter for most setups.

pam password change = yes

# Unix users can map to different SMB User names
; username map = /etc/samba/smbusersHard Disc

# Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
# on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
# of the machine that is connecting
; include = /etc/samba/smb.conf.%m

# This parameter will control whether or not Samba should obey PAM'sHarHard Discd Disc
# account and session management directives. The default behavior is
# to use PAM for clear text authentication only and to ignore any
# account or session management. Note that Samba always ignores PAM
# for authentication in the case of encrypt passwords = yes

; obey pam restrictions = yes Hard Disc

# Most people will find that this option gives better performance.
# See speed.txt and the manual pages for details
socket options = TCP_NODELAY SO_RCVBUF=8192 SO_SNDBUF=8192

# Configure Samba to use multiple interfaces
# If you have multiple network interfaces then you must list them
# here. See the man page for details.
; interfaces =
interfaces =

# Configure remote browse list synchronisation here
# request announcement to, or browse list sync from:
# a specific host or from / to a whole subnet (see below)
; remote browse sync =
# Cause this host to announce itself to local subnets here
; remote announce =


# Browser Control Options:
# set local master to no if you don't want Samba to become a master
# browser on your network. Otherwise the normal election rules apply
local master = no

# OS Level determines the precedence of this server in master browser
# elections. The default value should be reasonable
; os level = 33

# Domain Master specifies Samba to be the Domain Master Browser. This
# allows Samba to collate browse lists between subnets. Don't use this
# if you already have a Windows NT domain controller doing this job
; domain master = yes

# Preferred Master causes Samba to force a local browser election on startup
# and gives it a slightly higher chance of winning the election
; preferred master = yes

# Enable this if you want Samba to be a domain logon server for
# Windows95 workstations.
; domain logons = yes

# if you enable domain logons then you may want a per-machine or
# per user logon script
# run a specific logon batch file per workstation (machine)
; logon script = %m.bat
# run a specific logon batch file per username
; logon script = %U.bat

# Where to store roving profiles (only for Win95 and WinNT)
# %L substitutes for this servers netbios name, %U is username
# You must uncomment the [Profiles] share below
; logon path = \\%L\Profiles\%U

# Windows Internet Name Serving Support Section:
# WINS Support - Tells the NMBD component of Samba to enable it's WINS Server
; wins support = yes

# WINS Server - Tells the NMBD components of Samba to be a WINS Client
# Note: Samba can be either a WINS Server, or a WINS Client, but NOT both
wins server =

# WINS Proxy - Tells Samba to answer name resolution queries on
# behalf of a non WINS capable client, for this to work there must be
# at least one WINS Server on the network. The default is NO.
; wins proxy = yes

# DNS Proxy - tells Samba whether or not to try to resolve NetBIOS names
# via DNS nslookups. The built-in default for versions 1.9.17 is yes,
# this has been changed in version 1.9.18 to no.
guest ok = yes
guest account = rjh
dns proxy = no

# Case Preservation can be handy - system default is _no_
# NOTE: These can be set on a per share basis
; preserve case = no
; short preserve case = no
# Default case is normally upper case for all DOS files
; default case = lower
# Be very careful with case sensitivity - it can break things!
; case sensitive = no

#============================ Share Definitions ==============================
comment = Home Directories
browseable = no
writeable = yes
valid users = %S
create mode = 0664
directory mode = 0775
# If you want users samba doesn't recognize to be mapped to a guest user
; map to guest = bad user

# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
; [netlogon]
; comment = Network Logon Service
; path = /usr/local/samba/lib/netlogon
; guest ok = yes
; writable = no
; share modes = no

# Un-comment the following to provide a specific roving profile share
# the default is to use the user's home directory
; path = /usr/local/samba/profiles
; browseable = no
; guest ok = yes

# NOTE: If you have a BSD-style print system there is no need to
# specifically define each individual printer
comment = All Printers
path = /var/spool/samba
browseable = no
# Set public = yes to allow user 'guest account' to print
printable = yes

# This one is useful for people to share files
; comment = Temporary file space
; path = /tmp
; read only = no
; public = yes

# A publicly accessible directory, but read only, except for people in
# the "staff" group
; comment = Public Stuff
; path = /home/samba
; public = yes
; writable = yes
; printable = no
; write list = @staff

# Other examples.
# A private printer, usable only by fred. Spool data will be placed in fred's
# home directory. Note that fred must have write access to the spool directory,
# wherever it is.
; comment = Fred's Printer
; valid users = fred
; path = /home/fred
; printer = freds_printer
; public = no
; writable = no
; printable = yes

# A private directory, usable only by fred. Note that fred requires write
# access to the directory.
; comment = Fred's Service
; path = /usr/somewhere/private
; valid users = fred
; public = no
; writable = yes
; printable = no

# a service which has a different directory for each machine that connects
# this allows you to tailor configurations to incoming machines. You could
# also use the %U option to tailor it by user name.
# The %m gets replaced with the machine name that is connecting.
; comment = PC Directories
; path = /usr/local/pc/%m
; public = no
; writable = yes

# A publicly accessible directory, read/write to all users. Note that all files
# created in the directory by users will be owned by the default user, so
# any user with access can delete any other user's files. Obviously this
# directory must be writable by the default user. Another user could of course
# be specified, in which case all files would be owned by that user instead.
; path = /usr/somewhere/else/public
; public = yes
; only guest = yes
; writable = yes
; printable = no

# The following two entries demonstrate how to share a directory so that two
# users can place files there that will be owned by the specific users. In this
# setup, the directory should be writable by both users and should have the
# sticky bit set on it to prevent abuse. Obviously this could be extended to
# as many users as required.
; comment = Mary's and Fred's stuff
; path = /usr/somewhere/shared
; valid users = mary fred
; public = no
; writable = yes
; printable = no
; create mask = 0765

comment = 4Gig volume
path = /mnt/vol1
writeable = yes
guest ok = yes

comment = 9 Gig Volume
path = /mnt/vol2
writeable = yes
guest ok = yes
Old 05-06-2004, 01:06 PM   #2
LQ Newbie
Registered: Mar 2004
Location: san diego
Posts: 16

Rep: Reputation: 0
i use debian, so this might be slightly different, but it should be close enough.

rename your current smb.conf file and create a brand new one with these lines.

netbios name = linuxsrv1
workgroup = WORKGROUP
security = SHARE

path = /projects
comment = /projects
public = yes
guest ok = yes
writeable = yes

then open a root shell, cd to /, and then mkdir projects
chmod 777 projects

after you restart your smbd, you should be able to get to the share in Windows Network Neighborhood, or just Start>run>\\linuxsrv1\projects

start simple and then add functionality as you learn more.

go to and download the Samba HOWTO pdf:

and consider Terpstra's new book "Samba 3 - By Example" at amazon for $30 or wait for it to be a free download .pdf in a few months.

please write back to let me (and others reading this thread) know if this works, or how you solved it otherwise.

Last edited by sandiegocal; 05-06-2004 at 02:00 PM.
Old 05-06-2004, 04:07 PM   #3
LQ Newbie
Registered: May 2004
Distribution: Red Hat 9.0
Posts: 23

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 15


As I have been working with this today I realized that I was able to see the server linuxsrv1 in my network neighborhood, but was not able to connect to it. However, after I made the changes you suggested, I am no longer able to see the server from my windows XP machine. I have rebooted both the XP and the linux boxes just to make sure. As I said in my earlier message, the wins server is running on a separate windows 2000 server so that may have something to do with it just not sure what.

I am able to run the smbclient -L localhost -U% command and get what looks like a valid response so I am guessing that the samba server is working correctly. Any other suggestions? Would samba 3 be any better?
Old 05-06-2004, 05:08 PM   #4
LQ Newbie
Registered: Mar 2004
Location: san diego
Posts: 16

Rep: Reputation: 0
sorry, i missed that bit of information about wins.
i also made the assumption that you were running samba 3.

what i wrote is only good if you are just trying to connect a workgroup together using linux (samba 3) and windows (any flavor).

if you want to switch to samba 3, i can probably help you. i am fairly new at linux myself, but have experience in windows 2000 domains primarily (mcsa). i have set up several linux fileservers in domains and workgroups to replace or add to windows servers. have not worked with wins much, but it should not be a problem.

i will have to write back tomorrow when i have more time.
you will probably need a wins statement in your smb.conf

in the meantime, you may want to fill in more information about your network for me or others. do you have a domain set up? are the xp and linux box on the same network segment?
Old 05-06-2004, 05:18 PM   #5
LQ Newbie
Registered: May 2004
Distribution: Red Hat 9.0
Posts: 23

Original Poster
Rep: Reputation: 15
Currently I do not use a domain as my main network here is a novell system. I am working with the samba server and RH9.0 in an attempt to prevent a major meltdown. My Novell server is 5 years old and is getting a little long in tooth. all of my computers are on the same segment so routers are not the issue. At one point this morning I was able to see my linux server but now I am not seeing it.

At some point I will probably have to establish a domain controller but I was hoping I could avoid that for now. According to the various documents I have seen the basic smb.conf you suggested should work for a wins based system but then I am so new at this, what would I know? I am trying to get ethereal up and running on my linux workstation, so I can see what might be going on with the packets, I hope that will help shed some light.

It looks like my RH9.0 install installed the ethereal but I have not been able to find it or make it run. Any other suggestions?
Old 05-06-2004, 08:46 PM   #6
LQ Newbie
Registered: Mar 2004
Location: san diego
Posts: 16

Rep: Reputation: 0
i got to thinking about this on the way home. i believe your problem is related to novell, but only because i can't think of anything else.

samba is IP based, and perhaps your novell (since it is older) is ipx/spx based. perhaps they cannot talk to each other without some modifications.

i don't think the problem is wins related, since everything is on one segment (in fact, not sure why you are using wins at all, but i am sure you have your reasons). my limited knowledge of wins is that it provides name resolution across multiple segments, and should not be necessary on a single segment.

anyway, my two suggestions would be this:
1. if there is any way possible to connect JUST the xp and linux using a hub, and test my smb.conf file. then add the wins server, and test again. if that all works then you can be sure it is a novell related problem.

2. repost your question in the networking forum. be sure to include the very pertinent info about novell and win2k/wins. skip posting your smb.conf and just ask the how to question.

wish i could have been more help, but this was more complex than i first realized.

ps - if you would like to enlighten me further about wins, please do so. always interested, although it is used less and less.


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